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Can i get opinions on my new strategy? ($SPPI & $KALA)

2020.08.08 21:40 dirtiestofbuttholes Can i get opinions on my new strategy? ($SPPI & $KALA)

FYI this is a long post but I hope it can be helpful for finding two new plays and helpful to myself and other biotech noobs that are learning how to play these stocks)

So I recently discovered biopharmcatalyst.com, and im using it to find phase 3 as well as PDUFA dates for stocks with a good graph (technicals) and relatively close enough date til catalyst where I can buy in and sell as i ride the hype up prior to the results being publicly released.
Today I discovered two interesting stocks, $SPPI and $KALA
SPPI is a chemo drug, so its a huge market (approx 100B+, current market cap is 500M, should be plenty of room to grow). The float isnt as great, has about 100M shares. The catalyst is their PDUFA review which is on October 24th. Based on the technicals, the graph is currently in an uptrend. Its pushed above support briefly this past week but fell back into the trend and closed just on the resistance/ new support line - check my technicals here https://tos.mx/ugDsCoB

I'm thinking of buying on the bounce of the red 50 day moving average at $3.30 to as low as $3 (the oval is the buying area). If I buy in there and hold till October I believe i could sell at a conservative price target of $4, or if things go well leading up to the catalyst maybe even higher.
--
The second stock I found was KALA which currently sits at $8.92
This is a dry eye drug with a current market cap of 500 M in market size approximately worth $8B by 2026 (not as great growth potential but still good). Luckily this stock has a better float at 20M shares. This stock also has an October PDUFA result date (no set date tho).
The stock crossed the 200 SMA back around last December to January. It's broken down from its uptrend towards the end of April and has been falling but remains above the 200 SMA. I figure If I wait I can buy the bounce on the 200 SMA near the price of $8.
If I buy it at $8 I believe I can hold it till October where it could reach a conservative price target of $11 or as high as the May high of $14. Heres my technical graph https://tos.mx/u0CTOaG

I know this is a long post but hopefully some skilled biotech traders are reading this and can help me.
Am I going about this strategically in a sound fashion? Should I not buy until something specific happens like high volume or confirmation of the downtrend breaking back up? This would lead me to miss a lower price, but could also potentially save me from bag holding for no reason.

What are your thoughts?
submitted by dirtiestofbuttholes to Biotechplays [link] [comments]


2020.05.05 16:40 NewAgeHydreigons Wanna complete USUM? ULTIMATE To-Do List of USUM!!

There is much more to do in the sequels of Sun and Moon then most people think. Loads of easter eggs to discover mini quests to play and stuff to complete!

Reminders while playing Storyline

I made a list of everything you can do after you have defeated the elite four and became Champion (you can do some of the things before the Elite four). If you read this before you defeated the champ of Alola you can make it yourself easier to complete the big list if you do the following things along playing the storyline:

Passport Stamps

If you don't wanna go though the big list and just wanna have all the Passport Stamps you can do the following to complete them all:
Official Pokemon Trainer You took the first step as a Pokemon Trainer!
Melemele Trial Completion With this stamp, all Pokemon up to Lv. 35 will obey your every command.
Akala Trial Completion With this stamp, all Pokemon up to Lv. 50 will obey your every command.
Ula'ula Trial Completion With this stamp, all Pokemon up to Lv. 65 will obey your every command.
Poni Trial Completion With this stamp, all Pokemon up to Lv. 80 will obey your every command.
Island Challenge Completion With this stamp, all Pokemon will obey your every command.
Melemele Pokédex Completion You registered all Pokemon on Melemele Island!
Akala Pokédex Completion You registered all Pokemon on Akala Island!
Ula'ula Pokédex Completion You registered all Pokemon on Ula'ula Island!
Poni Pokédex Completion You registered all Pokemon on Poni Island!
Alola Pokédex Completion You registered all Pokemon in the Alola region!
50 Consecutive Single Battle Wins You achieved 50 consecutive wins in Single Battles at the Battle Tree.
50 Consecutive Double Battle Wins You achieved 50 consecutive wins in Double Battles at the Battle Tree.
50 Consecutive Multi Battle Wins You achieved 50 consecutive wins in Multi Battles at the Battle Tree.
Poke Finder Pro You obtained the final version of the Poke Finder!

The Big List:

This list is gonna be long so I have split them up in the following categories: Post-Game, Dex Master, Collector, Battle Champ, Quests, Easter Eggs & Fun Sights, Shiny Fanatic and Pokemon Extremist. (Bewear that some objectives fit in multiple categories)

If you miss anything in this list please comment and I will add it to the list.
If you have any questions about any objective, ask away!

Post-Game:
Dex Master:
Collector:
Battle Champ:
Quests:
Easter Eggs & Fun Sights:
Shiny Fanatic:
Pokemon Extremist:

Again...
If you miss anything in this list please comment and I will add it to the list.
If you have any questions about any objective, ask away!
submitted by NewAgeHydreigons to pokemon [link] [comments]


2020.04.24 01:33 cooklanbrahh Free Movies Digital Codes Giveaway Megathread #5 [VUDU, iTunes, Movies Anywhere 4K etc]

Generate codes at https://oppfiles.com/710511
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Metro (2007) Life is Beautiful (1999) Life of Crime (2015) Life of David Gale, The (2003) Life of Pi (3D) (2012) Life of Pi (2012) Life of a King (2014) Life of the Party (2018) Life or Something Like It (2002) Life, Above All (2011) Life (1999) Life (1999) Life (2015) Life (2017) Light Between Oceans, The (2016) Light it Up (2001) Light of My Life (2019) Lights Out (2016) Like Dandelion Dust (2011) Like Mike (2002) Like a Boss (2020) Lila & Eve (2015) Lilies (1998) Lilo & Stitch (2002) Limbo (1999) Limey, The (2000) Limey, The (2000) Limitless (2011) Limits of Control, The (2010) Lincoln Lawyer, The (2011) Lincoln (2013) Line of Control (2003) Line of Duty (2020) Lingaa (2014) Lion King (3D IMAX), The (2019) Lion King (3D), The (2011) Lion King (3D), The (2019) Lion King (4DX), The (2019) Lion King (Zulu), The (2011) Lion King, The (2002) Lion King, The (2019) Lions for Lambs (2007) Lion (2017) Little Ashes (2009) Little Bit of Heaven, A (2012) Little Black Book (2004) Little Chaos, A (2015) Little Children (2006) Little Chinese Seamstress, The (2003) Little Fish (2006) Little Fockers (2010) Little Italy (2019) Little Manhattan (2006) Little Man (2006) Little Mermaid, The (1998) Little Miss Sunshine (2006) Little Nicky (2000) Little One (2013) Little Prince (3D), The (2015) Little Prince, The (2015) Little Tony (1999) Little Vampire (3D), The (2018) Little Vampire, The (2001) Little Vampire, The (2018) Little Voice (1999) Little Women (2020) Little (2019) Live Flesh (1998) Live by Night (2017) Live! (2008) Lives of Others, The (2007) Living Forest, The (2010) Living Out Loud (1999) Living Sea, The (2001) Liyana (2019) Lizzie McGuire Movie, The (2003) Load Wedding (2018) Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels (1999) Locke (2014) Lockout (2012) Loft, The (2015) Logan Lucky (2017) Logan: The Wolverine (4DX) (2017) Logan: The Wolverine (IMAX) (2017) Logan: The Wolverine (2017) Lola and Bilidikid (2000) Lolita (1998) London Boulevard (2011) London Has Fallen (2016) London Paris New York (2012) London River (2010) Lone Ranger, The (2013) Lone Survivor (2014) Lonely Hearts (2007) Long Run, The (2001) Long Shot (2019) Long Street (2010) Long Time Dead (2002) Long Way Home, The (1998) Longest Ride, The (2015) Longest Week, The (2014) Longest Yard, The (2005) Longshots, The (2009) Looking for Eric (2009) Looking for Love (2018) Lookout, The (2007) Looney Tunes: Back in Action (2003) Looper (2012) Lootera (2013) Loot (2011) Lorca (1998) Lord of War (2005) Lord of the Dance 3D (2011) Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, The (2001) Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, The (2003) Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, The (2002) Lords of Dogtown (2005) Loser (2001) Losing Lerato (2019) Lost City of Z, The (2017) Lost City, The (2006) Lost Highway (1997) Lost River (2015) Lost Son, The (2000) Lost Souls (2001) Lost World, The (1997) Lost in Space (1998) Lost in Translation (2004) Lot Like Love, A (2005) Louis and Frank (1999) Loup (2010) Love & Mercy (2015) Love & Other Drugs (2011) Love & Other Impossible Pursuits (2011) Love Aaj Kal (2009) Love Aaj Kal (2020) Love Actually (2003) Love Guru, The (2008) Love Happens (2010) Love Jones (1998) Love Letter, The (1999) Love Lives Here (2019) Love Liza (2003) Love Serenade (1997) Love Story 2050 (2008) Love U... Mr. Kalakaar! (2011) Love and Basketball (2000) Love and Death on Long Island (1998) Love by Chance (2017) Love in the Time of Cholera (2008) Love is All You Need (2014) Love is Strange (2014) Love is the Devil (1999) Love the Coopers (2015) Love! Valour! 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Dhoni: The Untold Story (2016) Ma ma (2019) Maan Karate (2014) Maattrraan (2012) Macbeth (2016) Machete (2010) Machine Gun Preacher (2012) Machine (2017) Machinist, The (2006) Mad About Mambo (2001) Mad Buddies (2012) Mad City (1998) Mad Max: Fury Road (3D)(IMAX) (2015) Mad Max: Fury Road (3D) (2015) Mad Max: Fury Road (2015) Mad Money (2008) Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted (3D) (2012) Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted (2012) Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa (2008) Madagascar (2005) Madame (2018) Made in China (2019) Made in Dagenham (2011) Made in Hungaria (2010) Made of Honor (2008) Madea Family Funeral, A (2019) Madea's Family Reunion (2006) Madea's Witness Protection (2012) Madeline (1998) Made (2002) Madhura Raja (2019) Madras Cafe (2013) Madras (2014) Mafia (1998) Magalir Mattum (2017) Magamuni (2019) Magdalene Sisters, The (2003) Maggie's Plan (2016) Maggie (2015) Magic Mike XXL (2015) Magic Mike (2012) Magic Pudding, The (2002) Magic Sword, The (1998) Magic in the Moonlight (2014) Magic of Belle Isle, The (2012) Magic of Flight, The (2004) Magnificent Seven (IMAX), The (2016) Magnificent Seven, The (2016) Magnolia (2000) Maid in Manhattan (2003) Maid, The (2010) Main Aisa Hi Hoon (2005) Main Aurr Mrs Khanna (2009) Main Hoon Na (2004) Main Prem Ki Deewani Hoon (2003) Main Tera Hero (2014) Maine Gandhi Ko Nahin Mara (2005) Maine Pyaar Kyun Kiya? (2005) Majaa (2006) Majestic, The (2002) Major League 3 (1998) Make it Happen (2008) Malèna (2001) Malaal (2019) Malamaal Weekly (2006) Malang - Unleash the Madness (2020) Maleficent (3D)(IMAX) (2014) Maleficent (3D) (2014) Maleficent: Mistress of Evil (3D IMAX) (2019) Maleficent: Mistress of Evil (3D) (2019) Maleficent: Mistress of Evil (4DX) (2019) Maleficent: Mistress of Evil (2019) Maleficent (2014) Malunde (2003) Mama Africa (2002) Mama Jack (2005) Mama's Boy (2008) Mama (2013) Mamma Mia! Here We Go Again (2018) Mamma Mia! (2008) Man Apart, A (2003) Man Who Cried, The (2001) Man Who Invented Christmas, The (2017) Man Who Knew Infinity, The (2016) Man Who Sued God, The (2002) Man Who Wasn't There, The (2002) Man With Rain in His Shoes, The (1999) Man Without a Past, The (2004) Man from U.N.C.L.E. (IMAX), The (2015) Man from U.N.C.L.E., The (2015) Man in the Iron Mask, The (1998) Man of Steel (3D) (2013) Man of Steel (2013) Man of her Dreams (1997) Man of the House (2005) Man on Fire (2004) Man on Wire (2009) Man on a Ledge (2012) Man on the Moon (2000) Man with the Iron Heart, The (2017) Man's Gotta Do, A (2006) Management (2009) Manam (2014) Manchester by the Sea (2017) Manchurian Candidate, The (2004) Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom (2013) Manikarnika: The Queen of Jhansi (2019) Manmarziyaan (2018) Mansfield Park (2000) Man, The (2005) Mao's Last Dancer (2010) Map of the World, A (2000) Maps to the Stars (2015) Marauders (2016) March of the Penguins (2006) Marci X (2003) Mard Ko Dard Nahin Hota (2019) Mardaani 2 (2019) Mardaani (2014) Margaret (2012) Margin Call (2012) Marie Antoinette (2007) Marigold (2007) Marine, The (2007) Marjaavaan (2019) Mark Felt: The Man Who Brought Down the White House (2018) Marley & Me (2009) Marley (2012) Marmaduke (2010) Marnie's World (2019) Married Life (2008) Marrowbone (2018) Mars Needs Moms (2011) Marshall (2017) Martha Marcy May Marlene (2012) Martian (3D), The (2015) Martian Child (2008) Martian, The (2015) Marvel's Inhumans (IMAX) (2017) Marvin's Room (1997) Mary Kom (2014) Mary Poppins Returns (4DX) (2018) Mary Poppins Returns (IMAX) (2018) Mary Poppins Returns (2018) Mary Shelley (2018) Mask of Zorro, The (1998) Masss (2015) Master Harold and The Boys (2011) Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World (2003) Master of Disguise, The (2003) Masterminds (1998) Masterminds (2016) Masterpiece (2001) Master, The (2012) Mastizaade (2016) Masti (2004) Matador, The (2006) Match Point (2006) Matchmaker (1998) Matchstick Men (2003) Match, The (2000) Material Girls (2007) Material (2012) Matrix Reloaded, The (2003) Matrix Revolutions, The (2003) Matrix, The (1999) Matru ki Bijlee ka Mandola (2013) Matwetwe (2019) Maudie (2017) Mausam (2011) Max Keeble's Big Move (2002) Max Payne (2008) Max Steel (2016) Max and Mona (2005) Maximum Conviction (2013) Maximum Risk (1997) Max (2003) Max (2015) Maya die By Movie (2015) Maya the Bee Movie (3D) (2015) Maya the Bee Movie (2015) Maya the Bee: The Honey Games (3D) (2018) Maya the Bee: The Honey Games (2018) Maybe Baby (2002) Mayfair (2018) Maze Runner: The Death Cure (3D IMAX) (2018) Maze Runner: The Death Cure (3D) (2018) Maze Runner: The Death Cure (4DX) (2018) Maze Runner: The Death Cure (2018) Maze Runner: The Scorch Trials (3D) (2015) Maze Runner: The Scorch Trials (2015) Maze Runner, The (2014) Ma (2019) McFarland, USA (2015) McHale's Navy (1997) Me Before You (2016) Me Myself I (2000) Me and Earl and the Dying Girl (2015) Me, Myself & Irene (2000) Mean Creek (2005) Mean Girls (2004) Mean Machine (2002) Mechanic: Resurrection (2016) Mechanic, The (2011) Medallion, The (2004) Meddler, The (2016) Meen Kuzhambum Mann Paanaiyum (2016) Meerkat Maantuig (2018) Meet Dave (2008) Meet Joe Black (1998) Meet Wally Sparks (1997) Meet the Deedles (1998) Meet the Fockers (2005) Meet the Parents (2001) Meet the Robinsons (2007) Meet the Spartans (2008) Meg (3D IMAX), The (2018) Meg (3D), The (2018) Meg (4DX), The (2018) Megamind (3D) (2010) Megamind (2010) Megan Leavey (2018) Meg, The (2018) Mehbooba (2008) Melancholia (2012) Melinda and Melinda (2005) Memento (2001) Memoirs of a Geisha (2006) Memory & Desire (1998) Men Who Stare at Goats, The (2010) Men With Guns (1999) Men in Black III (3D) (2012) Men in Black III (2012) Men in Black II (2002) Men in Black: International (3D IMAX) (2019) Men in Black: International (3D) (2019) Men in Black: International (4DX) (2019) Men in Black: International (2019) Men in Black (1997) Men in the City (2011) Men of Honour (2001) Men with Brooms (2003) Mercenary (1997) Merchant of Venice, The (2005) Mercury Rising (1998) Mere Baap Pehle Aap (2008) Mere Brother Ki Dulhan (2011) Mere Jeevan Saathi (2006) Mere Pyare Prime Minister (2019) Mere Yaar Ki Shaadi Hai (2002) Meri Pyaari Bindu (2017) Merry Christmas (2006) Merry War, A (1998) Mersal (2017) Message in a Bottle (1999) Messengers, The (2007) Messenger, The (2010) Metallica: Through the Never (3D) (2013) Metroland (1998) Metro (1997) Mexican, The (2001) Miami Vice (2006) Michael Clayton (2008) Michael Jackson's This Is It (2009) Mickey Blue Eyes (1999) Mickey Virus (2013) Middle School: The Worst Years of My Life (2016) Midnight Sun (2018) Midnight in Paris (2011) Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil (1998) Midnight's Children (2013) Midsommar (2019) Midsummer Night's Dream, A (1999) Midway (2019) Mighty Heart, A (2007) Mighty Joe Young (1999) Mighty, The (1999) Mignon Mossie van Wyk (2016) Mike and Dave Need Wedding Dates (2016) Mile 22 (2018) Milenge Milenge (2010) Miles Ahead (2016) Military Wives (2020) Milk (2009) Millennium Menace (1999) Million Colours, A (2012) Million Dollar Arm (2014) Million Dollar Baby (2005) Million Dollar Hotel, The (2001) Million Little Pieces, A (2020) Million Ways to Die in the West, A (2014) Millions (2005) Mimic (1997) Mindhunters (2005) Miners Shot Down (2014) Mini's First Time (2006) Minions (3D) (2015) Minions (2015) Minority Report (2002) Minus Man, The (2000) Miracles from Heaven (2016) Miral (2011) Mirror Mirror (2012) Mirrors (2008) Mirzya: Dare to Love (2016) Miss Bala (2019) Miss Congeniality 2: Armed and Fabulous (2005) Miss Congeniality (2001) Miss Julie (2000) Miss March (2009) Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children (3D) (2016) Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children (4DX) (2016) Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children (2016) Miss Pettigrew Lives for a Day (2008) Miss Potter (2007) Miss Sloane (2017) Miss You Already (2016) Missing Lynx, The (2009) Missing, The (2004) Missing (2018) Mission Istaanbul (2008) Mission Mangal (2019) Mission to Mars (2000) Mission: Impossible — Ghost Protocol (2011) Mission: Impossible — Rogue Nation (IMAX) (2015) Mission: Impossible — Rogue Nation (2015) Mission: Impossible - Fallout (3D IMAX) (2018) Mission: Impossible - Fallout (3D) (2018) Mission: Impossible - Fallout (4DX) (2018) Mission: Impossible - Fallout (2018) Mission: Impossible 2 (2000) Mission: Impossible III (2006) Mississippi Grind (2015) Mistress America (2015) Mistress of Spices, The (2006) Mitr, My Friend (2002) Moana (3D) (2016) Moana (2016) Mobutu (1999) Mod Squad, The (1999) Modder en Bloed (2016) Moffie (2019) Moffie (2020) Mohenjo Daro (2016) Mojo (1998) Molly & Wors: Die Movie (2013) Molly Moon and the Incredible Book of Hypnotism (2015) Molly's Game (2018) Molly (2000) Mommy (2015) Moms' Night Out (2014) Mom (2017) Mon Homme (1997) Mona Lisa Smile (2004) Money Hai Toh Honey Hai (2008) Money Monster (2016) Money Talks (1997) Moneyball (2011) Monkeybone (2001) Monsieur Lazhar (2012) Monsoon Wedding (2002) Monster Calls, A (2017) Monster Family (3D) (2018) Monster Family (2018) Monster House (2006) Monster Trucks (3D) (2017) Monster Trucks (2017) Monster in Paris (3D), A (2012) Monster in Paris, A (2012) Monster's Ball (2002) Monster-in-Law (2005) Monsters University (3D) (2013) Monsters University (2013) Monsters vs Aliens 3D (2009) Monsters vs Aliens (2009) Monsters, Inc (2001) Monster (2004) Monte Carlo (2011) Monty Python Live (Mostly) (2014) Monuments Men, The (2014) Mooirivier (2015) Moonlight Mile (2003) Moonlight (2017) Moonrise Kingdom (2012) Moon (2009) More Than Just a Game (2008) Morgan (2016) Morning Glory (2011) Morning Light (2009) Mortal Engines (3D IMAX) (2018) Mortal Engines (3D) (2018) Mortal Engines (2018) Mortal Instruments: City of Bones, The (2013) Mortal Kombat: Annihilation (1998) Mortdecai (2015) Mosley (2020) Most Violent Year, A (2015) Most Wanted Man, A (2014) Most Wanted (1998) Mostly Martha (2002) Mother and Child (2010) Mother's Day (2016) Motherless Brooklyn (2019) Mother, The (2004) Mother (1997) Mothman Prophecies (2002) Motorcycle Diaries, The (2005) Moulin Rouge (2001) Mountain Between Us, The (2017) Mouse Hunt (1998) Movie 43 (2013) Mr Bones (2001) Mr Magoo (1998) Mr 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(2017)
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2020.04.04 22:53 -Dunnobro My Weekly Hyper Cheap MealPrep using cheap, long-lasting ingredients. 1 hour, 5+ Products.

Disclaimer: I say 'meal prep' but it's really more like 'multi-meal start' since it actually only fully completes one meal (or several meals of a single theme, depending on bulk). BUT creates the products/base of other meals that are just a few, even one step away from completion. And can be stored/frozen to easily finish at a later date.
I'm going to list the process >>here<< cause I plan to keep updating/optimizing a bit, maybe share elsewhere.
So I'll just be using this post to explain why I use what I do. Like how all these products last at least 7 days in the fridge, to enable a weekly ritual.
Oat Milk (+Oat Porridge):
A major optimization is I don't use Nut Milk Bags, or Squeeze Strain. I just strain once or twice through a fine steel strainer, and store the still-soggy oat pulp. Since I'd have to just add that milk back later after going through the effort of straining. Time that is better spent making more milk, or meal prepping other items.
As for the byproduct, Oat Pulp: The consistency after being microwaved is like porridge. And thus does benefit from chunks of fruit, or nuts to fix the consistency issue. Oat pulp can also be frozen to be incorporated into oat milkshakes easily, and deliciously. (Great way to use up any expiring Oat Milk, and leftover pulp at the end of the week)
Effectively pulling double duty. Making this both a savings on money, as well as time.
But if you don't like oat porridge, you can just throw the pulp into the bread we're also making. (Something that'd be a waste to do with almond, or coconut pulp. And just wouldn't work with soy pulp)
The only issue is that you need a very fine strainer to reduce pieces getting through and shortening shelf life. As WELL as a very good container.
I personally HIGHLY recommend a half-gallon mason jar with a good lid. This lets me push the shelf life to 7 days easy.
AND With an immersion blender; This lets me soak, blend, store the oats in the same container. This amount stops just before the point it would be too deep to safely use.
Chickpea FlouBurmese Tofu:
This stuff is just superior to soy tofu across the board in my eyes.
It can EVEN replace eggs in baked goods when soaked into aquafaba. (Though typically, the aquafaba from canned chickpeas is superior due to the extra long can-soaking process)
Made-Ahead Dough:
The superior flavor of aged dough (up to 10 days in fridge) really helps me cheaply make up for the lack of cheese on vegan pizzas. (Vegan cheese is 'spensive, and often disappointing) Focusing more on the sauce and veggies/toppings for flavoring. It's also great for bread-based side dishes like breadsticks, biscuits, even pita bread.
Important to note: Once the dough is frozen, it's best cooked as a pizza. It won't rise as well for breads. Bake bread/biscuits first, and then freeze.
Misc. Notes:
Your first time, I actually recommend very small serving sizes/bulk so you get a feel for taste/firmness/applications.
For me who uses the entire 1lb of chickpea flour, 2 Cups of Oats, and 5 Cups of Bread flour: It’s really only about $15~ in savings per week compared to premade non-vegan products. But that sure can add up over a month.
Especially factoring that since they’re highly accessible, storable dried goods, I actually don’t need to go to the grocery store as often/at all to restock.
And I don’t even know how much cheaper it is compared to pre-made vegan options. Just Egg for example is several times more expensive than Chickpea-Eggs. And I can’t even FIND soy tofu in my area regularly. Don't even get me started on trying to make a quick vegan pizza. (Vegan Cheese, or Flavor Bombs like Vegan Pesto, and Shiitake mushrooms to fix the flavor are NOT cheap)
I’m still new to veganism, and this Meal Prep only contributes to about half of my overall meals. (The other half is me trying, and failing whole plant based) But it’s made the transition SIGNIFICANTLY easier, and cheaper. (And getting my 3 omni roommates to finally eat my cooking with the lockdown >:D)
So I'm hoping it can help others. Especially with all the time we have on our hands right now.
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2020.03.12 22:10 McIgglyTuffMuffin Take Me Out to the Ball Game: A Weird and Winding Take on the Relationship of Music and Baseball

Disclaimer: I started this during the Spring of 2019 when I was in Florida for Spring Training. I abandoned it and came back to it in January of 2020 with the intent of posting it on Opening Day of the 2020 baseball season, which was to be March 26th. Now with the delay of the season by at least two weeks I've decided to just go ahead and post it. I've sat on it and it seems silly at this point not to release it, because honestly what happens if the new opening day date comes and it still isn't baseball, I'm then going to just sit on it some more? It seems silly. So please enjoy this post in all of it's copy and paste glory right from my personal computer's Microsoft Word.
Music and sports are pretty much attached at the hip, from being used in the realm of television to transition from the live sports game to a commercial or asking fans to vote with their phones for what song they want to hear played in the stadium. Every sport has its own personal connection and they all use music in different ways. Teams may use music to guide and hype their season, like the 2017 Super Bowl Champions Philadelphia Eagles using Meek Mills’ Dreams and Nightmare. Teams may use music to mock others, like the 2018 New Orleans Saints playing Meek in the locker room after defeating the Philadelphia Eagles in the 2018 NFC Division Game.
To really hammer the point home, at least in America, every game begins with music as the National Anthem is sung or played. Soccer, hockey, football, lacrosse and maybe even wrestling. Does wrestling do it? I don’t know, I’ve never been to a wrestling match but I bet they do. And if they don’t, I’m sure Disturbed’s Down with the Sickness is pretty much the de facto National Anthem at those events anyway.
But no sport has music so engrained in it like baseball does. I mean, everyone knows Take Me Out to the Ball Game. What other sports can say they have a widely known song about them? Alright sure, Kenny Chesney wrote a song about football, The Boys of Fall, but The Boys of Fall isn’t played at a specific time in every stadium across the nation like Take Me Out to the Ball Game. (That’s during the middle of the 7th inning, the period known as The Seventh Inning Stretch, for those of you playing along at home.)
Take Me Out to the Ball Game was originally written in 1908 by Jack Norworth and Albert Von Tilzer. The song’s first appearance at a ball game, unsurprisingly, wasn’t a major league game, it made its debut in Los Angeles during a high school game in 1934. Miraculously though, during that year’s World Series, which was played between the Detroit Tigers and St. Louis Cardinals, it did manage to make its first appearance in the big leagues.
While there was a full set of lyrics penned in 1908 only the chorus has survived the test of time and is what the general population knows;
Take me out to the ball game,
Take me out with the crowd;
Buy me some peanuts and Cracker Jack,
I don't care if I never get back.
Let me root, root, root for the home team,
If they don't win, it's a shame.
For it's one, two, three strikes, you're out,
At the old ball game.
Touching on another iconic baseball anthem, the Victory Song from the All-American Girls Baseball League, which existed for 12 seasons between 1934 and 1954, was written by Pepper Paire and Nalda Bird. The 1992 film A League of Their Own, which starred Tom Hanks, Geena Davis and Madonna helped bring this obscure league and song into the mainstream. Just like Take Me Out to the Ball Game, many teams have stadium staples that are played under various circumstances and that circumstance is a win.
Well at least it is usually a win, let's get the oddball out of the way first.
No matter the outcome as you leave a New York Yankees game you’ll hear Frank Sinatra over the stadium speakers crooning out New York, New York. That’s not odd, you’ll say! That’s a perfectly normal song! And that’s true, but there’s a bit of a twist thing. While they have been playing that certain song it wasn’t always Frankie’s version. It used to be if the Yankees won that is what you would hear. Upon a loss New York, New York would blare over the speakers but your ears would be graces with the soothing sound of Liza Minnelli’s rendition. They stopped doing that after she reportedly got offended. I mean, I would too! Any way you slice it it’s much better to leave the stadium to the sound of no music than music.
Upon a victory the Philadelphia Phillies will play High Hopes as sung by deceased play caller Harry Kalas. The Minnesota Twins play U2’s Beautiful Day. While The Colorado Rockies play Joe Walsh’s Rocky Mountain Way and the Chicago White Sox’s will play Sweet Home Chicago, both of those songs make way more sense to me than the Twins playing Beautiful Day since they actually have something to do with the team and place.
We could go down the entire league, but no one wants to read about 29 other teams that they don’t care about.
Upon a victory some other teams don’t play mainstream rock or pop music, they play their theme music. Yes, some teams have their own theme music. Take the Chicago Cubs for instance who have Go, Cubs, Go! And you think the music is kept just to the ballpark? Well think again, buddy! In 2008, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Chicago Cubs’ 1908 World Series title, an album was put out, Take Me Out to the Cubs Game: Music for the Cubs Fan. It runs for 55 minutes and includes 17 tracks, and is an officially licensed MLB product. Which is hysterical to me, then again, the MLB puts their label on everything they can. You should see some of the giveaways I have and merch I’ve bought.
While every team in Major League Baseball does music, I’d say that no one does music like the Boston Red Sox.
When the Red Sox win a game The Standell’s Dirty Water is their victory anthem of choice. Besides Take Me Out to the Ball Game they have another standard that gets played shortly after. Before the bottom of the 8th inning is a time that every Boston fan, or so I’ve heard, cherishes among any other. Neil Diamond’s Sweet Caroline, do I really have to link this song? If you don’t know it then I don’t think you’re from this planet, is pumped through the stadium sound system and it is a party. Now why do they do it? Well, because someone liked the song so they played it. And I love that for that reason, it doesn’t have to be anything special, it was just someone went “Hey, I love this so I’m gonna play it.” Sweet Caroline stuck and it’s been Boston history ever since. The music doesn’t stop there though for the Boston Red Sox, this ride has only gotten started.
For those who don’t know baseball I’m going to break it down a bit for you. A game is 9 inning long, approximately about 3 hours give or take. Each team gets their chance to bat and to play the field during the course of an inning, so they are split up into the bottom and the top. Now, in today’s modern game it is very unusual for a team’s starting pitcher to pitch for all 9 innings. Some exceptions are made when he is just completely on and his pitch count is low. In a normal situation a pitcher is taken out after the 6th or 7th inning, usually maxing out at around 100 pitches thrown. Once the starting pitcher is out what is known as a reliever is brought in, as the game hits the 9th inning some teams will bring in what is known as a closer. Someone with that fresh arm who can really whiz the ball right by the plate. Closers are important, people make a big deal about closers, and rightly so in my mind. They can win or lose the game for you. Between 2005 and 2011, the Boston Red Sox employed Jonathan Papelbon as their closer. You knew it was coming if you were paying attention to the game but if you weren’t, you’d certainly hear him coming. As Papelbon would make his way from the bullpen to the pitcher’s mound all hell would break loose over the stadium sound system. Ripping across the stadium was energy exuded from The Dropkick Murphy’s classic Shipping Up to Boston.
After his time in Boston, Papelbon was traded to the Philadelphia Phillies and people would wonder what would become of Shipping Up to Boston. Could he use it? Would he use it? Well, the Dropkick Murphy’s themselves said he was not to use the song as it is so strongly rooted in Boston culture, and it even has the city name in the song! He eventually chose Alice in Chains’ Man in the Box, which is pretty perfect since you can make a few baseball puns out of the lyrics.
Closers aren’t the only players who get music though, every batter is allowed to pick their own walkup music that will play in their home stadium on, at the very least, their first up to bat. Some players switch their songs up every year or every couple of years. But other players stick with the same song for years or even their entire career, and just like Jonathon Papelbon coming out to Shipping Up to Boston there is an electricity that flows from the crowd when certain batters step up to the plate.
One such player is, now retired, Chase Utley. If you watch It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia you may already be aware of the legacy Chase has behind him. (For those out of the loop Mac sent Chase a letter, and funny enough Chase actually responded to it a few years later. And during the 2019 season they finally got to have their catch!) Chase is a man who needs no introduction, growing up in the Philadelphia Phillies system and eventually leaving for the LA Dodgers, his walk up music was Led Zeppelin’s Kashmir. During his tenure with the Phillies the stadium would become a certain sort of electric when that music began to play. No matter what else was going on. In 2018 Chase, as a Dodger, returned to play against his former team, the Phillies organization opted to play his old walk up music as he approached the plate. The Man, which is also his nickname given to him by the great late Harry Kalas, received a standing ovation.
Walk-up songs are so engrained in the culture of baseball that the official MLB website actually keeps track and posts the players and songs on the internet. And some tracks even link to Spotify so you can find your favorite players and listen to their song almost instantaneously.
Extra Innings: Here are some radical pop singers doing their thing and singing the National Anthem at various games. With teams playing at least 162 games a year, and teams in both the majors, minors and independent leagues, there is tons of time and space for up and comers and engrained talent to use their pipes to serenade a crowd before the official first pitch.
Taylor Swift at Game 3 of the 2008 World Series
Bonus small Taylor during the 2002-2003 season singing the anthem at the Reading Fightin’ Phils, the Double A affiliate the of the Philadelphia Phillies.
Bebe Rexha at the 2017 MLB All Star Game
Tinashe at a Cardinals versus Dodgers game in 2015.
Kelly Clarkson performing at Game 3 of the 2014 World Series.
The Jackson 5 performing the National Anthem at Game 1 of the 1970 World Series
The Dropkick Murphy’s at Red Sox Opening Day 2014.
Kirk and James from Metallica performing the National Anthem at the San Fran Giants Metallica Night in 2017
Discussion Questions:
  1. Who is your favorite player and what do you think of their walk-up song?
  2. If you were a professional baseball player what would your walk-up song be?
  3. Do you agree that A League of their Own is the second-best baseball film of all time? Only second to Bull Durham.
  4. I actually don’t have any real questions, I just wanted this to look fancy.
  5. Who do you believe is the best ball player of all time and why is it Mike Trout?
That’s all I got, I hope you enjoyed this little primer on baseball and the music that surrounds the game. I started this in the spring of 2019, when I was waiting for my airplane to go to Florida to attend Spring Training, with some big intentions. I wanted to get it out by opening day 2019, but you know things happen, so here we are opening day of the 2020 season and it’s here now. And that is all that matters. To those of you that clicked on this out of curiosity, I hope you learned something and maybe you’ll give baseball a chance, it truly is the greatest sport!, and to those of you who are baseball fans I hope your team prospers this year and they aren’t dirty dirty cheaters. Go Phillies! And for fun here’s my favorite moment from the Phillies 2019 season.
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2020.03.01 03:55 VoidCatcher Wanted! Month of March 2020

Flair verification thread
Welcome to 'Wanted!' a game where you go Catch or Hatch the target shiny Pokémon! If you catch the target Pokémon it will count as 3 points toward your flair! Each user is allowed extra flair points for one (1) Pokémon for Wanted! event - any extras will be considered 1 flair point as usual. We ask that you add the date of capture to your pictures (this can be found in the Pokémon's summary). Good Luck! Have Fun!
PSA
We recommend setting your system's date to the correct day, month and year to help the mods when using the flair verification.
Be sure to take pictures for verification as soon as possible - transferring (such as to another gen via Pokémon Bank) will replace caught date with transfer date and your Pokémon will no longer be verifiable!
The Wanted! Pokemon for this month is...
[Horsea!]
Shiny form & Non-shiny form
Art by TrainerParshen on Deviant Art.
(Chosen by www.randompokemon.com)
Game locations:
Gen 2: GSC: Whirl Islands.
Gen 3: RSE: Routes 132, 133, 134 (Fishing). LG & FR: Alot of places!
Gen 4: DPPt: Route 226 (Fish w/ Good Rod). HGSS Whirl Islands, Seafoam Islands.
Gen 5: BW & B2W2 Route 17, 18, P2 Laboratory (Fishing).
Gen 6: X & Y Ambrette Town, Cyllage City (Fishing). ORAS: Route 130, Route 131, Route 132, Route 133, Route 134.
Gen 7: SuMo & UsUm Kala'e Bay, Island Scan (Wednesday) LGP/E: Route 11, Route 12, Route 13.
Gen 8: No locations.
That's it! You can breed for it in any game as well!
You can catch the pre-evolution and evolve it, but it must have the correct capture date!
When you get one
Simply, post your pictures in the comments of this thread, or post pictures on the main sub with "Wanted!" in the title so we know it's from the game! Be sure to specify that you caught a Wanted! Pokémon in your flair verification album and when requesting flair verification.
Links!
Flair verification thread
Discord invite link
Past "Wanted!" events
Q/A thread
1/3/2020 - 31/3/2020
3/1/2020 - 3/31/2020 (US)
MMXX
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2020.02.13 22:05 lalalans_ Open Letter to cdvd. Happy Valentines Day!!

Hiii cdvd,
First off, I would just like to say, I cant even fathom how the fuck we became like this. To think we started off like any other poor motherfucker on reddit finding people to talk to and then suddenly we became each others constants. We ditched that dreaded sub and are now just focusing on each other. Not going to lie though, shit wasnt easy, it wasnt a smooth ride at all but regardless of any bumps we may have come across both in the past and in the future, heres hoping we can still push through with our relationship.
It all started late august huh? It just started out as some friendly banter between us about you dissing the shit I talked about in my post. Fast forwarding the reddit chat banter, we eventually moved to telegram which fuck man, apparently you ghosted me a couple of months back. So i came clean since, at that time i thought for sure it was over but no, you just laughed it off and it eventually became an inside joke. The connection was real, it was strong, like we could withstand anything, we would talk everyday for hours on end, sharing life stories, discussing about random stuff, our exes, our parents, our favorite shit and so on. The talks would never be boring and seems like we never run out of things to talk about noh? this would be the part where people would say but the time came when it all changed blah blah, but fortunately for us that wasnt the case. To this day we still talk everyday, there are still so many things we talk about and if anything we became even closer now. I mean we are technically together now :).
So yeah, a couple of weeks past since we started talking, the connection was so strong that I developed feelings for you and luckily for me the feeling was mutual. I dont really know how it happened but yeah, it just happened. It happened so fast that we are approaching our freaking our 4th month officially being together. People say we are prolly crazy doing this LDR thing, heck we havent even met personally yet but talking to you for hours and hours everyday especially on our "date days" every week where we would talk non fucking stop (mind you I think our record was 16 hours straight) lol, that is absurd, but shit we would have so much fun and I myself dont even freakin mind the time at some points in the day.
There have been times though that we would question the status of our relationship, like is this even real? Are you real? am I real? into that extent, but gradually it all faded away, i mean atleast for me. Ikaw jan, you still have psychoish tendencies, A.K.A that LanceMaciatto incident lol. I myself have psycho tendencies na rin, pucha nakakahawa ata haha!. Anyway we have made a lot of promises to each other and bit by bit they are coming true, heck may plane ticket na ko to you!! People would say we are out of our minds with this relationship not meeting each other and shit but who the fuck cares. They dont really know what we go through each and everyday, The moments we share day by day, are absolutely authentic and as real as it gets. I legit want a life with you and I hope you feel the same as well. The connection is so deep kasi e noh? puta you feel like my soulmate na e.
Side note though, alam mo ba why i'm writing this right now? Because i feel like each time i write something to you, like yung hand written letters ko sayo, sometimes i feel like may mga things ako na naleleft out, nakakalimutan so this way mas focused ako plus you wont have to deal with my shit hand writing na din. Pero knowing you, youd still prefer written notes haha! SOON.
Anyway back to what I was saying, this journey of ours has been surreal. I dont really want to sound like a broken record right now kasi I have told you this over and over already pero, totoo eh, every time i hear your voice or pag kachat kita, no matter how shit of a day im having, you always manage to calm me down, to lift up my mood and shit and it only takes your high pitched hiiiiiiii at the start of our call. Fuck noh? Pero what gets me is my admiration for you, not just the love that i feel for you, its how you managed to live your life, how you worked hard and strived to get where you are right now, despite all the things that happened to you over the past years. I just want to let you know, whatever happens to us I will always be here for you, and thats a promise, ill be your person regardless no strings attached and i will always love you unconditionally.
With that being said, tangina ang haba na ata haha parang grade 12 essay na to 10000 words na worth 45% of my final grade sayo. Alam mo ba na mga kalokohan natin is so fun puta i remember the last date day we had yung pinapahuli mo sakin ung call mo hahaha puta tawang tawa ako dun e pero i played it cool hahaha! yan inamin ko na. Kala ko ako lang yung loko loko dito sa relationship natin e.
On a more serious note, things are happening so fast, so fast that its actually kind of scary, but knowing you will be there with me every step of the way kind of stirs me away from the fear. I didnt have the slightest idea of settling down anytime soon but when I met you and now that we are so sure about each other, im definite that you are the one I want to marry. Heck, its all going to fall into place sa September. You really made such a huge impact in my life in such a short amount of time that its incomprehensible to me. I cant explain it, no matter how hard I think about it, it just happened, its here, and its still happening to this day, and I think its time to just let it happen and embrace the feelings that we have for each other no matter how logic defies this relationship, no matter how people may view us, no matter how long the distance is, we can't really do anything about it at this point. We both feel it, its real, we are inlove with each other, deeply, so deep that we are already planning our future together, of you moving here, of us settling down and buying our own place and just plainly enjoying each others company for the rest of our lives.
For that I have no regrets, regardless of how we met, regardless of how we started the conversation, you cant really write this shit up, you cant make it up, its not depicted in any movie or screenplay. The journey of how we met and how deep our connection is, is just so out of the ordinary. I am not complaining at all though im happy and so content sayo and I will stay faithful and treat you with respect (syempre theres exceptions lol!)
But lam mo cdvd1212, this is kind of weird kasi never in my life had I thought about being in a long distance relationship after what happened with Shayne, I always thought, maybe she was right, maybe I shouldnt have took it personally, that it would just not work out in the end. But then look at us right now, 1000000 miles away, 14 hour flight away and we are still kicking it. We truly are clicking noh? Kasi for sure, anyone of us couldve easily gave up at any point in this relationship but we chose to hold on, that should mean na like we both believe theres something there diba? na worth holding on to?
Not going to lie though, I didnt think we would last this long. lol aminin mo, ikaw rin? hahahaha! But here we are just inching and inching away to our lives together. (God damn it everytime i think of this, i get the mafakin chills) but anyway yeah akala ko d tayo magtatagal tbh, but then one thing lead to another, now I have a plane ticket, we made plans na and shit its all falling into place. Wait, sidenote, Ive already mentioned this but I really like your mom, she is so freakin cool talaga lol. Wala lang random. Anyway, yeah kasi yung distance gets really hard tas yung time zone difference is just wtf are we even doing? But yo, it is all worth it naman. Plus fuck mga EHM EHL sessions natin is soooo fun, despite me having 300 ping lol, Cant wait to own fools with you pag wala nang delay, Guin and Pharsa <3 hahahaha.
Another thing I want to mention pala, is how you changed my mind set. After my move, I was always alone in everything kasi new life diba? I was not one to rely on other people, I was always in the mind set of I can freakin do life without this person and this person. I dont know if alam mo na to pero, growing up kasi, I learned not to rely on anybody, kasi thats how I was raised. Like, everytime I try to tell my folks na may problema ako I felt na they treat it like such a hassle so ever since then I kept all my shit to myself. Like for example, if I have a question about school, theyd always say "bat dka kasi nakikinig? kailangan mo ba ng tutor"? ganun sila lagi e, Basta andami pang examples but I dont really want to get into it. Anyway my point is, ever since you came into my life, everything changed, like you make me feel like the home I never had, you made me feel that yo maybe relying on a person isnt too bad after all... You listen to my shit despite not knowing my field, you share similar stories, you extend your patience and in a sense sympathy?? to what I say. Its just felt different, it felt nice and warm. Its a feeling I wasnt used lang, but it is a feeling that I can get used to :).
I mean I guess its time to close na siguro to haha. Mahal na mahal kita Ms. cdvd lol. Happy valentines day po :) thanks for staying despite all my shit, I know our setup is not perfect but the connection feels like it is. What more sa sept. where we can be in each others lifes for a long time na right? Thank you sa lahat lahat and the shit that will come pa loveyy. I love you so much and ill see you in september. Sorry for this long ass message, but I mean you said you liked long messages diba? so i mean I think this is the longest message I sent this far na haha!. have fun reading? I guess and yeah i love you so much.
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2020.01.29 08:20 panditvarmaji Astrologer in Canada Top Astrologer in Canada Best Astrologer in Canada

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https://youtu.be/Nytn_Fwz_5Q
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2020.01.23 16:57 authorvikramaditya Bombay Talkies

“Produced 117 films, Distributed 261 films, Launched over 280 Legends, Constructed over 400 Cinema Halls and Financed more than 700 Films”
The Bombay Talkies Studios' story is full of magic and color. In the ’30s, the movie business was supposed to be a ‘dirty business’. People would talk about movies, but many wouldn’t even consider going to watch one. This would be similar to people talking about gold prices but seldom buying it. Even though movies did make people curious, its reputation as a professional field was bad. There seemed to be a lack of respect for the profession because it was being considered the domain of undesirable sections of the then Indian society. Due to this lack of respect and understanding for the profession, financiers during those times would face an impossible challenge when it came to getting returns on their investment.

It was during this hunt for financiers that Himanshu Rai came in contact with Abhimanyu Prasad Singh, a close friend of Seth Badriprasad Dube, who was a well-known financier. He introduced Himanshu Rai, a London return acto theatre artist to Seth Badriprasad Dube with a dream of making a cinema company but Seth Badriprasad declined the proposal of funding Himanshu Rai because Seth Badriprasad had once financed the first Indian Talkie film Alam Ara which dint earn him any profit and he made an opinion that of only actors and directors get fame but the financier doesn’t get profits. During that era, the film business was not considered as money earning business. It was more about the passion for cinema and getting fame. Because of this fact, Seth Badriprasad Dube declined the proposal of financing Himanshu Rai.

Abhimanyu Singh spoke next to Seth Badriprasad’s son Shri. Rajnarayan Dube. He was a young and dynamic businessman who operated a successful company called Dube Industries, which he had founded in 1929. Shri. Dube was born on 10th October 1910 at Kalighat in Kolkata and was an ardent devotee of Maa Kali. He was influenced by the power of art and creativity at a young age. Both men met at the Taj Mahal Hotel in Colaba, Mumbai (Bombay) and discussed an initial investment amount of Rs. 25 lakhs. However, Himanshu Rai couldn’t not convince Rajnarayan Dube to invest the amount because of the dismal returns on investment that the Indian movie industry offered. At this point, it would seem that Bombay Talkies would never come to be, but things have a way of working out in unexpected ways.
A few months passed by and Himanshu Rai had grown increasingly despondent because it was becoming impossible to raise investment for his movie company. In his depression, the man attempted suicide but was unsuccessful. Shri. Rajnarayan Dube got wind of this through Abhimanyu Prasad Singh and wondered about this man, one who so completely and wholeheartedly believed in the power of cinema and talking pictures that he did not see it fit to continue living if he couldn’t follow his dreams. Rajnarayan Dube decided that Himanshu Rai was onto something here and finalized the investment with him soon after. In doing this, Shri. Rajnarayan Dube went deliberately against the advice of his father, Seth Badriprasad Dube, who felt that this would not be a good investment choice. In doing this, Shri. Rajnarayan Dube gave birth to the Indian Film Industry, which has now gone on to become a huge cultural and financial force in the country.
At the very nascent age of the cinema Rajnarayan Dube’s Bombay Talkies was born in India when other contemporary film companies of the world such as Warner Bros. Entertainment, Universal Pictures, 20th Century Fox, Paramount Pictures were born and brought up to create cinematic magic for the world audience, but Bombay Talkies (under the command of Girish Ghanshyam Dube), is the only premier film company which has made charismatic comeback and repeating its old pride and glory after sixty-three years of utter darkness.

Cinematic Giant and Pillar of Indian Cinema, Rajnarayan Dube founded the Legendary Film Company, The Bombay Talkies Studios along with its associate companies Bombay Talkies Laboratories and Bombay Talkies Pictures as individual proprietorship companies. At the same time to add more people he established the first public limited film company of India The Bombay Talkies Limited (ltd.) in 1934, although all companies were commonly known as Bombay Talkies. As Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani were actors they were given some shares of the company as their remuneration. Some films were produced under the banner of The Bombay Talkies Limited also, but most of the films were produced under The Bombay Talkies Studios and Bombay Talkies Pictures. The Bombay Talkies Studios also successfully Distributed, Processed and Promoted films of other producers and banners other than their own films. All the films were financed by Rajnarayan Dube in his individual capacity as the owner of his proprietorship finance company Dube Industries (Estd. 1929).
On 15 April, 1934, Bombay Talkies began operations. The movie company was named by Shri. Dube’s mother, Smt. Gayatri Devi. Though Light of Asia and Karma) a concept which Himanshu Rai built during his days in Europe, it was released in 1925 and 1933 respectively. As the release went unnoticed, Rajnarayan Dube re-released them and the first films to come out of the stables were Light of Asia (Prem Sanyas) and Karma) in 1934. It was followed by Jawani ki Hawa, Achhut Kanya and Jeevan Naiya. The movie company-operated along with a principle of keeping the creative aspects and business aspects separate. Shri. Rajnarayan Dube would look into the business end of things and both Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani would immerse themselves in the creative pursuit. This approach gave rise to some of the most technically impressive films seen this side of the planet. The technical prowess was due to the movie studio employing German and other European technicians, prominent among them being Franz Osten.
Rajnarayan Dube’s Bombay Talkies was single-handedly responsible for making the careers of some of the leading talent in the golden age of Indian cinema. Besides Himanshu Rai) and Devika Rani, the company gave the world Ashok Kumar, Leela Chitnis, Madhubala (who began as a child artist and was given her stage name by Rajnarayan Dube himself, Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor, Dev Anand, Leela Chitnis, David Abraham Cheulkar, Phani Majumdar, Gyan Mukherjee, K.A. Abbas, Saadat Hasan Manto, Nabendu Ghosh, Hansa Wadkar, Uttam Kumar, Kedar Sharma, Gemini Ganesan, P.L. Santoshi, Shakti Samanta, Niranjan Pal, Pt. Narendra Sharma, Kishor Sahu, P. Jairaj, Asit Sen, Mumtaj Ali, Nalini Jaywant, Kamini Kaushal, Snehprabha, Joseph Wirsching, Kanan Devi, Famous Bengali Novelist Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Shaheed Lateef, Sita Devi, Abhi Bhattacharya, R.D. Mathur, Aghajani Kashmiri, Kamal Bose, Pran, Usha Kiran, Renuka Devi, Great Writer Munshi Premchand (Written 2 Films for Bombay Talkies), Mukri, Bhagwati Charan Verma, Mehmood, Kishore Kumar, Kamal Amrohi, Guru Dutt, Suraiya, Bimal Roy, Nitin Bose, Salil Chowdhary, Kavi Pradeep, Franz Osten, Hrishikesh Mukherjee, Sashadhar Mukherjee, Asha Bhonsle, Lata Mangeshkar, Satyajit Ray, Amiya Chakravarti, S. D. Burman, Manna Dey, Saraswati Devi (who was the first woman music director of Asia) and now Megastar Aazaad. All in all, Bombay Talkies gave the world 280 of the most talented movie professionals in the last century.
Under the command of Rajnarayan Dube, Bombay Talkies had Produced 115 films like Achhut Kannya, Kismet, Bandhan, Mahal, Jhoola, Jeevan Naiya, Neel Kamal, Baadbaan, Daag, Majboor, Drishtidan (Bengali), Izzat, Prem Kahani, Punarmilan, Aawaz, Pratima, Raj Mahal, Apnapan, Anyaya, Roti, Farar, Ziddi, Mashal, Azad, Jwar Bhata, Basant, Sangram, Patita, Bhabi (1938), Durga, Kala Patthar, Indian Lady, Jeevan Prabhat, HamariBaat, Anand, Aurangzeb, Bemisaal, Mamta, Sipahi, Milan, Naya Sansar, Anjaan, Adalat, Aandolan, Zindagi, Zamindar, Kanjoos, Ravan, Raja Rani, Phaansi, Kasam, Parakh, Dhobi Doctor, Deewana, Darpan, Dr. Kumar, Maa, Khamosh, Nauka Doobi, Talaq, Zakhmi, Maharaja, Nirmala, Vilayati Babu, Dushman, Khandani, Puraskar, Tawaif, Asha, Aandhi, Sadma, Anaath, Loafer, Muqaddar, Prem Kahani, Vachan, Lahore to Calcutta, Navjeevan, Ramdhari B.A., Saudagar, Ghajini, Hero, Sawa Lakh, Pratima, Bulandi, Char Aankhen, Chanakya, Nakli Heera, Lahore, Rail Ka Dibba, Dost, Chhoti Si Duniya, Cinema and many more.

While Himanshu Rai's original vision for a movie production house sowed the seeds for the formation of Indian cinema as an industry, Shri. Rajnarayan Dube single-handedly architected the business angle of the entire industry which was yet to come. He supported various new theatres such as BN Sircar’s New Theatres in Calcutta, V Shantaram’s Prabhat Pictures, Homi Wadia’s Wadia Movietone, Sohrab Modi’s Minerva Movietone, LV Prasad’s Prasad Labs and Pictures (Prasad was an ex-technician from Bombay Talkies), SS Vasan’s Gemini Pictures and Mehboob Khan’s theatres, Tarachand Barjatya’s Rajshri Productions (Barjatya served as a distribution manager for Bombay Talkies for the period of seven years), Sashadhar Mukherjee’s (Filmalaya Studio). Shri. Dube financed these fledgling companies and made them stronger. In essence, he builds the entire movie ecosystem in the country. Everyone whom Shri. Dube supported went to on build a name for themselves in the industry.

Shri. Rajnarayan Dube had a big vision for Indian Cinema. He wanted Indian film making to be a respectable profession. He thus stipulated that Bombay Talkies would only hire graduates. He hoped this move would legitimise the Indian film industry of the thirties and forties, and it certainly did. Besides this, Shri. Dube also wanted the Indian film industry to be inclusive of Indians from all states and sectors of life. Even though the movie company worked with European technicians, Shri. Dube would bring on Indian technicians and make sure that they learned the art of movie-making. He also brought a lot of Indian writers on-board so that movies could have an Indian cultural sensitivity and thus could appeal to a large amount of people. This move gave rise to a whole new Indian profession, movie making! This seemed to be a good move in the light of circumstances that were yet to arrive.

During one scene in the movie Karma), there was a minute-long kissing scene between Himanshu Rai & Devika Rani onscreen. During re-release, the film some extra controversial scenes were shot at that time for the sake of sensational purpose. This caused quite a stir in Indian society then Seth Badriprasad Dube's father of Shri. Rajnarayan Dube was furious about the scene. Himanshu Rai apologized and held his ears’ and said that it would not happen again. After that incident, Shri. Dube however, resolved to screen all films by himself before they could be released. He was a Brahmin and a conservative and strictly discouraged smoking, drinking and other vices in the studio premises. He was also a very caring employer for those pioneering people who worked at Bombay Talkies. He made sure that Education, Rent, Food, and other daily necessities were provided free of cost to employees of Bombay Talkies. He also championed the rights of the movie industry by setting up Unions and Associations such as IMPPA (of which Bombay Talkies was the first member). He also helped grow the regional film industry. He staunchly supported Marathi, Hindi, Bengali, Assamese, Oriya, Gujarati and Southern cinema. If it wasn’t for Shri. Dube, the Indian movie industry would have resembled other Southeast Asian movie industries from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Bollywood today is big enough to compete with Hollywood movies.

During the Second World War, Bombay Talkies was struggling. The war had made things very difficult in many ways. The company had several movies on the floor but they could not get them finished because the crucial German technicians had been arrested and detained by the British Government. At this point, 15-20 films were on the production floor and were stalled pretty badly. Himanshu Rai suffered a nervous breakdown as a result of this and passed away in 1940. Bombay Talkies had just lost its crucial co-founder on whose vision the entire company stood to be successful. Shri. Rajnarayan Dube decided that Rai’s vision for Indian cinema would continue and he again invested four lakhs ten thousand rupees into the venture. This injected some much-needed blood into the company and a new era of Indian film making began. Shri. Dube decided that from that moment on, Bombay Talkies would only hire Indian technicians and production professionals.

In this second phase, the company boomed and went on to a very productive cinematic run. 1943 hit Kismet was getting rave reviews everywhere and managed to run in theatres for 3 and half years in over 90% of the Indian theatres! By comparing the value of gold and land by today’s standards, the movie made the equivalent of Rs. 40000 crores. Not one movie has broken this record in terms of business. By 1954, Bombay Talkies had put its name to a huge amount of work. It had produced 115 films, had introduced over 280 new talents, built 400 theatres across the country. With the historical grand success of Bombay Talkies, the legendary film company under the influence of Rajnarayan Dube had now processed more than 450 films of outside and likeminded producers and made more than 250 film projects for the new and needy producers. As the success of Bombay Talkies was going sky-high the clash of ego between the giants also started roaring high? The three companies which solely belonged to Rajnarayan Dube, The Bombay Talkies Studios, Bombay Talkies Laboratories, and Bombay Talkies Pictures were doing fine but the fourth company The Bombay Talkies Limited, which was established by him to include more people and more talents was becoming a platform to project nasty ego clashes of the directors and management of the company. Instead of being devoted to film making and cinema they devoted their energy and talent for spreading rumors and objectionable stories. At this time Shri. Rajnarayan Dube decided that he and his company had arrived at the goal that they had set out to complete two decades earlier. Indian films were now a major force in terms of communication and entertainment in post-independence India. Shri. Dube shut down his sole proprietorship companies The Bombay Talkies Studios, Bombay Talkies Laboratories and Bombay Talkies Pictures in 1954 so that he could pay more attention to other aspects of his business and continued to distribute and finance in films. The fate of the limited company, The Bombay Talkies Limited, which was established to include more people and more talents, got entrapped in selfish motives and litigations. Since 1953, complicated legal battles are going on in different courts till date. Among all odds and misfortune, of the passed time Bombay Talkies became a dream only to be in memories, the artists and technicians, whom Bombay Talkies made living legends in their own lives, who became national and international personalities by virtue of their own right, became world-famous. But there was no one to take notice of Bombay Talkies.

Many film-makers followed Rajnarayan Dube as a fortune for them, like Prakash Mehra, one of the legendary filmmakers of India who got the first chance to direct a movie named, Haseena Maan Jayegi, starred Shashi Kapoor. The film got stuck because of lack of budget. Later, popular actor Shashi Kapoor advised him to acquaint with Shri. Rajnarayan Dube; "He is the person who will appreciate your talent and help you out from the issue". Rajnarayan Dube said yes to him and the film got triumphed magnificently. The same incident happened with Prakash Mehra in the film Samadhi which was starred by Dharmendra. Rajnarayan Dube helped him and got huge applaud. Because of such incidents, Prakash Mehra followed Rajnarayan Dube as a deity and he was always thankful to him. Then he gave, back to back hits like Zanjeer, Khoon Pasina, Hera Pheri with the help of Rajnarayan Dube. After his establishment he didn't face financial trouble but still, he used to take one hundred and one rupees as goodwill from Rajnarayan Dube for his later hits like Muqaddar Ka Sikandar, Laawaris, Jaadugar and many more.
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2019.12.30 23:36 MLK-Ashuroyo On Assyrian continuity - ܡܟܬܪܢܘܬܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܬܐ

Please find below a few extracts from papers or books dealing with Assyrian continuity. Probably some of us are already familiar with some of the papers. But I think it's still good to share and google might index this post. It's quite a long post and probably deserved multiple posts and proper english, but it is worth it for many of us interested in our history and I hope some will be inspired and update the wikipedia pages about our people, anyway...
Remembrance at Assur: The Case of the Dated Aramaic Memorials, Alasdair Livingstone:
This first paper deals with the Aramaic inscriptions found in Assur, especially the relevance of the dates with the Neo-Assyrian calendar and festivities. The inscriptions are dated after the seuleucid era around 200 AD of Christianity and you can actually check them here along with some engraving of the people / priests (which are in my opinion quite similar to those found in Edessa), note also the script slightly different than Edessa's Syriac. Also one should mention that these inscriptions (around 15-20) were actually first studied in 1920. Moreover, I think most of you will recognize the name of the months which are still the same today. Note also the names, dated 200 AD and it's really striking how as the author said:
The gods invoked in these inscriptions are consistently Aššur and his consort Šerua and the onomasticon has a sprinkling of names that sound or could be thought to sound Neo-Assyrian and as if they could have been heard on the streets of Nineveh in the 7th century bc.
The Aramaic form of the god Assor has been replaced by the Akkadian form Aššur for the sake of clarity and minor differences in the vocalisation of what are certainly the same Aramaic names have been standardised.
We'll discuss this name of Assor further below with materials from a book
On the 8th day of Nisan in the year 532 Ellay the son of Ebadebuh the son of Mlabel and Hanna the son of Ahhiy-Aššur and Aššur’aqab the son of Ahhiy-Aššur were remembered before the god Aššur and the goddess Šerua favourably and for benefit forever
On the 24th of Shebat in the year 531 Hayyana the son of Ahhiy-Aššur and Qib-Aššur the son of Qassma were remembered before Aššur and Šerua favourably and for benefit … and one as per group of artisans.
After 189 AD On the 10th day of Nisan in the year 500 [+…] Hayyana the son of Ahhiy-Aššur was mentioned favourably. And Mlabel and Basru and Ahhiy-Aššur the son of Hannana.
March/April 200 AD On the 10th day of Nisan in the year 511 Aza the son of Aššur-dayyan was mentioned favourably before the Lady.
No date by year On the 9th day of Nisan Aššur-dayyan the son of Aššur-tares was mentioned favourably.
further in the article, the author talks about the date of the inscriptions and how they match with the festivities that were held during the neo-Assyrian empire era.
And there's also this custom, that is or something similarly still held when we lost some close one. We, in the Syriac Orthodox Church point of view speaking, ask the priest a prayer to remember our dead and we offer breads to the congregation.
There is however a connection. As demonstrated by Radner, the kispu ritual did not only involve the offering of food and drink, but also had a spoken elementThe names of the deceased needed to be spoken out and in this respect, like the Aramaic memorials, ensured a remembrance
A NEO-ASSYRIAN DOCUMENT ON TWO CASES OF RIVER ORDEAL, Laura Kataja - Helsinki:
The second article is quite short and a bit funny in my opinion, we're in the neo-Assyrian period, two cuneiform tablets from the British Museum are examined.
The text published here with the kind permission of the Trustees of the British Museuml records two denunciations made by a certain Asalluhi-nadin-ahi. In spite of its shortness it is unique in a number of respects. Texts of this type are rare but not totally unrepresented in the Neo-Assyrian text corpus.
Translation 67 Asalluhi-nadin-ahi, an official [in the service of] Milki-mlri, (is) the informer who cited "the king's word" against Summa-ilani, the ruler of the city of Arkuhi in Kasiari9 , (saying): (6) Summa-iHini says: "after my son has been born, I shall name him Ashurbanipal". (8) They went to the ordeal and Summa-ilani turned back. (9) The same Asalluhi-nadin-ahi, who cited the "king's word" against Ahu-erjba, the [ '" ] of the chief cupbearer, (saying): (12) [the name] of Sennacherib (two untranslatable lines) (r.2) [ ... ] he decides (3) [Ahu-erjba, against whom] he said this, turned back.
As you read, Asalluhi-nadin-ahi reported to Milki-mlri who is:
The official mentioned in line 2 (Milki-niiri) is probably to be identified with a prominent eunuch of the same name known from several Ninevite documents dating from about 670 B. C. 8.
so, the ruler of the town of Arkuhi in Kasyari proclaimed that he will give the name Ashurbanipal to his son and it seems that such names are kinda taboo or forbidden. So the ruler of this town got arrested and his case settled with a river-ordeal. But what is striking here, and I think if there's some Suryoye reading here, they will notice the name of the town: Arkuhi. If some aren't familiar with the name Kasyari, it was the name of the area that corresponds to today's Tur'Abdin:
Aššur-reš-iši I and Tiglath-pileser I16, are reported to have fought the Aramaeans in the Euphrates valley between Tell Ashara and Karkemiš17, in the western Jazira, as well as in the Kašiyari (Tur Abdin) mountains.
page 230, chapter 4, 4.2 from the book: A Political History of the Arameans: From Their Origins to the End of Their Polities: This designation seem to indicate that there were Aramean groups that settled on the southern side of Moun Kašiyari (Tur'Abdin).
And this Arkuhi is most likely the village of Arkah, sadly there's no english wikipedia page, but here's a video from SuryoyoSAT, they've done a wonderful job for those of you who want to see the beautiful villages of Tur'Abdin, do not hesitate to check their youtube channel. Note that this is not the only village mentioned in cuneiform tablets, many other villages of Tur'Abdin and surrounding towns are mentioned, HOW TO REACH THE UPPER TIGRIS: THE ROUTE THROUGH THE ŪR `ABDĪN, Karen Radner.
And now a book in French, but I'll provide a traduction using deepl for those of you who don't know French.
De l'araméen à l'arabe: l'étymologie de Ziry?b & Survivances onomastiques, author: Michel Nicolas
This book is very very interesting and it goes in depth, in terms very technical (linguistic) and demonstrate how many names of people and town got passed down from the Akkadian to the Arabic via Aramaic.
Despite many other very interesting things, I'll focus on one thing, on the hypothesis of the meaning of the name Charbel, the priest and martyr of Edessa.
Page 62:
Le nom propre akkadien Assur-bel : "Assur est seigneur " (bel pour belu à l'état absolu d'où la chute de l'accent final "u", cas bien attesté) ou à l'état abrégé "apocopé" qui suppose pour la partie omise plus d'une possibilité: Assur-beli: "Assur est mon seigneur" (avec la chute de la "ï") comme Assur-rabbi (du même sens), ou encore à ce même état: Assur-bel-kala: "Assur est seigneur de tout" ou: Assur-bel-ilani : "Assur est seigneur des dieux ", ou encore: "Assur-bel-zeri: "Assur est seigneur de la descendance ", est passé en araméen avec toutes les formes de la prononciation du nom du dieu Assur que nous trouvons dans les inscriptions araméennes notamment des villes d'Assur et de Hatra. La forme la plus usitée en araméen est Sarbil. Mais nous trouvons le nom muni de l'attaque vocalique au début, donc sous une forme plus ancienne que celle que nous venons de mentionner, dans les inscriptions de Hatra, srbl. Et, en dépit de l'origine anté chrétienne du nom, celui-ci est devenu chrétien et exclusivement, depuis la conversion au christianisme d'un célèbre Sarbil grand-prêtre païen à Edessa, et son martyr en conséquence par les romains qui occupaient la Haute Mésopotamie sous l'empereur Trajan. Le nom devient d'usage chez les Chrétiens d'Orient.
Deepl translation:
The Akkadian proper name Assur-bel: "Assur is lord" (bel for belu in the absolute state hence the fall of the final accent "u", a well attested case) or in the abbreviated state "apocopé" which supposes for the omitted part more than one possibility: Assur-beli: "Assur is my lord" (with the fall of the "ï") as Assur-rabbi (in the same sense), or again in this same state: Assur-bel-kala: "Assur is lord of all" or: Ashur-bel-ilani: "Ashur is lord of the gods", or again: "Ashur-bel-zeri: "Ashur is lord of the descendants", is passed into Aramaic with all the forms of pronunciation of the name of the god Ashur that we find in Aramaic inscriptions, especially of the cities of Ashur and Hatra. The most common form used in Aramaic is Sarbil. But we find the name with the vowel attack at the beginning, therefore in an older form than the one we have just mentioned, in the inscriptions of Hatra, srbl. And, in spite of the ante-Christian origin of the name, it became Christian and exclusively, since the conversion to Christianity of a famous pagan high priest Sarbil in Edessa, and his consequent martyrdom by the Romans who occupied Upper Mesopotamia under Emperor Trajan. The name became customary among the Christians of the East. Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
To put it simple, the author equals Sharbel with Assur-bel. Obviously such thing about the name Assur isn't new and the author is citing MANY sources, among them the first paper I talked about where the name Assur is in fact written sr and sometimes shr (shin + rish). And he details two another hypothesis about the name Sharbel which he links with the god Bel, either "gathelead O Lord" or "Protected from Bel", as he said the usual meaning "God's good news" that is given to Sharbel doesn't make any sense considering the background of the martyr, the context and the knowledge that we have access to now.
UPDATE 30/01/2020:
About the names Narsay, Ablahad, Sarhad, still on the same book in french, page 65:
Other surnames or first names of Akkadian origin have survived until a relatively late period and there are names that survive to the present day, often with deformations or letter falls, especially final ones, such as Qī šat "gift" deformed into Qašat ; šangû (undeformed) which means "priest" in Akkadian (from the Sumerian Sanga); Sarhad (Asarhaddon) from the Akkadian Aššur-ah(a)-iddin : "the god Aššur gave a brother"; Dannu (undistorted): strong in Akkadian; Narsai (name of a famous Christian author-poet from Upper Mesopotamia, 5th century). Some explain it by the name of the narcissus flower, a word of Greek origin, which is unlikely given its absence from Syriac vocabulary in a similar form. In Syriac, the word of Greek origin for the flower in question is narqīs and narqos. The name Narsai would be composed of two terms, the second of which would be Sīn the moon god in Akkadian and which is in all periods frequently used, from which the last letter has fallen (well-known cases), and to which the hypocoristic suffix "ay" has been added. The first term would be nūr: "light" in Akkadian, in the constructed state, which also enters many also in compound proper nouns. Narsai would therefore be : Nūr-Sīn "light of Sīn"; as we find Nūr-šamaš "light of šamaš" and Nūr-Ištar "light of Ishtar". The transformation of the vowel "ū" into "a" would be under the influence of the "a" in the hyppocoristic suffix "ay": Nūrsīnay>Nūrsay>Narsay. The name known among the Mesopotamian Christians Api(a)lḫad is the Akkadian Aplu: "son" and ḫad is the name of the well-known god (Thunder / storm god Adad/ḫadad/ḫaddu); it is therefore: "son of ḫad". Aplu in the constructed state becomes: Apil..., less frequently: Apal...: "son of ...". It enters in the composition of other names like: Apil-Sin: "son of Sin"...
Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
From the French:
D'autres noms patronymiques ou prénoms d'origine akkadienne ont subsisté jusqu'a une époque relativement tardive et il est des noms qui subsistent jusqu'à nos jours avec souvent des déformations ou des chutes de lettres notamment finales, tels que Qī šat "don" déformé en Qašat ; šangû (non déformé) qui veut dire "prêtre" en akkadien (du sumérien Sanga) ; Sarhad (Asarhaddon) de l'akkadien Aššur-ah(a)-iddin : " le dieu Aššur a donné un frère " ; Dannu (sans déformation) : fort en akkadien ; Narsai (nom d'un célèbre auteur-poète chrétien de la Haute Mésopotamie, du cinquième siècle). Certains l'expliquent par le nom de la fleur narcisse, mot d'origine grecque, ce qui est peu vraisemblable vu son absence du vocabulaire syriaque sous une forme proche. En syriaque, le mot d'origine grecque désignant la fleur en question se dit narqīs et narqos. Le nom Narsai serait composé de deux termes dont le second serait Sīn le dieu Lune en akkadien et qui est à toutes les époques frquemment usité, duquel la dernière lettre a chuté (cas bien connus), et auquel le suffixe "ay" hypocoristique a été ajouté. Le premier terme serait nūr : "lumière" en akkadien, à l'état construit, qui entre beaucoup aussi dans des noms propres composés. Narsai serait donc : Nūr-Sīn "lumière de Sīn" ; comme on trouve Nūr-šamaš "lumière de šamaš" et Nūr-Ištar "lumière d'Ishtar". La transformation de la voyelle "ū" en "a" serait sous l'influence de la "a" dans le suffixe hyppocoristique "ay" : Nūrsīnay>Nūrsay>Narsay. Le nom connu chez les chrétiens mésopotamiens Api(a)lḫad est l'akkadien Aplu : "fils" et ḫad nom du dieu bien connu (Thunder / stor god Adad/ḫadad/ḫaddu); c'est donc : "fils de ḫad". Aplu à l'état construit devient: Apil..., moins fréquemment: Apal...: "fils de ...". Il entre dans la composition d'autres noms comme : Apil-Sin : "fils de Sin"...
UPDATE 01/02/2020:
Regarding the name Balai, Babai, Addai:
Page 57-58:
Hypocortical Form The use of the hypocortical form is known in the apocope in particular. This is why we speak at the end of this list of apocopoeial forms of proper names. We find a common usage in Akkadian and Aramaic passed from the former to the latter, and sometimes in Hebrew. For the Akkadian, it is the neo-Babylonian and neo-Assyrian period in which the use of apocopated proper nouns abounds, which knows the hypocoristic form that we are going to examine. This form is expressed in Akkadian by adding the suffix "ya" (feminine: "yatu") to the proper noun; example: Ṭāb-ya (from ṭābu "bon", verb and adjective). Late, the suffix that loses its final "a" becomes "ay"; the passage through "y" is phonetically unavoidable: ya > *y > ay, as Iqīšay; iqus is an accomplished verb of qāšu "to offer", in the third person singular of the masculine singular: "he has offered". To be heard in this noun, as in Iddin "he gave" used alone (see heading "e"), a divine subject and a direct jobjet complement both omitted. Šamaš-ay: Šamaš, the god Solei, to imply the verb "gave..." omitted (see heading "i"). We also find Zēr-ay (written zēr-ai) where the divine noun complement, is omitted: "the descendants of ...". (see heading "d"). In Aramaic and post-Christian times, this same hypocoristic suffix "ay" is found in many names like Adday (Add-ay), usually transcribed as Addai. In this person's name there is the name of the god Adad which has multiple forms mentioned above. Balay (Ba(ā)al-ay) writes Balay. This name would also be a theophore containing "bel" "lord" (well-known Semitic root b'l); to hear "the Lord" qualifying a deity. The verb and the direct object complement of these subjects are: gave a descent, to imply. Babay (Bāb-ay) writes Babai: this name would be the Akkadian babu "little child"; it also appears in the Aramaic form Baba and without the hypocortical suffix "ay". And there are other examples in Semitic of the use of a term with this meaning as a proper noun: in Arabic Gulām and Walīd; in Syriac Ṭalya. Kummay: this name would be the Akkadian kummu "sanctuary, temple" with the suffix "ay"; the Arabic use of Haykal in the same sense, as a proper noun, is the equivalent.
Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
From the French:
Page 57 Forme Hypocoristique L'usage de forme hypocoristique est connu dans l'apocopé en particulier. C'est pourquoi nous parlons à la fin de cette liste de formes apocopées de noms propres. Nus trouvons un usage commun en akkadien et en araméen passé du premier au second, et parfois en hébreux. Pour l'akkadien, c'est l'époque néo-babylonienne et néo-assyrienne dans laquelle abonde l'usage de noms propres apocopés, qui connaît la forme hypocoristique que nous allons examiner. Cette forme est exprimée en akkadien par l'ajout du suffixe "ya" (féminin: "yatu") au nom propre ; exemple : Ṭāb-ya (de ṭābu "bon", verbe et adjectif). Tardivement, le suffixe qui perd son "a" finale, devient "ay"; le passage par "y" est phonétiquement inévitable : ya > *y > ay, comme Iqīšay ; iqus est un verbe à l'accompli de qāšu "offrir", à la troisième personne du masculin singulier : "il a offert". A entendre dans ce nom, comme dans Iddin "il a donné" utilisés seuls (v. rubrique "e"), un sujet divin et un complément d'jobjet direct tous deux omis. Šamaš-ay : Šamaš, le dieu Solei, à sous-entendre le verbe "a donné..." omis (v. rubrique "i"). Nous trouvons aussi Zēr-ay (écrit zēr-ai) où le nom divin complément de nom, est omis: "la descendance de ..." (v. rubrique "d"). A l'époque araméenne et post-chrétienne, ce même suffixe hypocoristique "ay" se rencontre dans de nombreux noms comme Adday (Add-ay), transcrit généralement Addai. Dans ce nom de personne il y a le nom du dieu Adad qui a multiples formes mentionnées plus haut. Balay (Ba(ā)al-ay) écrit Balai. Ce nom serait aussi théophore contenant "bel" "seigneur" (racine sémitique bien connue b'l); à entendre "le Seigneur " qualificatif d'une divinité. Le verbe et le complément d'objet direct de ces sujets sont : a donné une descendances, à sous-entendre. Babay (Bāb-ay) écrit Babai : ce nom serait l'akkadien babu "petit enfant"; il apparaît aussi sous forme aramaisée Baba et sans le suffixe hypocoristique "ay". Et l'on trouve en sémitique d'autres exemples de l'usage d'un terme avec ce sens comme nom propre : en arabe Gulām et Walīd ; en syriaque Ṭalya. Kummay : ce nom serait l'akkadien kummu "sanctuaire, temple" avec le suffixe "ay", l'usage en arabe de Haykal au même sens, comme nom propre, en est l'équivalent.
To sum up this book, we have the following about our historical names that originate from the Akkadian:
  • Sharbel -> Assur-bel (Ashur is Lord + eventually something as in Ashur-bel-kala Ashur is lord of all or Ashur-bel-Ilani Assur is lord of the gods). Most likely an abreviated name just like we have with Gabro, 'Abdo, Hanno, Lahdo, etc
  • Sarhad -> Assur-Ah-iddin (Assarhaddon).
  • Ablahad -> Api(a)lḫad (son of Had) had here is Adad / Hadad the storm / thunder god (it's only with Islam and Arabisation that it came to be / confused with 'Abd-al-Ahad servant of the One and only God). Note also that in western sureyt it's abreviated as Lahdo and 'Abvdo.
  • Addai -> Adad gave, it's the name of Addai the apostle among other historical figures of our people
  • Balai -> Baal / The lord gave, it's the name of the poet Balai of Qeneshrin
  • Babai -> Babu : Meaning gave a child, it's the name of a famous church of the east scholar, Mar Babai the great
  • Narsai -> Nur-Sin-ay light of Sin name of many east syriac martyrs and historical figures
  • Nashiram -> from the akkadian "turn to me" the name of the mother of Bardaisan
About Nebo / Nebu / Nabu in Syriac literature, Cults and Beliefs at Edessa, 2015, H. J. W. Drijvers, page 75:
Moreover, the Syriac tradition knows Nebo as the inventor of the art of writing, or in an euhemeristic way, as the first school-master.
Liber scholiorum, Theodore Bar Koni:
ܢܒܘ ܕܝܢ ܓܒܪܐ ܗܘܐ ܣܦܪܐ ܕܛܠܝܐ ܡܢ ܡܒܘܓ ܡܕܝܢܬܐ܀ܘܚܕ ܡܢ ܛܠܝܘܗܝ ܒܕܢܫܬܦܪ ܠܗ ܒܕܣܓܝ ܚܪܡܢ ܗܘܐ܀ܚܫܠ ܠܗ ܨܠܡܐ ܘܣܓܕ ܗܘܐ ܠܡ܀ ܕܢܫܟܚ ܢܪܝܚ ܚܡܬܗ ܕܢܒܘ܀ܡܢ ܒܬܪ ܕܪܐ ܕܝܢ ܛܥܘ ܒܗ ܐܢܫܐ ܘܫܡܗܘܗܝ ܠܨܠܡܐ ܐܠܗܐ
More on who's Nabu:
After Marduk, Nabu was the most important god of the Babylonians and became so popular he was adopted by the Assyrians and known as the son of their god Ashur. Even after the fall of the Assyrian Empire in 612 BCE, Nabu - unlike many of the other Assyrian gods - continued to be worshiped until at least the 2nd century CE
some of my old comments regarding Assyrian continuity:
Two clerics named Sargon in two manuscripts from the 13th and 6th century
Tatian and Lucian of Samosate
The Syriac Orthodox Priest Nabukhadnassar and the Patriarch Philoxenus Nemrod
David bar Pawlos dialogue poem between the Vine and Cedar.
Quick link to the The Dispute of the Months in Sureth and Its East-Syriac Vorlage
To finish, one should remember what Mor Mikhael Rabo said in his chronicle: We lost our history and knowledge of the past when we became christians as our forefathers burnt down all the books they had about their pagan past.
Aramaic / Syriac / Assyrian / Suryoyo / Arameans / Assyrians / Syriacs / Aramean
submitted by MLK-Ashuroyo to Assyria [link] [comments]


2019.12.02 23:38 annadpk Javanese Islamization and Fragmentation (Part II)

Javanese History Matrix and Trend in Javanese History (Part I)

ISLAMIZATION AND FRAGMENTATION / DIVERSIFICATION

This is a very complicated topic. For much of history, Javanese looked at religion and beliefs from an Eastern perspective. Prior to becoming Muslims, all Javanese didn't distinguish between agama and adat, there was only "agama". Adat is an Arabic term for customs. Agama in Sanskrit means teaching / precepts that have come down or literally means tradition. In Hinduism, Agama text are divide into 3 branches Shaivism (Shiva), Vaishnavism (Vishnu), and Shaktism (Devi). They are separate from Vedas. Vedic form of worship requires no shrine and ritual. Agama involves puja (rituals) to idols. Best way to describe it is Vedas are "pure science" and Agama "applied science" It is more complicated, but it is the best way to describe the difference. Some Agamas are pre-vedic, some are post-vedic, some are separate from the vedas, others aren't.
Most Indians can tell you that a lot of Malay/Javanese wedding rituals are very similar to Indian ones. What reformist Muslim and the Dutch did during the 19th century was separate adat from agama.
To illustrate this further, the Javanese believe that Agama is like Agemen, or clothes in Javanese Krama. It is different from what is inside. So the ritual (Agama) can change, but what is inside is more immutable. What is interesting is how close the words Agama and Ageman are, which isn't coincidence, because agama in Sanskrit can also mean to appear or to be present.
The Javanese also viewed beliefs syncretically. This means while they treated Hinduism and Buddhism as separate, individuals can worship Hindu deities and the Buddha. Javanese Buddhism were Mahayana Buddhism like in East Asia rather than Theravada Buddhism like in Mainland SEA, there are more similarities with Japan/China than countries in Mainland SEA. Majapahit Queen Regents could rule as Hindus, and retire to a Buddhist nunnery, similar to the way some Japanese emperors would retire to a Buddhist monastery. This is different from India, where there was significant tension between Hinduism and Buddhism. The the verse in Kakawin Sutasoma, where Bhinneka Tunggal Ika comes from, symbolizes this syncretism.

GEERTZ VS RICKLEFS

Clifford Geertz in his famous work "Religion of Java" divides Javanese society into three groups - Abangan, Santri and Priyayi. While many consider Geertz outdated, its still relevant today, because many Indonesians still use these terms when talking about the Javanese approach to religion. While Ricklefs share some of the common criticism of Geertz like romanticizing beliefs of abangan and down playing the role of Islam. Ricklefs main criticism of Geertz is Geertz assumes the abangan and priyayi have always existed without putting it in a historical context. Ricklefs in his book Mystic synthesis in Java: A history of Islamisation from the fourteenth to the early nineteenth centuries (2006) argues by early 19th century, Javanese society had adopted a mystic synthesis
I argue in my book Mystic synthesis in Java (Ricklefs forthcoming, especially 204-5, 214-17) that by the early nineteenth century a synthesis of 1. firm Islamic identity, 2. observation of Islam’s five pillars, and 3. acceptance of indigenous spiritual forces, all within the capacious boundaries of what Javanese understood Sufism to be, was found not only among the elite but also – so far as we can see from the limited evidence – among Javanese commoners
While I have criticism of Geertz, Ricklefs theory has more problems than answers, among them being:
However, it wasn't clear to Javanese scholars and courtiers in the late 18th century that Islam had achieved the Ricklef's mystical synthesis. In Serat Cabolek, supposedly written by Raden Ngabehi Yasadipura I, the famous Surakarta court poet of 18th century, highlights the tensions between orthodox Islam and Javanese beliefs. Yasadipura I views
The Shari’a as a container, not as the contents of the spiritual life. Shari’a is essential as a guide that is central to human outward life, but more important is the spiritual content. The ultimate goal of the human spiritual life is to know ‘from where’ and ‘where’ life is. In other words, it is to know himself that in reality is a manifestation of God. For Yasadipura I the greatest contribution to humanity in the quest for life perfectness, namely: the teachings of Dewa Ruci. It provides answers to the problem of ‘from where’ and ‘where’ of human existence. From the perspective of Javanese tradition, the change of the container by declaring itself a Muslim who upholds that the Shariah creates no obstacles. Provided that the person maintains his Javanese belief in his efforts to achieve ma’rifat, which in Javanese is called “pamoring kawula Gusti” (unity between the Servant and God)
This interpretation of Serat Cabolek accepted by most Indonesian scholars is based on S. Soebardi 1975 translation and interpretation of Serat Cabolek. Ricklefs in his 1998 work The Seen and Unseen Worlds in Java, 1726-1749: History, Literature and Islam in the Court of Pakubuwana II disputes Yasadipura I authorship and believes that Serat Cabolek was about the dangers of Kyai with a poor understanding of Islam propagating it.
In this section I will provide a brief overview of the development of Islam in Tanah Jawa for the four periods.

SULTAN AGUNG (1613) TO JAVA WAR (1825-30)

The presence of Muslims was already seen in the Majapahit court by the mid-15th century by burial markers with Arabic writing on them. In the early 1500s there were well established communities of foreign Muslims in the North Coast of Java (Pesisir) - Malays, Arabs, Chinese. By the end of 1400s, the Majapahit was on its last legs; however, Muslims Sultanates that came after it, like Demak and Pahang were short lived and weak. The conversion of Javanese to Islam during from the fall of the Majapahit (1526) to the Peace of Gayatri (1755) can be characterized by several attributes.
  1. It was ad hoc, haphazard and multifaceted. Sometimes people converted because their lord converted, sometimes because of traveling preachers and later on concerted efforts by pesantrens. By the time, Sultan Agung established the Javanese Islamic Calendar in 1634, only pesisir was Islamized and the majority of the peasantry in the interior were most likely still non-Muslim. The reasons why I suspect this was the case was when Sultan Agung attacked Wali stronghold in Giri, written accounts talk about non--Javanese troops defending the stronghold, but little mention surrounding Javanese rising up and defending Giri. Also under Sultan Agung there were religious villages were given tax breaks, meaning it was rare enough that it had to be encouraged..
  2. Conversion of the Javanese to Islam was slow because of the following three reasons a) The Javanese made up more than 50% of the population of Maritime SEA in the 1600s. Most of the missionaries or preachers were either foreign (Arab, Indian or Chinese) or from ethnic groups like the Malays. Minang that were much smaller in number than the Javanese b) They were most Dharmic influenced region in Indonesia much more so than the Sundanese c) For more than two hundreds years after the collapse of the Majapahit, Tanah Jawa was beset by constant warfare.
  3. Javanese rulers both advanced and curbed Islam's spread. Unlike, rulers in other parts of the archipelago, the Javanese rulers conversion to Islam didn't necessarily mean his subjects followed. The Javanese rulers didn't gain their legitimacy through their association with Islam. From end of Sultan Agung reign in 1645, it wasn't for another hundred years that a Mataram leader took the title of Sultan. During this period from 1613-1755 there were two periods of strong Islamization, one under Sultan Agung from 1634-1645, and under Ratu Pakubuwana 1690-1732. Some scholar believed Islamization continued after Sultan Agung, I believed there was a pause for fifty years until the reign of Ratu Pakubuwana.
  4. The majority of Javanese prior to 19th century most likely still saw religion in Eastern syncretic terms than a defined Western / Abrahamic view of religion. The problem is we don't know much about Islam in Java prior to 19th century. In Adrian Vicker 1987 work Hinduism and Islam in Indonesia: Bali and the Pasisir World he describes communities in Bali in the 19th century that used Islamic incantations and called upon Allah and other prophets. The Balinese attitude toward Islam was varied, and it was largely among the priestly caste were it was antagonistic. I assume the Javanese farmer in 18th century would have a similar view of belief, he might visit Muslim Kyai for a blessing, but also a dukun.
By the beginning of the 19th century the vast majority of Javanese identify with Islam; however, they still believed there were tensions between Javanese culture and Islam, and being Javanese didn't equal being Muslim. The intervening period from Sultan Agung's death in 1649 to rule of Ratu Pakubuwana in 1690. Islamization stalled as a result of Amangkurat I purge of 6000 ulama and their families in 1648. Thus, in the interior of Java, there was only a century of strong Islamization between 1600-1800 (The last decade under Sultan Agung and after 1700). Secondly, the Hindu Blambangan in East Java only fell in 1771. Its nobility converted to Islam after 1770s, and there there were still Hindu communities in the Blambangan (outside the Tenggar region) well into the 19th century. Thirdly, in the Javanese epic Serat Centhini released in 1814, the characters Jayengsari and Rancangkapti visit Hindu societies in the Tenggar region. They discuss religion with the Hindu figure Ki Ajar Satmoko, who replies "My son, while the practice of Islam, Buddhism and Brahmanism are different, the aim is the same - to worship the God Almighty"

END OF JAVA WAR (1830) TO 1965 PURGES

The second period, between the end of the Java until the anti-Communist purges in 1965, was a period of deep changes in Javanese society as you can see from the previous sections, not just in religion, but economics, society and language. Ricklefs in his work Polarising Javanese society: Islamic and other visions c.1830-1930 (2007), where he argues that Javanese society became more polarized. Ricklef notes the principals features of this polarization are
Unfortunately, what he is describing above isn't polarization but fragmentation of Javanese society, with some components entering into a life and death struggle in the Javanese countryside (PKI and NU Muslims). Polarization is defined as the act of dividing something, especially something that contains different people or opinions, into two completely separate groups. What Ricklef is trying to draw parallels to Westerns societies like Netherlands and Germany from end of the Wars of Religion to the 19 to 20th century, where societies were divided between Catholics and Protestants, Catholics would go to their own schools, live in certain neighborhoods and later extend their support to political parties and even football clubs. Javanese society wasn't as polarized and civil society organizations were weaker relative to the state. The pesantren only begun educating a noticeable number of nobility and courtiers in late 17th century. and by 1840s they were already facing competition from colonial and missionary schools Whereas in Europe, the Catholic Church had been operating educational institutions for 400-700 years before the state involved itself in education in 19th century.
A society with a more established and cohesive Muslim identity like West Sumatran society during the Padri Wars 1808-1830 was polarized. What Javanese society experienced in the 19-20th century was cornucopia of ideologies and processes of the 19th and early 20th century - Islamic Modernism, Christianity, Socialism, Hindu-Buddhist Revival, Nationalism, plantation agriculture and industrialization. What you get in such a scenario is fragmentation or more positively diversification
Starting from the early 19th century there was increased contact with the Middle East, and this was noted by the exponential growth in the people traveling on the Hajj from Java from the 1850s to 1920
In 1850, the colonial regime recorded forty-eight such departures and in 1851 only twenty-three. By 1858, however, the figure was 2,283. Similar numbers were found throughout the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with particularly high figures in some years: 5,322 were reported in 1898, 4,530 in1908, 7,614 in 1911 and 15,036 in 1921(in the last case including pilgrims from Madura).
Usually the people who could afford to travel to Mecca were the santri, who were often middle men between the Dutch and the typical abangan villager. One also saw a rapid expansion in students enrolled in the pesantren from 93000 in 1863 to 270,000 in 1890s.
Muhammadiyah was formed in 1912 in Yogyakarta by Ahmad Dahlan. belongs to modernist school, with Dahlan being very much influenced by the Egyptian scholar, Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905). First, Muhammad Abduh believed that Muslims couldn't just rely on medieval interpretations, but should use the two gifts that God had given man - independence of thought and independence of will. Secondly, believed that Islamic religious teachings could be reasoned and rationalized.Thirdly, he believed the Muslims should look forward, and not be held down by tradition and superstition. Some scholars like Mark Woodward have tried to group Islamic modernist organizations like Muhammadiyah with Salafism, because both seek a return to the teachings of the first generation of Muslims (Salaf). But this association is disputed by Muhammadiyah
Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) was formed in 1926 as a traditionalist response to the rise of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia and Islamic Modernism in Indonesia (Muhammadiyah). Many believe NU represents the traditional syncretic Javanese Islam. Generally that is true, however, there are some NU clerics that are very orthodox and more "conservative" than many Muhammadiyah members. To get a clearer understanding, NU should also be seen as a traditional Islamist movement within the wider Muslims world. What does that mean? NU follows Sunni orthodoxy in accepting Shafi'i jurisprudence, Ash'ari or Maturidi theology and Sufism of al-Junayad and al-Ghazali
I would like to briefly elaborate on the differences between NU vs Muhammadiyah within a broader Islamic framework, rather than the usual traditionalist-syncratic vs modernist-orthodox arguments one usually finds in the media, by describing the differences in three key areas. First is the veneration of saints (ie Walisongo), most traditionalist organizations like NU and FPI, veneration of Saints is acceptable for Muslims. For Muhammadiyah and other Islamic modernist is they foster superstition and goes against Tawhid (oneness of God). The difference between Muhammadiyah and Wahhabist in this regard, Muhammadiyah and other modernist organization won't allow followers to worship at shrines of Saints, but won't try to destroy as a Wahhabist would. In addition, for Muhammadiyah, worshiping at shrine/artefacts devoted to Muhammad is consistent with Tawhid, while for many Wahhabist it is not. The second aspect is interpreting the Quran. NU belongs to Ashʿari, the foremost school of theology in Sunni Islam, which believes that interpretations of the Quran (Tafsir) and the Hadith should keep developing with the aid of older interpretations. It was founded by Abu al-Hasan al-Ashʿari. Puritanical critics of Ash'ari (ie Wahhabist) have accused it of lack of literalism and speculative interpretation. Most early Muhammadiyah thinkers saw themselves as rationalist Ash'aris. Lastly, is Muhammadiyah sought to limit the importance of Taqlid. Taqlid is an Islamic terminology denoting the conformity of one person to the teaching of another. Ideally for Islamic Modernist, people should reach their own conclusions about the Quran and not "blindly" follow the interpretations of others. This is where most of the early conflicts between NU and Muhammadiyah, because many of the Javanese Kyai had developed what Ahmad Dahlan saw as often heretical interpretations of the Quran. There was also the practice of Kyai offering blessings for money, which Dahlan saw as abuse of religious authority.
However, this increasing orthodoxy of Islam in Java in the 19th century, led to the gradual development of a abangan and santri identity, The first mention of abangan was by the Dutch missionary, W. Hoezoo in 1855, in which he translated the abangan (the reds), as being profane or secular. This was further followed by Ganswijk who reported from Kediri in 1856
Whoever among ordinary Javanese is, for whatever reasons, attracted to religion then takes himself to a school where an aged Javanese teacher reading, praying, singing etc in Arabic. Then goes goes to the mosque and lo longer belongs to the lay "red population" (bangsa abangan, ' the stupid multitude who don't know the law, but rather to the bangsa putihan (the white stocks, the holy ones)
Until the first decades of 20th most abangan were not conscious of their identity, since it was term used by the santri to describes those less religious. For example, most Javanese who had converted to Christianity were abangan, and the main reason for converting was to gain higher social status, education, money, rather than a dissatisfaction with Islam. The same could be said of the priyayi like Albertus Soegijapranata, the first native bishop of the Dutch East Indies.
However, by the 1830-60s, small number of Javanese began to declare Islam as incompatible with being Javanese, and "anti-Islamic" works begin to emerge, calling for the Javanese to return their original religion of Hindu-Buddhism or as some argue a rejection of a purer less Javanese versions of Islam. The three works are Babad Kedhiri (1873), Suluk Gatholoco (1872 latest) and Serat Dermagandhul (1873). The dates shown are the published dates or were first noticed by Dutch missionaries. Scholars suspect these three text were written sometime after Java War, 1830 to 1860s. All three texts were met with protest in 1910-20 and banned under Order Baru; however, since 1998 all three works have been republished. The authorship of the works is unknown, for example, some have attributed Darmagandhul to Ronggawarsita or to Tunggul Wulung.
Babad Kediri claims to reveal the secret his­tory of the triumph of Islam in Java. The fall of Majapahit, the last and greatest of the pre-Islamic kingdoms, was ascribed to the treachery of the first Sultan of Demak and his close advi­sors from the wall. A crucial figure in the story is Sabda Palon, who advises the king of Majapahit, Brawijaya V, to persevere in his Hindu-Buddhist faith, and is later revealed to be Semar. Suluk Gatoloco describes the journey of a talking penis (gato-penis, loco - masterbate) in a mystical-dystopian Java travelling between opium dens, brothels and pensatren. He has multiple sexual adventures, makes fools of the kiai, proclaims Muhammad to be an opium smoker, religion of Islam is a religion for Arabs. The confes­sion of faith is explained as a metaphor for sexual intercourse, and Kala­mullah (the word of God) is interpreted as sexual penetration, Serat Darmagandhul (Darma - together and gandhul - hanging testicle) combines the historical revisionism of Babad Kediri with the ribald iconoclasm of Suluk Gatoloco. Islamisation is again a great mistake perpetrated upon the Javanese by dishonourable Sultan of Demak and the Wali, Upon their victory, these traitors burn all the buda books to prevent Javanese from reverting to their old faith. The poem ends with a prophecy that Java will revert back to the old religion from Islam.
There are many interpretation of these works, and even though the works are fictional, they ended up impacting how some Javanese view religion, history and society well into the 20th century. . Alot of New Javanese literature (Sastra Jawa Baru) which covers Javanese literature written from 18th to 19th century, even those which have mystical / historical settings are often political and social commentary of the period in which the work was created. There are three major social and political themes
Zeman Eden
The three works can be seen within the context of Ranggawarsita 's Zaman Eden theme in his Serat Kalatidha (1860), particularly Suluk Gatholoco and Serat Darmagandhul. A journey of walking and talking penis having debates with the ulema, in between visiting opium dens and having sex pretty much expresses the craziness. The most likely period in which the works were written (1830-60s) was the low point in Javanese civilization. Diponegoro's rebellion had failed and Java was controlled by the Dutch with the Javanese peasants working under the Cultivation System with the Santri, Chinese and Priyayi all playing a hand in the colonial machinery. As they were being exploited, little money they had left was often was spent on Opium being sold by the Chinese with proceeds collected by both the Dutch and Sultanates.
Knowledge and Learning
In Darmagandhul the author constantly plays with the words buda (what he refers to as the old religion of Java - Hindu Buddhism) and budi (culture/ knowledge), While some have accused the Dermagandhul of advocating for conversion to Christianity, the author praises Christianity because they put knowledge and learning as their Gods. The Javanese epic Serat Centhini (1814) setups the discourse in Suluk Gatoloco. In Serat Centhini the nobility and priest don't have magical powers, and knowledge (ngelmu) is in the hands of skilled professional and compilers. Gatoloco special ability is his matchless skill in langauge and argument. In the Suluk Gatoloco the protagonist wins debates with the Kyai not through magic, but through wit and worldly knowledge and street smarts, Gatococo mocking of the Santri in his debates could be seen an attack on orthodox forms of Islam, but its also an attack on Islam in Java with its esoteric sufi interpretations. This focus on knowledge and learning should be seen within the context of the Cultivation System and interaction with the Dutch, where Javanese society was taught the importance of working based on production and against the clock 2) The presence of Western education brought by missionary and colonial government introduced the native elite to Western science and learning.
This criticism of pensatren amd Santri should be seen in the context of much greater choice in education opportunities for the Javanese upper classes in 1860-70s. In the early 19th century, for Javanese nobility, education either meant being educated by tutors at home or going to a pesantren. Now they had the choice of schools setup by the colonial government and missionary schools (Protestant and Catholic). Moreover, for Javanese girls of noble birth, the missionary schools provided their first opportunity for a formal education. NU didn't setup schools for girls until the 1930s.
Javanism and Returning to Buda
All three works have an anti-Islamic theme, and in Kediri and Darmagandhul they also call for Javanese society to revert back to its Javanese-Hindu-Buddhist roots (referred to as Buda), and to turn away from Islam. Sabdo Pulon's denouncing of Brawijaya conversion to Islam in the Serat Darmagandhul makes clear that Islam was a civilization mistake. Both Gatoloco and Darmagandhul are also works of Javanese chauvinism, and makes repeatedly attacks on Arabs and Chinese, the first public criticism of Darmagandhul were from the Chinese Indonesian community in 1920s, Muslims follow shortly thereafter.
Since the fall of the Majapahit, rulers have used the mantle of restored Majapahit to rally support. However, Javanese revivalism of the 19th century shouldn't just been seen is Majapahit restoration or anti-Islam, but within a broader Asian Hindu-Buddhist revival created in part by European excavation and restoration of archaeological sites, and Western interest in Eastern religions (Buddhism and Hinduism). Lastly, while there had been contact between Java and Bali during 17-18th century, but on the Javanese side it was limited to hiring Balinese as advisors and mercenaries. The reduced rivalry after the fall of the Blambangan and Dutch control of parts of Bali in 19th century, saw greater contact between the Javanese elite and Bali. Ronggawarsita (1802-1873), the last great court poet of the Javanese Kraton, in his youth went to Bali to study Old Javanese works. By the 1870s, one version of the Darmagandhul was found in Bali
Some of the theme touched upon by these works manifest directly or indirectly later in social and political movements. The Javanese nationalism/chauvinism and desire for Western knowledge form the basis for Taman Siswa and Budi Utomo. These works foreshadow the coming tensions between the santri and abangan dominated PKI in the 1960-60s, down to sexual themes. The story of Sabdo Palon in Darmagandhul is taken seriously among Kejawen Javanese, Hindu Javanese and Balinese, and helps forms the basis for Hindu revivalism in Java

ANTI COMMUNIST PURGES 1965 TO FALL OF SUHARTO 1998

The Anti-Communist purges while being labelled by some as a "genocide", were by Javanese standards not the most catarophic event in terms of lives lost as % of the population, that would belong either to the Java War of 1825-30 and the Japanese occupation between 1942-45. Secondly, the religious impact on Javanese society was just as profound as the political impact, brought about by Indonesian government's religious policies which have been closely associated with the 1965 events. The impact of these religious policies fall into two interlinked processes. the Bureaucratization of Religion and the Abrahamization of Religion.
Bureaucratization and Abrahamization of Religion
In January 27, 1965, Sukarno signed PENETAPAN PRESIDEN REPUBLIK INDONESIA NOMOR 1/PNPS TAHUN 1965 (1/PNPS/1965) after pressure from conservative Muslim leaders. The contents of the law itself talks about making sure religions aren't misinterpretation. But it was explanation at the back of the law, that provided as to why it was passed
Telah ternyata, bahwa pada akhir-akhir ini hampir di seluruh Indonesia tidak sedikit timbul aliran-aliran atau organisasi kebatinan/kepercayaan masyarakat yang bertentangan dengan ajaran-ajaran dan hukum Agama. Diantara ajaran-ajaran/perbuatan-perbuatan pada pemeluk aliran-aliran tersebut sudah banyak yang telah menimbulkan hal-hal yang melanggar hukum, memecah persatuan Nasional dan menodai Agama. Dari kenyataan teranglah, bahwa aliran-aliran atau Organisasi-organisasi kebatinan/kepercayaan masyarakat yang menyalah-gunakan dan/atau mempergunakan Agama sebagai pokok, pada akhir-akhir ini bertambah banyak dan telah berkembang kearah yang sangat membahayakan Agama-agama yang ada.
At the time Sukarno was being pressured by Conservative Muslim to restrict the activities of people who practised indigenous faiths. Further in the explanation section of the law it elaborated the six main religions followed by Indonesians Islam, Buddhism, Protestantism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism. However, it doesn't mean other religions can't be practiced, but they don;t get any official support.
The law had three effects on Indonesian religious life, and of all the Muslim majority ethnic groups, the Javanese were impacted the most. First, it "forced" many nominal Muslims or follower of kejawen to pick one of the five officials religions (Confucianism have been removed in 1967). While most put down Islam, many of them picked Christianity An estimated two million nominal Muslims (mostly Javanese) converted to Christianity from 1965-70. In East Java, Gereja Kristen Jawa Timur baptized 10,000 from July to August 1966 People did so out of fear of being accused of being a PKI member for not having a religion.. They choose Christianity, because the path to becoming a Christian was clear and relatively quick. The reason for this speed at which people converted was because by 1967, the government added a religion column to identification papers, which none had existed before.
Secondly, in line with the law there was renewed effort to Abrahamize religion in Indonesia by laying down the religious doctrine of each of the five official religions and than controlling them through a Directorate General in the Department of Religious Affairs. All of the five religions were supposed to have a set of religious text (kitab). For Balinese Hindus the process had begun in the mid-1950s. In addition, the two Eastern religions of Buddhism and Hinduism, where made more monotheistic so to be in line with the first Sila of Pancasila, Ketuhanan Maha Esa. The first President of the Indonesian Buddhist Organization, Bhikku Ashin Jinarakkhita, proposed that there was a single supreme deity, Sanghyang Adi Buddha, In Buddhism, the question of whether there is a supreme being or not, is not an important question.
Thirdly, the New Order government enforced this clearer religious divide, by increasing the number of teachers of religion, and the number of religion classes. Each student was supposed to be taught his assigned religion. Under Sukarno,, a teacher might show up once a month or often not at all.

The Modern Javanese Identity (Part III)

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2019.12.01 06:12 annadpk Javanese Islamization and Fragmentation (Part II)

ISLAMIZATION AND FRAGMENTATION / DIVERSIFICATION

This is a very complicated topic. For much of history, Javanese looked at religion and beliefs from an Eastern perspective. Prior to becoming Muslims, all Javanese didn't distinguish between agama and adat, there was only "agama". Adat is an Arabic term for customs. Agama in Sanskrit means teaching / precepts that have come down or literally means tradition. In Hinduism, Agama text are divide into 3 branches Shaivism (Shiva), Vaishnavism (Vishnu), and Shaktism (Devi). They are separate from Vedas. Vedic form of worship requires no shrine and ritual. Agama involves puja (rituals) to idols. Best way to describe it is Vedas are "pure science" and Agama "applied science" It is more complicated, but it is the best way to describe the difference. Some Agamas are pre-vedic, some are post-vedic, some are separate from the vedas, others aren't.
Most Indians can tell you that a lot of Malay/Javanese wedding rituals are very similar to Indian ones. What reformist Muslim and the Dutch did during the 19th century was separate adat from agama.
To illustrate this further, the Javanese believe that Agama is like Agemen, or clothes in Javanese Krama. It is different from what is inside. So the ritual (Agama) can change, but what is inside is more immutable. What is interesting is how close the words Agama and Ageman are, which isn't coincidence, because agama in Sanskrit can also mean to appear or to be present.
The Javanese also viewed beliefs syncretically. This means while they treated Hinduism and Buddhism as separate, individuals can worship Hindu deities and the Buddha. Javanese Buddhism were Mahayana Buddhism like in East Asia rather than Theravada Buddhism like in Mainland SEA, there are more similarities with Japan/China than countries in Mainland SEA. Majapahit Queen Regents could rule as Hindus, and retire to a Buddhist nunnery, similar to the way some Japanese emperors would retire to a Buddhist monastery. This is different from India, where there was significant tension between Hinduism and Buddhism. The the verse in Kakawin Sutasoma, where Bhinneka Tunggal Ika comes from, symbolizes this syncretism.
GEERTZ VS RICKLEFS
Clifford Geertz in his famous work "Religion of Java" divides Javanese society into three groups - Abangan, Santri and Priyayi. While many consider Geertz outdated, its still relevant today, because many Indonesians still use these terms when talking about the Javanese approach to religion. While Ricklefs share some of the common criticism of Geertz like romanticizing beliefs of abangan and down playing the role of Islam. Ricklefs main criticism of Geertz is Geertz assumes the abangan and priyayi have always existed without putting it in a historical context. Ricklefs in his book Mystic synthesis in Java: A history of Islamisation from the fourteenth to the early nineteenth centuries (2006) argues by early 19th century, Javanese society had adopted a mystic synthesis
I argue in my book Mystic synthesis in Java (Ricklefs forthcoming, especially 204-5, 214-17) that by the early nineteenth century a synthesis of 1. firm Islamic identity, 2. observation of Islam’s five pillars, and 3. acceptance of indigenous spiritual forces, all within the capacious boundaries of what Javanese understood Sufism to be, was found not only among the elite but also – so far as we can see from the limited evidence – among Javanese commoners
While I have criticism of Geertz, Ricklefs theory has more problems than answers, among them being:
However, it wasn't clear to Javanese scholars and courtiers in the late 18th century that Islam had achieved the Ricklef's mystical synthesis. In Serat Cabolek, supposedly written by Raden Ngabehi Yasadipura I, the famous Surakarta court poet of 18th century, highlights the tensions between orthodox Islam and Javanese beliefs. Yasadipura I views
The Shari’a as a container, not as the contents of the spiritual life. Shari’a is essential as a guide that is central to human outward life, but more important is the spiritual content. The ultimate goal of the human spiritual life is to know ‘from where’ and ‘where’ life is. In other words, it is to know himself that in reality is a manifestation of God. For Yasadipura I the greatest contribution to humanity in the quest for life perfectness, namely: the teachings of Dewa Ruci. It provides answers to the problem of ‘from where’ and ‘where’ of human existence. From the perspective of Javanese tradition, the change of the container by declaring itself a Muslim who upholds that the Shariah creates no obstacles. Provided that the person maintains his Javanese belief in his efforts to achieve ma’rifat, which in Javanese is called “pamoring kawula Gusti” (unity between the Servant and God)
This interpretation of Serat Cabolek accepted by most Indonesian scholars is based on S. Soebardi 1975 translation and interpretation of Serat Cabolek. Ricklefs in his 1998 work The Seen and Unseen Worlds in Java, 1726-1749: History, Literature and Islam in the Court of Pakubuwana II disputes Yasadipura I authorship and believes that Serat Cabolek was about the dangers of Kyai with a poor understanding of Islam propagating it.
In this section I will provide a brief overview of the development of Islam in Tanah Jawa for the four periods.
SULTAN AGUNG (1613) TO JAVA WAR (1825-30)
The presence of Muslims was already seen in the Majapahit court by the mid-15th century by burial markers with Arabic writing on them. In the early 1500s there were well established communities of foreign Muslims in the North Coast of Java (Pesisir) - Malays, Arabs, Chinese. By the end of 1400s, the Majapahit was on its last legs; however, Muslims Sultanates that came after it, like Demak and Pahang were short lived and weak. The conversion of Javanese to Islam during from the fall of the Majapahit (1526) to the Peace of Gayatri (1755) can be characterized by several attributes.
  1. It was ad hoc, haphazard and multifaceted. Sometimes people converted because their lord converted, sometimes because of traveling preachers and later on concerted efforts by pesantrens. By the time, Sultan Agung established the Javanese Islamic Calendar in 1634, only pesisir was Islamized and the majority of the peasantry in the interior were most likely still non-Muslim. The reasons why I suspect this was the case was when Sultan Agung attacked Wali stronghold in Giri, written accounts talk about non--Javanese troops defending the stronghold, but little mention surrounding Javanese rising up and defending Giri. Also under Sultan Agung there were religious villages were given tax breaks, meaning it was rare enough that it had to be encouraged..
  2. Conversion of the Javanese to Islam was slow because of the following three reasons a) The Javanese made up more than 50% of the population of Maritime SEA in the 1600s. Most of the missionaries or preachers were either foreign (Arab, Indian or Chinese) or from ethnic groups like the Malays. Minang that were much smaller in number than the Javanese b) They were most Dharmic influenced region in Indonesia much more so than the Sundanese c) For more than two hundreds years after the collapse of the Majapahit, Tanah Jawa was beset by constant warfare.
  3. Javanese rulers both advanced and curbed Islam's spread. Unlike, rulers in other parts of the archipelago, the Javanese rulers conversion to Islam didn't necessarily mean his subjects followed. The Javanese rulers didn't gain their legitimacy through their association with Islam. From end of Sultan Agung reign in 1645, it wasn't for another hundred years that a Mataram leader took the title of Sultan. During this period from 1613-1755 there were two periods of strong Islamization, one under Sultan Agung from 1634-1645, and under Ratu Pakubuwana 1690-1732. Some scholar believed Islamization continued after Sultan Agung, I believed there was a pause for fifty years until the reign of Ratu Pakubuwana.
  4. The majority of Javanese prior to 19th century most likely still saw religion in Eastern syncretic terms than a defined Western / Abrahamic view of religion. The problem is we don't know much about Islam in Java prior to 19th century. In Adrian Vicker 1987 work Hinduism and Islam in Indonesia: Bali and the Pasisir World he describes communities in Bali in the 19th century that used Islamic incantations and called upon Allah and other prophets. The Balinese attitude toward Islam was varied, and it was largely among the priestly caste were it was antagonistic. I assume the Javanese farmer in 18th century would have a similar view of belief, he might visit Muslim Kyai for a blessing, but also a dukun.
By the beginning of the 19th century the vast majority of Javanese identify with Islam; however, they still believed there were tensions between Javanese culture and Islam, and being Javanese didn't equal being Muslim. The intervening period from Sultan Agung's death in 1649 to rule of Ratu Pakubuwana in 1690. Islamization stalled as a result of Amangkurat I purge of 6000 ulama and their families in 1648. Thus, in the interior of Java, there was only a century of strong Islamization between 1600-1800s (The last decade under Sultan Agung and after 1700). Secondly, the Hindu Blambangan in East Java only fell in 1771. Its nobility converted to Islam after 1770s, and there there were still Hindu communities in the Blambangan (outside the Tenggar region) well into the 19th century. Thirdly, in the Javanese epic Serat Centhini released in 1814, the characters Jayengsari and Rancangkapti visit Hindu societies in the Tenggar region. They discuss religion with the Hindu figure Ki Ajar Satmoko, who replies "My son, while the practice of Islam, Buddhism and Brahmanism are different, the aim is the same - to worship the God Almighty"
END OF JAVA WAR (1830) TO 1965 PURGES
The second period, between the end of the Java until the anti-Communist purges in 1965, was a period of deep changes in Javanese society as you can see from the previous sections, not just in religion, but economics, society and language. Ricklefs in his work Polarising Javanese society: Islamic and other visions c.1830-1930 (2007), where he argues that Javanese society became more polarized. Ricklef notes the principals features of this polarization are
Unfortunately, what he is describing above isn't polarization but fragmentation of Javanese society, with some components entering into a life and death struggle in the Javanese countryside (PKI and NU Muslims). Polarization is defined as the act of dividing something, especially something that contains different people or opinions, into two completely separate groups. What Ricklef is trying to draw parallels to Westerns societies like Netherlands and Germany from end of the Wars of Religion to the 19 to 20th century, where societies were divided between Catholics and Protestants, Catholics would go to their own schools, live in certain neighborhoods and later extend their support to political parties and even football clubs. Javanese society wasn't as polarized and civil society organizations were weaker relative to the state. The pesantren only begun educating a noticeable number of nobility and courtiers in late 17th century. and by 1840s they were already facing competition from colonial and missionary schools Whereas in Europe, the Catholic Church had been operating educational institutions for 400-700 years before the state involved itself in education in 19th century.
A society with a more established and cohesive Muslim identity like West Sumatran society during the Padri Wars 1808-1830 was polarized. What Javanese society experienced in the 19-20th century was cornucopia of ideologies and processes of the 19th and early 20th century - Islamic Modernism, Christianity, Socialism, Hindu-Buddhist Revival, Nationalism, plantation agriculture and industrialization. What you get in such a scenario is fragmentation or more positively diversification
Starting from the early 19th century there was increased contact with the Middle East, and this was noted by the exponential growth in the people traveling on the Hajj from Java from the 1850s to 1920
In 1850, the colonial regime recorded forty-eight such departures and in 1851 only twenty-three. By 1858, however, the figure was 2,283. Similar numbers were found throughout the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with particularly high figures in some years: 5,322 were reported in 1898, 4,530 in1908, 7,614 in 1911 and 15,036 in 1921(in the last case including pilgrims from Madura).
Usually the people who could afford to travel to Mecca were the santri, who were often middle men between the Dutch and the typical abangan villager. One also saw a rapid expansion in students enrolled in the pesantren from 93000 in 1863 to 270,000 in 1890s.
Muhammadiyah was formed in 1812 in Yogyakarta by Ahmad Dahlan. belongs to modernist school, with Dahlan being very much influenced by the Egyptian scholar, Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905). First, Muhammad Abduh believed that Muslims couldn't just rely on medieval interpretations, but should use the two gifts that God had given man - independence of thought and independence of will. Secondly, believed that Islamic religious teachings could be reasoned and rationalized.Thirdly, he believed the Muslims should look forward, and not be held down by tradition and superstition. Some scholars like Mark Woodward have tried to group Islamic modernist organizations like Muhammadiyah with Salafism, because both seek a return to the teachings of the first generation of Muslims (Salaf). But this association is disputed by Muhammadiyah
Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) was formed in 1926 as a traditionalist response to the rise of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia and Islamic Modernism in Indonesia (Muhammadiyah). Many believe NU represents the traditional syncretic Javanese Islam. Generally that is true, however, there are some NU clerics that are very orthodox and more "conservative" than many Muhammadiyah members. To get a clearer understanding, NU should also be seen as a traditional Islamist movement within the wider Muslims world. What does that mean? NU follows Sunni orthodoxy in accepting Shafi'i jurisprudence, Ash'ari or Maturidi theology and Sufism of al-Junayad and al-Ghazali
I would like to briefly elaborate on the differences between NU vs Muhammadiyah within a broader Islamic framework, rather than the usual traditionalist-syncratic vs modernist-orthodox arguments one usually finds in the media, by describing the differences in three key areas. First is the veneration of saints (ie Walisongo), most traditionalist organizations like NU and FPI, veneration of Saints is acceptable for Muslims. For Muhammadiyah and other Islamic modernist is they foster superstition and goes against Tawhid (oneness of God). The difference between Muhammadiyah and Wahhabist in this regard, Muhammadiyah and other modernist organization won't allow followers to worship at shrines of Saints, but won't try to destroy as a Wahhabist would. In addition, for Muhammadiyah, worshiping at shrine/artefacts devoted to Muhammad is consistent with Tawhid, while for many Wahhabist it is not. The second aspect is interpreting the Quran. NU belongs to Ashʿari, the foremost school of theology in Sunni Islam, which believes that interpretations of the Quran (Tafsir) and the Hadith should keep developing with the aid of older interpretations. It was founded by Abu al-Hasan al-Ashʿari. Puritanical critics of Ash'ari (ie Wahhabist) have accused it of lack of literalism and speculative interpretation. Most early Muhammadiyah thinkers saw themselves as rationalist Ash'aris. Lastly, is Muhammadiyah sought to limit the importance of Taqlid. Taqlid is an Islamic terminology denoting the conformity of one person to the teaching of another. Ideally for Islamic Modernist, people should reach their own conclusions about the Quran and not "blindly" follow the interpretations of others. This is where most of the early conflicts between NU and Muhammadiyah, because many of the Javanese Kyai had developed what Ahmad Dahlan saw as often heretical interpretations of the Quran. There was also the practice of Kyai offering blessings for money, which Dahlan saw as abuse of religious authority.
However, this increasing orthodoxy of Islam in Java in the 19th century, led to the gradual development of a abangan and santri identity, The first mention of abangan was by the Dutch missionary, W. Hoezoo in 1855, in which he translated the abangan (the reds), as being profane or secular. This was further followed by Ganswijk who reported from Kediri in 1856
Whoever among ordinary Javanese is, for whatever reasons, attracted to religion then takes himself to a school where an aged Javanese teacher reading, praying, singing etc in Arabic. Then goes goes to the mosque and lo longer belongs to the lay "red population" (bangsa abangan, ' the stupid multitude who don't know the law, but rather to the bangsa putihan (the white stocks, the holy ones)
Until the first decades of 20th most abangan were not conscious of their identity, since it was term used by the santri to describes those less religious. For example, most Javanese who had converted to Christianity were abangan, and the main reason for converting was to gain higher social status, education, money, rather than a dissatisfaction with Islam. The same could be said of the priyayi like Albertus Soegijapranata, the first native bishop of the Dutch East Indies.
However, by the 1830-60s, small number of Javanese began to declare Islam as incompatible with being Javanese, and "anti-Islamic" works begin to emerge, calling for the Javanese to return their original religion of Hindu-Buddhism or as some argue a rejection of a purer less Javanese versions of Islam. The three works are Babad Kedhiri (1873), Suluk Gatholoco (1872 latest) and Serat Dermagandhul (1873). The dates shown are the published dates or were first noticed by Dutch missionaries. Scholars suspect these three text were written sometime after Java War, 1830 to 1860s. All three texts were met with protest in 1910-20 and banned under Order Baru; however, since 1998 all three works have been republished. The authorship of the works is unknown, for example, some have attributed Darmagandhul to Ronggawarsita or to Tunggul Wulung.
Babad Kediri claims to reveal the secret his­tory of the triumph of Islam in Java. The fall of Majapahit, the last and greatest of the pre-Islamic kingdoms, was ascribed to the treachery of the first Sultan of Demak and his close advi­sors from the wall. A crucial figure in the story is Sabda Palon, who advises the king of Majapahit, Brawijaya V, to persevere in his Hindu-Buddhist faith, and is later revealed to be Semar. Suluk Gatoloco describes the journey of a talking penis (gato-penis, loco - masterbate) in a mystical-dystopian Java travelling between opium dens, brothels and pensatren. He has multiple sexual adventures, makes fools of the kiai, proclaims Muhammad to be an opium smoker, religion of Islam is a religion for Arabs. The confes­sion of faith is explained as a metaphor for sexual intercourse, and Kala­mullah (the word of God) is interpreted as sexual penetration, Serat Darmagandhul (Darma - together and gandhul - hanging testicle) combines the historical revisionism of Babad Kediri with the ribald iconoclasm of Suluk Gatoloco. Islamisation is again a great mistake perpetrated upon the Javanese by dishonourable Sultan of Demak and the Wali, Upon their victory, these traitors burn all the buda books to prevent Javanese from reverting to their old faith. The poem ends with a prophecy that Java will revert back to the old religion from Islam.
There are many interpretation of these works, and even though the works are fictional, they ended up impacting how some Javanese view religion, history and society well into the 20th century. . Alot of New Javanese literature (Sastra Jawa Baru) which covers Javanese literature written from 18th to 19th century, even those which have mystical / historical settings are often political and social commentary of the period in which the work was created. There are three major social and political themes
Zeman Eden
The three works can be seen within the context of Ranggawarsita 's Zaman Eden theme in his Serat Kalatidha (1860), particularly Suluk Gatoloco and Serat Darmagandhul. A journey of walking and talking penis having debates with the ulema, in between visiting opium dens and having sex pretty much expresses the craziness. The most likely period in which the works were written (1830-60s) was the low point in Javanese civilization. Diponegoro's rebellion had failed and Java was controlled by the Dutch with the Javanese peasants working under the Cultivation System with the Santri, Chinese and Priyayi all playing a hand in the colonial machinery. As they were being exploited, little money they had left was often was spent on Opium being sold by the Chinese with proceeds collected by both the Dutch and Sultanates.
Knowledge and Learning
In Darmagandhul the author constantly plays with the words buda (what he refers to as the old religion of Java - Hindu Buddhism) and budi (culture/ knowledge), While some have accused the Dermagandhul of advocating for conversion to Christianity, the author praises Christianity because they put knowledge and learning as their Gods. The Javanese epic Serat Centhini (1814) setups the discourse in Suluk Gatholoco. In Serat Centhini the nobility and priest don't have magical powers, and knowledge (ngelmu) is in the hands of skilled professional and compilers. Gatoloco special ability is his matchless skill in langauge and argument. In the Suluk Gatholoco the protagonist wins debates with the Kyai not through magic, but through wit and worldly knowledge and street smarts, Gathococo mocking of the Santri in his debates could be seen an attack on orthodox forms of Islam, but its also an attack on Islam in Java with its esoteric sufi interpretations. This focus on knowledge and learning should be seen within the context of the Cultivation System and interaction with the Dutch, where Javanese society was taught the importance of working based on production and against the clock 2) The presence of Western education brought by missionary and colonial government introduced the native elite to Western science and learning.
This criticism of pensatren amd Santri should be seen in the context of much greater choice in education opportunities for the Javanese upper classes in 1860-70s. In the early 19th century, for Javanese nobility, education either meant being educated by tutors at home or going to a pesantren. Now they had the choice of schools setup by the colonial government and missionary schools (Protestant and Catholic). Moreover, for Javanese girls of noble birth, the missionary schools provided their first opportunity for a formal education. NU didn't setup schools for girls until the 1930s.
Javanism and Returning to Buda
All three works have an anti-Islamic theme, and in Kediri and Darmagandhul they also call for Javanese society to revert back to its Javanese-Hindu-Buddhist roots (referred to as Buda), and to turn away from Islam. Sabdo Pulon's denouncing of Brawijaya conversion to Islam in the Serat Darmagandhul makes clear that Islam was a civilization mistake. Both Gatoloco and Darmagandhul are also works of Javanese chauvinism, and makes repeatedly attacks on Arabs and Chinese, the first public criticism of Darmagandhul were from the Chinese Indonesian community in 1920s, Muslims follow shortly thereafter.
Since the fall of the Majapahit, rulers have used the mantle of restored Majapahit to rally support. However, Javanese revivalism of the 19th century shouldn't just been seen is Majapahit restoration or anti-Islam, but within a broader Asian Hindu-Buddhist revival created in part by European excavation and restoration of archaeological sites, and Western interest in Eastern religions (Buddhism and Hinduism). Lastly, while there had been contact between Java and Bali during 17-18th century, but on the Javanese side it was limited to hiring Balinese as advisors and mercenaries. The reduced rivalry after the fall of the Blambangan and Dutch control of parts of Bali in 19th century, saw greater contact between the Javanese elite and Bali. Ronggawarsita (1802-1873), the last great court poet of the Javanese Kraton, in his youth went to Bali to study Old Javanese works. By the 1870s, one version of the Darmagandhul was found in Bali
Some of the theme touched upon by these works manifest directly or indirectly later in social and political movements. The Javanese nationalism/chauvinism and desire for Western knowledge form the basis for Taman Siswa and Budi Utomo. These works foreshadow the coming tensions between the santri and abangan dominated PKI in the 1960-60s, down to sexual themes. The story of Sabdo Palon in Darmagandhul is taken seriously among Kejawen Javanese, Hindu Javanese and Balinese, and helps forms the basis for Hindu revivalism in Java
ANTI COMMUNIST PURGES 1965 TO FALL OF SUHARTO 1998
The Anti-Communist purges while being labelled by some as a "genocide", were by Javanese standards not the most catarophic event in terms of lives lost as % of the population, that would belong either to the Java War of 1825-30 and the Japanese occupation between 1942-45. Secondly, the religious impact on Javanese society was just as profound as the political impact, brought about by Indonesian government's religious policies which have been closely associated with the 1965 events. The impact of these religious policies fall into two interlinked processes. the Bureaucratization of Religion and the Abrahamization of Religion.
Bureaucratization and Abrahamization of Religion
In January 27, 1965, Sukarno signed PENETAPAN PRESIDEN REPUBLIK INDONESIA NOMOR 1/PNPS TAHUN 1965 (1/PNPS/1965) after pressure from conservative Muslim leaders. The contents of the law itself talks about making sure religions aren't misinterpretation. But it was explanation at the back of the law, that provided as to why it was passed
Telah ternyata, bahwa pada akhir-akhir ini hampir di seluruh Indonesia tidak sedikit timbul aliran-aliran atau organisasi kebatinan/kepercayaan masyarakat yang bertentangan dengan ajaran-ajaran dan hukum Agama. Diantara ajaran-ajaran/perbuatan-perbuatan pada pemeluk aliran-aliran tersebut sudah banyak yang telah menimbulkan hal-hal yang melanggar hukum, memecah persatuan Nasional dan menodai Agama. Dari kenyataan teranglah, bahwa aliran-aliran atau Organisasi-organisasi kebatinan/kepercayaan masyarakat yang menyalah-gunakan dan/atau mempergunakan Agama sebagai pokok, pada akhir-akhir ini bertambah banyak dan telah berkembang kearah yang sangat membahayakan Agama-agama yang ada.
At the time Sukarno was being pressured by Conservative Muslim to restrict the activities of people who practised indigenous faiths. Further in the explanation section of the law it elaborated the six main religions followed by Indonesians Islam, Buddhism, Protestantism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism. However, it doesn't mean other religions can't be practiced, but they don;t get any official support.
The law had three effects on Indonesian religious life, and of all the Muslim majority ethnic groups, the Javanese were impacted the most. First, it "forced" many nominal Muslims or follower of kejawen to pick one of the five officials religions (Confucianism have been removed in 1967). While most put down Islam, many of them picked Christianity An estimated two million nominal Muslims (mostly Javanese) converted to Christianity from 1965-70. In East Java, Gereja Kristen Jawa Timur baptized 10,000 from July to August 1966 People did so out of fear of being accused of being a PKI member for not having a religion.. They choose Christianity, because the path to becoming a Christian was clear and relatively quick. The reason for this speed at which people converted was because by 1967, the government added a religion column to identification papers, which none had existed before.
Secondly, in line with the law there was renewed effort to Abrahamize religion in Indonesia by laying down the religious doctrine of each of the five official religions and than controlling them through a Directorate General in the Department of Religious Affairs. All of the five religions were supposed to have a set of religious text (kitab). For Balinese Hindus the process had begun in the mid-1950s. In addition, the two Eastern religions of Buddhism and Hinduism, where made more monotheistic so to be in line with the first Sila of Pancasila, Ketuhanan Maha Esa. The first President of the Indonesian Buddhist Organization, Bhikku Ashin Jinarakkhita, proposed that there was a single supreme deity, Sanghyang Adi Buddha, In Buddhism, the question of whether there is a supreme being or not, is not an important question.
Thirdly, the New Order government enforced this clearer religious divide, by increasing the number of teachers of religion, and the number of religion classes. Each student was supposed to be taught his assigned religion. Under Sukarno,, a teacher might show up once a month or often not at all.
submitted by annadpk to u/annadpk [link] [comments]


2019.08.19 07:22 slightlyassholic Tales From the Terran Republic Morgana Farstan Returns

Morgana's background can be found here Tales From the Terran Republic Terran Hospitality
The rest of the series can be found here
First Previous Next
---
“Rise and shine, sweetie,” Morgana Farstan said as she shook a naked scraggly human by the hair, “You back with us? It's not nice falling asleep like that when we were having such a pleasant conversation. It hurts my feelings.”
“You can’t do this to me! I have rights!”
“Do you see a badge? Does this look like a police station?” Morgana asked in a pleasant voice. “Now, let’s take it from the top. Shelia Donovan supplies your drugs, right?”
“Fuck you,” the captive said as he spat at her. Morgana just smiled.
“You must really like pain,” She said as she reached for a small controller connected to a number of wires attached to her victim.
“No! Nonononono… AAAAAAHHHHH!”
“In case you are wondering, I only have it turned up halfway,” she said as she showed the dial to her victim. “While this little toy is designed to inflict pain without harm, if it is turned up all the way on a human it causes irreversible nerve damage. Oh look,” she said with a pleasant smile, “we have one wire left. Now where should we put it?” She said as she looked at her prey with a smile. “Oh I know, right… there...” She then stuck the wire onto the head of his penis. “I suggest you start talking,” she said as she played with the dial, “before mister happy becomes mister sad… forever.”
“They will kill me!”
“I’ll do worse,” Morgana said with that same soulless smile. “I’m a professional, trust me. You will break. The only question is how much of you will be left when you do.” Before he could reply she pressed the button.
“AAAAAAAAAAHHHHHHH!!!” he screamed. She pressed it again… and again…
---
Jak’kul’sha cocked his head as the screams echoed down the hallway.
“That woman is not right,” He said.
Mul’sha’kal looked up from working on a sonic jackhammer.
“Well, she is paying us to commit mass murder. Of course she is not right,” she said.
“Yeah,” Bal’sur’kala said as he cut open another powercell. “She is not right but her credits are good. What’s the problem?”
“Something just does not add up. Where does she get those credits and why is she so interested in this gang?” Jak’kul’sha asked.
“She’s probably in a rival gang. They do shit like this all the time, right?” Ray’shel’zun asked as he cleaned his shotgun.
“Does she look like she is in a gang? It seems to me she is more used to wearing a suit than wearing that outfit she is wearing now. It’s almost like it’s a disguise or something,” Jak’kul’sha replied. “If she is in a gang it is a suit and tie sort of gang, not this street crap and since when do gangs pay people like us to do their work? Don’t they handle their own business?”
“How the hell should I know? The only gangs I know about are the ones on video, same as you.”
“Maybe this gang pissed off the wrong people,” Mul’sha’kal said as she closed the top of the jackhammer. “This shell shaker is ready to rock,” she said with satisfaction.
“They definitely pissed someone off,” Ray’shel’zun said with a shrug. “Only thing that worries me is that we are low on ammo. Don’t think we can just pop out and buy a few hundred rounds at the corner store.”
“Already on it,” said a voice from behind a computer monitor, “We will have a shipment coming in within a week but it is starting to get pricey. We need to find another source. Another thing. I’m looking at the board and it says we should start using something called ‘Sani-Clear’ so we don’t leave our genetics all over the place.”
“What do you think all that mist was when we left? I didn’t make that aerosol grenade for my health, you know,” Bal’sur’kala said as he started to solder wires onto the powercell. “It was proteolytic enzymes and some other shit so we didn’t leave anything. That shell wax was also for the same reason, you know, the stuff I insisted on you wearing? Do you guys listen to a single word I say?”
“Z’uush, we listen but we don’t understand half of it. You said wax ourselves so we did,” Mul’sha’kal said and then she added in a flirtatious voice, “I just thought you were being kinky.”
“Yeah, I’m kinky. Not getting caught really turns me on.”
“So, what’s in that wax anyway?” Mul’sha’kal asked. “My shell has never been shinier. It really brings out the colors.”
“Oh, it’s a combination of enzymes and chemicals that denatures the upper… aaaand I just lost you.”
“Yup,” she laughed, “Makes shiny. No catchy. Got it.”
They all paused as a fresh set of screams drowned out their conversation.
---
“Look, lady, I’m telling you the truth,” the gang member sobbed. “Yeah, we get the stuff from Shelia but only the boss talks to her. I don’t know nothing. The boss says we gotta pick up the shit and we pick up the shit. They ain’t even there. It’s just sitting under a tarp or something.”
“Well, you aren’t being useful at all. Pity. At least I can have some fun with you before I kill you,” Morgana said as she pulled out a knife and set it on the table beside her.
“Wait!… Wait… please...”
“Maybe you have something else I can use? Hmm?” Morgana asked with blank soulless eyes.
The z’uush all fell silent as Morgana entered the room.
“Hello, my friends,” she said with a smile. “I have another target for you guys to handle.” She then placed a data crystal on a table. “Here’s the info and your pay. Oh, could you do me a solid and take out the trash?” She pointed towards the room where her captive was kept. “And to be clear I mean take him somewhere and dump him, alive.”
“Alive?” Jak’kul’sha asked, “You sure about that?”
“Absolutely. I need the little bird to fly back home to his nest.”
“I don’t like that. Best we off him.”
“The customer is always right, my friend.”
“Fine, alive.” Jak’kul’sha grumbled as she left.
---
Inspector Vance was looking at his computer monitor.
“Jesus, Freela. Have you looked at the z’uush?”
“No.”
“Three-hundred and sixty degree vision, chitin plating thick enough to stop stunners, internal organ systems that can take a couple of shots, and the worst part is what happens to them when they finally decide to not be nice. Here, look,” Inspector Vance said as he turned his monitor so she could see it.
“Shit. So that’s what we might be dealing with?”
“High pain tolerance, high reaction speeds, enhanced metabolism, dampened emotions… fucking killing machines. Terrans are still worse, a lot worse, but these guys...”
“Why are we just finding out about them now? Sounds like they would be the perfect warriors.”
“They also get very hard to control. Manage to piss one off and it would kill their own officers. Hell, they might do it anyway just for fun. They don’t let even their own military turn. It’s too dangerous. I guess they have some way of preventing it.”
“How the hell did the insurgents get anything done, then?” Freela asked.
“Hell if I know. Maybe if we manage to catch these monsters we can ask them. Oh I forget to ask, did the lab geeks find anything?”
“Nothing we didn’t already know,” Detective Freela replied. “It was a jackhammer like you said and those were plasma fragmentation grenades. They didn’t find one molecule of usable information. We still don’t know for sure if they are in fact z’uush. It’s like they Sani-Clear’ed the whole fucking room. Even the corpses were cleaned… So that’s what was tearing up my antennae. That shit was nasty.”
“What fresh hell is this?”
“Never heard that one. Is it a humanism again?” Freela asked.
“Yeah, and a very apt one. Hey, you should know. Was it Sani-Clear?”
“No, Sani-Clear I can stand. That shit was rough. It was like Sani-Clear on pixie-dust.”
“Great, they make their own grenades and mix their own cleaner. Just great.”
A police officer approached the inspector’s desk.
“Inspector,” an officer said grimly. “I think your suspects just struck again.”
“Fuck,” Inspector Vance said and then turned to Detective Freela. “You don’t have to come...”
“No, no… I will grab some spray on the way there. I want to see this one through.”
---
“Jezus...” Inspector Vance said as he entered the crime scene. “This is worse than last time,” he said as he surveyed the carnage. He turned to Detective Freela.
“Same cleaner?”
“Yeah, same cleaner.” she said as she sprayed her antennae again. “It smells a little different but it has the same burn.”
“You going to be ok?”
“Yeah, it’s not that bad. Smells like it’s had more time to settle.”
“You are right. It’s been longer.” Inspector Vance said as he looked at his scanner.
“Did they come in through the roof?” Freela asked as she looked up a large hole.
“Yes,” he pointed at the corpses near the door. “The victims had guards posted inside and out so they just came in from above this time. I’m detecting traces of Terran high explosive compounds,” he said and then paused. “Oh I have a bad feeling about this.” He turned to the crime scene lab techs and pointed up. “Give me an isotope analysis on the explosive residue.”
“What’s wrong?” Detective Freela asked with concern.
“I think they manufactured the explosives here, in the capital.”
“What?” Detective Freela asked in alarm.
“It’s not a modern commercial Terran explosive. This stuff is an older compound, much easier to make. Oh Christ...” Inspector Vance trailed off in mid-sentence as he looked at one of the more intact corpses.
“I’m getting tired of saying this but, what?”
“Look at this poor son of a bitch,” Inspector Vance said as he opened the guy’s mouth and scanned inside. “Yeah, that cleaner they used last time? They led with it this time around. Imagine getting lungfuls of that stuff,” the inspector said grimly, “It was probably eating their lungs from the inside out before our killers even hit the floor. It explains the mess. They had more time to use the jackhammers.”
“Creator’s mercy!” Detective Freela said covering her mouth. “Monsters… Even scum didn’t deserve this. It must have been horrible.” She looked at the inspector with curiosity.
“How did you know they led with the cleaner?”
“I’ve seen poison gas before,” the inspector said grimly.
---
“That bitch was crazy!” the scraggly gang member shouted from his hospital bed. Inspector Vance and Detective Freela were in his room taking notes.
“Ok,” Inspector Vance said calmly, “So what exactly happened?”
“Did they test my nerves? Is my junk ok?”
“Yes, yes, and again yes,” the inspector said with annoyance. “They have checked your nervous system twice and nothing is wrong.”
“I feel weird, my junk feels weird.”
“Look, you got worked over by a neural inductor,” the inspector said. “You are going to feel weird but I promise you that you are perfectly fine.”
“She said my junk...”
“Interrogators say all sorts of things. She stopped before she did any real damage.”
“So my junk?”
“Ok, I’m done. We’re leaving. Good luck out there.”
“Wait! You can’t turn me loose! I’m a dead man!”
“Then you need to give us something we can use or we are out of here.” Detective Freela said. “You feel ready to talk about something besides your ‘junk’?” The guy nodded.
“Ok,” Detective Freela said, “Let’s start with your name. What is your name?”
“G… Gerald.”
“Ok, Gerald, tell us exactly what happened.”
“I was like just walking along minding my business and the next thing I know I’m stripped naked and tied to a chair with these wires all over the place.”
“Did you see who grabbed you?”
“No, it’s just like I said, one second I was walking along and the next I was in the chair.”
“Has his blood been tested for any memory blockers?” the inspector asked a nearby nurse.
“I don’t think so. That isn’t part of the standard workup,” he replied.
“Check. Sounds like he got a dose of something.”
“And then what happened?” Detective Freela asked Gerald.
“And then that bitch zapped me for a bit and started asking about Shelia Donovan and how she knew my gang got their drugs from her.”
“And do they?”
“I want a lawyer.”
“Ok, you are free to go. We have nothing to charge you with so there is no need...”
“Yes! Yes! We get our drugs from her. Can I get locked up now?”
“Sounds like we are getting there,” Detective Freela said pleasantly, “And once you are in there we can place you in protective custody.”
“Protective custody… yeah, I like that,” Gerald replied.
“So she wired you up and ‘convinced’ you to talk?”
“Yeah.”
“And what did you tell her?”
“I told her that we get our stuff from Shelia but only the boss knows how to talk to her or when to get the stuff.”
“And by stuff you mean drugs.”
“Yeah,” Gerald said as he dropped his head. “Yeah, drugs, lots of them.”
“Then what?”
“She got mad. Well not mad, just really scary and then she said that she was going to kill me after burning up all of my nerves, even my junk,” Gerald said with fear in his eyes.
“She certainly found his weak point,” Detective Freela said to Vance.
“He’s human, it’s a pretty safe bet,” the inspector said.
“So what happened then?”
“She said that unless I gave her something I was going to fry and then she started asking me about our hangouts and where we handled the stuff… the drugs…”
The inspector and the detective exchanged glances.
“Locations?” Detective Freela asked.
“Yeah.”
“Like the Greenblock warehouse?”
“I’m going to need protection. I ratted on the Red-Teeth and I’m as good as dead. I’ll give you anything. Yeah, I told her about the Greenblock warehouse. I don’t care about jail. I just want protection,” he said actually shaking. Detective Freela felt a little bad for him. A violent gang on one side and these monsters on the other. She had never seen a better definition of the word “fucked” before.
“Look, I don’t normally do this during an interrogation but you don’t have to say anything else until you get a lawyer about any crimes but I need to know. Did you see anything other than a human, something that looked like this?” she asked as she showed him a picture of a z’uush.
“No, no. I didn’t see nothing. I got zapped from behind and the next thing I knew I was behind a dumpster.”
“Do you remember anything, no matter how insignificant it may seem?”
“No… Wait… I heard… something weird… It wasn’t footsteps it was kind of scratching… scuttling...”
“When he gets safely behind bars, find some sounds of z’uush footsteps or something and see if he recognizes it,” the inspector said.
“You got it, boss.” Detective Freela replied.
---
“So who do you think the woman was that he was talking about?” Detective Freela said after they returned to the station. “We’ve shown him just about every damn picture we have and he neither consciously or unconsciously recognized any of them.”
“A bounty hunter? She was looking for this Shelia Donovan it seems,” the inspector replied.
“One hell of a way to look for her. What is the death toll now?”
“Fifty-three,” the inspector replied.
“Creator’s mercy! No bounty hunter would do something like that. Fifty-three counts of premeditated murder? There would be a bigger bounty on them than their target. Something is fucked here,” Detective Freela said.
“Especially since there isn’t a bounty on Shelia Donovan,” the inspector replied
“There has to be. Isn’t she in the top one-hundred? I could have sworn I heard that name before.”
“Yeah, I’ve heard it too,” the inspector said as he started typing. “Now this is fucked. She had a Federation wide APB, armed and dangerous, military force recommended, level one and a seven digit bounty but both have been rescinded.”
“Rescinded? By who?”
“Doesn’t say. It’s just… gone,” the inspector’s brow furrowed and he started typing again, “Oh shit.”
“I am now truly hating saying this but, what?”
“Look at the date it all went away. Pull up the media feeds for the couple of days prior.”
“Shit. You think it’s connected?”
“Hell of a coincidence,” the inspector said, “A massive data leak, most of it classified, and then suddenly all warrants and bounties were withdrawn? My guess is that they don’t know what else she has or they do know and they don’t want her getting arrested, getting processed, going to trial, and having the chance to say or release anything else.” The inspector looked up. “We have been removed from the equation. Arrest warrants have been turned into kill orders. They don’t want her arrested anymore. They want her dead and any bounty hunters that have access those sorts of bounties are certainly not registered in our databases.”
“Even so, Federation Intelligence wouldn’t do something like this.”
“Let’s hope not for all of our sakes,” the inspector said grimly. “It doesn’t matter one way or the other. We are going to catch these bastards and then we will find out exactly what is going on. This is our city and we will protect it regardless of who or what is behind this.”
---
The rest of the series can be found here
submitted by slightlyassholic to HFY [link] [comments]


2019.08.05 04:54 spindizzy_wizard Getting Hired : Kay Series #2

Prequel To Disaster Detector: Kay Series #1
For u/mbbcjuliet, u/Greywatcher, u/KassLiss, and u/wikipeter_nl; all of whom inspired me to continue with this story. My Thanks.
I should have known better.
I should have paid attention to my own Twitch. I knew there was going to be trouble, I just couldn't see how. Well, now I know. My own temper. Perhaps I should introduce myself. I'm Kay, from my birth name Kory'Ayer. We get our names from our parent's names, and when we reach majority, we take those names and make a 'use name' from them. I'm human, born on Haven Five, in the Vantuu Reproduction facility. I've never known my mother or my father. As 'disaster detectors', and in absence of a planet of our own, we pretty much have to reproduce by tubing our children, and getting back to work. It costs a lot to tube an embryo, and even more to feed a child all the way through to majority.
I didn't have to worry about my line of work. Both of my parents were disaster detectors, class one, with a rating over 90%. You don't get much better than that. At least until me. Yeah, that's another problem of mine. Ego.
It's justifiable though. All through school, learning to use that disaster sense that seems so peculiarly human, or at least the most reliable in humans, I tested way higher than anyone else. In fact, they had me retake a number of the tests, under ever more stringent measures, before they'd believe their own results.
Too bad I got Cog as my final grader. He was so sure that I was cheating somehow that he rigged my test. Oh, not to make me fail, per se, but to prove that I had to be cheating. He put in a 'twitch' simulation that was way below anything that anyone had ever detected before. He figured that I couldn't possibly detect it, no matter what my student rating was, unless I was cheating somehow.
Oh, yeah. 'Twitch' is slang for when your disaster sense kicks in. It can manifest in a number of ways, but one of the most common is a muscular twitch. In severe cases, it can actually yank you out of the way of a bullet. It can also cripple you when you most need mobility. Part of our training is to recognize the difference between various muscular complaints, and a valid 'twitch'; this includes not being crippled by a severe twitch in an emergency.
Okay, back to the exam. Everything was going fine. The standard is 20 twitch simulations of various strengths. Sometimes they throw a few more in, sometimes a few less, but 20 is the norm. I'd got to twenty, when Cog said 'test over'. Then I got a 21st twitch. "Mr. Cog? Are you sure? I just got another twitch, about a ... 0.02 I'd say; that's awfully low. Does the monitor show me having any muscle issues?"
"No, it doesn't. And you just proved you're cheating."
The test is exhausting enough, and I was already nervous as hell over my final exam, because it would determine my initial ranking. I was fighting mad when I got decanted. Barely took time to dry off and get dressed before I went looking for Cog. He was in the principle's office, filing another accusation.
"Cog! For Gaia's sake and Odin's too! How can you possibly still believe that I'm cheating! I've gone through every retest until everyone else is convinced that I'm not cheating. What is your problem!"
Mr. Ban, our principle, cut in. "Kay, mind your temper. Mr. Cog is an instructor, and entitled to file his complaint. You are still a student."
"Mr. Ban, if I have to go through another retest, Mr. Cog is to be nowhere near nor to have any involvement in the evaluation. For whatever reason, he has obviously decided, in blatant disregard of the evidence, that I am somehow cheating. I've had enough! If he can't get over his irrational behavior, then I don't want him evaluating me. He's obviously got some sort of mental problem!"
That's when Cog pounced. "Mr. Ban. I draw your attention to repeated insults and slanders, and insist that Kory'Ayer be removed from the school program as psychologically unfit to deal with an alien society."
"I'm unfit? I'm unfit? I'll give you insults you egregious spawn of a diseased milichi! You've had it in for me from day one. You have been the instigator of every single complaint. You are obviously unfit to teach anyone; much less someone who should have a gradation thirty times your best! I'd outrank you as a Spaceman First, with you being a Captain! Unfit! You're a dichorot walking disaster to every student that outranks you!"
Mr. Ban tries to cool me off. You do remember I said I had a temper? "Kay! For the love of Gaia! Restrain yourself!"
"Mr. Ban, with due respect for you, and none at all for Cog. I refuse to take back any of what I said. You go ask every other high rank student who they least wish to have as an examiner. Go ahead, do it! Every one of them will tell you the same thing. Cog. How many complaints of cheating has he filed? Huh? How many? And how many of those have been upheld! Just within this class alone, and not including my own, he's filed over 30, of which none have been upheld!"
"Mr. Ban, you might consider asking Kory'Ayer just how she knows that?"
"Well, Kay? How do you know that? You know that such complaints are a serious matter, and are not for public discussion."
"Mr. Ban, are you fully aware of how strong my sense is? Have you looked at the latest reports, including the test I just took?"
"Yes, I am. I fail to see..."
"Mr. Ban, I know when Cog files a complaint. There's a distinct twitch in the left little toe. I made that correlation after the fifth complaint he filed. I had one on the way here. I've had one every time he's filed a complaint. I confirmed that by checking the faces of my fellow students. Every time I had that twitch, someone would be looking nervous for a while, go through a retest, and come out fine. Everyone except Cog. Who would come back into classes looking like a dyspeptic Rathshaka!"
"Kay... I'm trying to help you, but if you don't stop insulting Mr. Cog..."
"Mr. Ban, I hereby demand an apology from Kory'Ayer."
"Demand and be damned you miserable excuse for a pile of shit! You'll get nothing from me!"
That's when I realized I'd blown it. Cog standing there with an evil smirk, and Mr. Ban shaking his head holding it in both hands. I was discharged. Grade A student, no rating, no gradation, no chance to get a job.
Like Hell!
This must be my ... what? ... 500th interview? Well that's if you count the ones who asked for my rating, and said no the instant I admitted that I didn't have one. Of the remainder, when I got to the explanation for that circumstance, they all agreed. They didn't need a hot-head on their ship, not even if I was as good as I said. I had my school records with me, they showed the truth, but I had no proof of Cog's attitude. The discharge just said that I was not deemed suitable for employment due to temperament. To the cold lands of Jotenheim with Cog. May the Valkyrie piss on his grave. May Gaia turn her head away in disgust. May Valhalla slam it's doors in his face. I Will Not Let Him Win!
Another Free Trader, not that I'd apply to a Combine for anything, but there were smaller trading groups that weren't Free Traders, and I'd applied there too. Every ship that landed, do you have a disaster detector? Would you like one? Can you afford one? Would you consider me for the position?
Most of the time, the answers were: No. Yes! No. NO!
This one? This one had a disaster pod -- A Coriolis Mk XV, a bit dated but absolutely the top of the line for the time it was made -- so they were capable of having a disaster detector with equipment that might not be the latest, but still outperformed 99% of the market.
Wipe the drool of your chin Kay, and don't look like such a hayseed. Hayseed. What an outmoded word, yet we keep it for memory of Earth. We lost Earth to WWIII, the total nuclear bombardment did for 99% of the life on the planet, and certainly did for every human on the planet. Nearest thing we can figure is that all the disaster detector's being out in space earning money for Earth was that too few were left to keep an eye on Earth itself.
Enough, you have a job to catch.
Striding up to the gangway, I see the being standing watch. I've never seen anyone like him before, nor does he appear in my training on races. Not too surprising. Free Traders pick up crew from all over, but this one must be farther from home than usual. Coal black skin, dark clothing, when he's back in the shadows of the hatch, you can't hardly see him.
...
Young human. Obviously just past majority. Must be looking for work. The way -- She? Yes, she. -- looked at it, it's no big deal to figure that she's a disaster detector. Cap'n will want to talk with her, since our last decided to retire three ports ago. The crew is not happy, but you have to find them where you can.
"Kay, looking for employment. May I speak with the Captain, please?"
"Disaster detector?"
"Yes."
"Rating."
"None." His face hardens. I turn away, I've seen that look before, usually just before they -- verbally -- blast you off the gangway.
"Wait." I turn back. He reaches for a comlink. "Cap'n, got a young human here, claims to be a disaster detector, no rating, but ..."
"SEND HER UP RIGHT NOW!" He actually has to yank the comlink away from his ear. I can hear the Captain perfectly. He sounds almost ... desperate?
"Up you go. He's in the day cabin just off the bridge. The corridors and lifts are all marked in standard symbols, and ... good fortune."
"Thanks ...?"
"Glyu."
"Thank you, Glyu."
"Don't thank me until you have the job; then I'll run your tail off until we get a proper rating and grade for you. I'm Bosun Glyu to you, if you get hired. Until you have a proper rating and grade, everyone is higher ranked and graded than you."
"Understood, Glyu."
"Good, now get moving. The captain's usually a bit grumpy, so don't be too surprised."
I make my way to the day cabin, and hit the chimes. The door slaps open and a yell "GET IN HERE" comes slamming out. I leap through the door, and it slaps closed on my heels. There's a figure in the chair behind the desk, but it's turned away from me at the moment.
"Kay, seeking employment..."
"Yes, yes, as a disaster detector, no rating. Got your school records?"
"Yes, Sir."
"Do NOT call me Sir! I'm Captain to anyone but someone I'm doing trading with!"
Grumpy? This is just Grumpy? "Well! BRING THEM OVER! I can't read them while they're in your bag!"
Again, I jump forward, yanking the records out of my carryall, and slapping them on his desk. He finally turns around, and now I understand Glyu's statement. Captain is a Farthier. Think cat, bipedal, covered with feathers instead of fur, and about half the height of a human. Also consider them highly irascible, and prone to fits of profanity.
"Have a seat. This'll take a while." So, I sit carefully. You learn to do that a lot outside of a human space, most of the furniture isn't designed for us, so we have to adapt to it. He sure does take his time over it. Started from first year and went all the way through fifth. Right up to the discharge as unsuitable. "So, discharged as unsuitable. Let's hear your side of the story."
I start telling the clean straightforward story I've been using for everyone else. He stops me and asks "word for word". I blush, but do it. He's the Captain, and I might as well get used to obeying orders. Even if they are a bit embarrassing. The longer I go on, the more agitated he gets. His feathers are standing straight out all over by the end. He sits there, trembling, like he's about to explode.
"HOO HOO HOO HAW HAW HAW!!!" It goes on for quite some time, as he works it out of his system, his feathers smooth back out.
"Young Human, I haven't heard such a fine tale since my first voyage as Captain! You're Hired! And I'll spit in Cog's eye if I ever meet him! Now go find Bosun Glyu, and get yourself signed on board."
"Yes, Captain!" I nearly floated out the door. I don't remember making my way back down to the hatchway, but I must have. I found myself looking at Glyu, and caught myself just in time.
"Bosun Glyu? I'm supposed to see you about getting signed on board."
"Position?"
"Disaster Detector."
"Rating?"
"Unrated, ungraded."
"Right, that makes you Apprentice. Lowest of the low. Don't forget it."
"No, Bosun Glyu, I won't forget."
"I know you won't Apprentice Kay, I won't let you forget."
I don't think I've ever seen a more evil glare. I'm starting to think maybe signing on here wasn't such a good idea. He laughs!?
"Good! You can read non-human expressions! First test passed!"
The first six months are grueling. Bosun Glyu wasn't kidding about running my tail off. When I wasn't sleeping or eating, I was in the disaster pod either watching over the ship in space, or running tests on groundside. His exams were far more comprehensive than Cog's ever were, but then, the entire crew's life might depend on how good I was. At the end of that time, I got my rating.
Disaster Detector, Rating 1, Grade 0.
I was in Valhalla! Gaia herself had smiled upon me! RATING ONE! IN YOUR FACE, COG!
Bosun Glyu slapped me back to the ground. "Back into the pod. We've got to get you a decent grade now too!".
Six more months, and we're back on Haven Five. Captain has talked me out of going to the school to rub Cog's nose in it. "Don't worry about it, Kay. If I know people like Cog, they'll find out on their own, and come looking for you. You just stick close to me, and point him out when he comes up."
"Aye, Captain."
So we wandered around on Haven Five, looking for cargoes. It was interesting enough. Watching Captain dicker with people taught me why his people have such a fierce reputation as bargainers. The reputation for irascibility was well earned too. We were finally in a bar, suspiciously near the school, having an end-of-day drink. I was staying to the softer stuff, but Captain was really putting it down. Not "three sheets to the wind", but more like "I'm having a good time and don't even think of interrupting me!"
I was sitting quietly, enjoying my drink, and wondering how I was going to get Captain back to the ship. Maybe call Glyu? When someone tapped me on the shoulder. "Yes?"
"Kory'Ayer, what are you doing with a Disaster Detector / Rating One / 50 badge on? You're no detector! You were discharged! Unfit!" Oh, that hated voice.
"Excuse me, Captain? May I introduce the illustrious Cog?"
"Cog you say? The very same Cog?" He's speaking in ultra polite mode. The other Free Traders hear this and start listing in. When a Farthier starts being ultra polite, the feathers are about to fly.
"Indeed, the very same."
"You're quite sure?"
"Quite sure. I couldn't forget that foul voice of his in a million Kala."
"Thank You Detector Kay. ... Cog? You are a disgrace to your school. Go home and immolate yourself at once!"
It was worth it, what happened after, just to see that look on his face, to hear the laughter from all the other Free Traders around. Cog really should have known better, but I guess being on the receiving end wasn't something he was used to.
"Why you miserable disgrace to the Free..."
SPLAT SPLOOT
Did I mention that Farthier can spit worse than camels are reputed to have done? It would have been funnier, if I hadn't got caught in the splash zone.
"That for you Cog. You disgrace to the fine detector's school this young lady was trained in. She's been on my ship for the last year, doing a better job than a class 7 rank 10 like you."
As he wipes, or tries to wipe, the sticky gooey spit off of his face, "She told you that?"
"No. I heard about you Cog long before I ever met Kay. From our last Detector. You were never far from her thoughts either. Usually well laced with profanity and utterly scurrilous descriptions. You have been a disgrace to this school for decades. I will be going by the school offices tomorrow morning. I recommend that you have everything packed, because you are not going to have that position after I leave."
Cog completely lost it, screaming frothing fury. "YOU MISERABLE EXCUSE FOR A MISBEGOTTEN, MISBORN, MISCEGENATE, DISEASE RIDDEN PILE OF FILTH! I'LL HAVE YOU YET!" The thing that made it funny for me was the fact that he still couldn't get his eyes open to see. He stumbled around like a blindfolded toddler trying to hit a pinata. All I had to do was scamper around to the side or behind, and giggle. He made fine entertainment for the Free Traders, and my Captain was laughing his head off, still drinking.
I don't know how he did it after all that drink, but Captain did go to the school early the next morning -- without me, Loki take it! -- cursed is way into Mr. Ban's office, whereupon a great deal of shouting was heard, with a slight admixture of Mr. Ban trying to calm Captain down.
Cutting through all the humor, Captain insisted upon reviewing the records of every student discharged from the school since Cog was hired on, including the complaints. Time and again, he reported the fact that discharged student X had been serving on ship Y for Z years with a rating and grade that would have made this school shine. Except Cog had gone after each of them the same way he went after me.
To top it all off, he insisted that every discharged student that had ever been graded by Cog, who had not found their way onto a ship, be brought back in and retested. Without Cog even in the building. In fact, discharge Cog immediately for cause or forget about any Free Trader hiring direct from this school ever again.
((finis))
submitted by spindizzy_wizard to SpinningStories [link] [comments]


2019.06.24 15:42 LuxuryHotelsResorts Explore Unique Heritage Places In Varanasi

Explore Unique Heritage Places In Varanasi
Varanasi is a place filled with many wonderful places that one must truly not miss to explore. The numerous places to see in Varanasi are filled with ages of ancient Indian history. When you go to such pockets of Varanasi, you can get to learn a lot and be awe-inspired by India’s rich heritage. Not only the ruins have a lot tell about, but nature at Varanasi also has the capacity to capture our attention. Also, Varanasi has no dearth of things that one cannot buy in an evening planned for shopping.
There many places to see in Varanasi. The waterfalls, shopping complexes, forts, museums, palaces and heritage hotels are just a few places to explore in Varanasi. Read on to know more, if you are planning on making your trip enjoyable and worthwhile.
Ramnagar Fort & Museum: This fort is a sandstone structure, built incorporating the Mughal style of architecture. This fortification makes for a beautiful sight to see as it is located just next to the waters of the Tulsi Ghat. The whole scene looks just magnificent when viewed during the sunset; when the colour of our yellow star rests on this earthy sandstone structure. It also consists of a vintage museum where one can find a huge astronomical clock, medieval costumes, American cars and works of ivory.
Taj Nadesar Palace: One of the best palace hotels in Varanasi is the Taj Nadesar Palace. Staying over here makes you feel like royalty as you are surrounded by luxury furnishings, interiors with a royal touch and staff who cater to you like you’re the only inhabitant of the palace; as in other words, pampering you to the maximum. The highlights of the palace are Jiva Spa in Varanashi; where one can refresh their mind, body and soul. Also, the food that is offered to the guests here are so good that it only fit for the Gods.
Bharat Kala Bhavan: A famous university museum is the Bharat Kala Bhavan showcasing Indian art, paintings, sculptures, decorative items, arms and armaments, ancient coins, textiles, literary materials, and costumes. Some the artefacts that are displayed here date back to the Mughal era, where the aristocrats of this dynasty had a huge liking towards decorative items or had possessed items of everyday use which were embellished with precious gems, expensive metals and artistic designs. This museum is a proof that ancient India was no less mesmerizing than it is today.
To know another Places to Explore in Varanasi, visit source blog.
Source: https://yourexpertguide.wordpress.com/2019/06/20/places-to-explore-in-varanasi/

https://preview.redd.it/n4xkqv1u5b631.png?width=1400&format=png&auto=webp&s=93d1232c456cf5f7cc6e1d8dc47b3ede2a04aba3
submitted by LuxuryHotelsResorts to u/LuxuryHotelsResorts [link] [comments]


2019.06.01 06:18 jamfarts Wanted! Month of June 2019

Flair verification thread
Welcome to 'Wanted!' a game where you go Catch or Hatch the target shiny Pokémon! If you catch the target Pokémon it will count as 3 points toward your flair! Each user is allowed extra flair points for one (1) Pokémon for Wanted! event - any extras will be considered 1 flair point as usual. We ask that you add the date of capture to your pictures (this can be found in the Pokémon's summary). Good Luck! Have Fun!
PSA
We recommend setting your system's date to the correct day, month and year to help the mods when using the flair verification.
Be sure to take pictures for verification as soon as possible - transferring (such as to another gen via Pokémon Bank) will replace caught date with transfer date and your Pokémon will no longer be verifiable!
The Wanted! Pokemon for this month is...
[Finneon!]
Shiny form & Non-shiny form
(Chosen by www.randompokemon.com)
Game locations:
Gen 4: Diamond/Pearl/Platinum: Routes 205, 218, 219, 220, and 221, Fuego Ironworks, Iron Island, Canalave City, Valley Windworks (Good Rod)
Gen 5:
Black/White: Routes 17 and 18, P2 Laboratory (Fishing)
Black 2/White 2: Routes 4, 17, and 18, P2 Laboratory, Virbank City, Virbank Complex (Fishing)
Gen 6: ORAS: Routes 122, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, and 134 (hidden Pokémon*)
Gen 7: Sun/Moon/Ultra Sun/Ultra Moon Routes 1, 7, 8, 14, and 15, Hau'oli City, Melemele Sea, Kala'e Bay, Brooklet Hill, Hano Beach, [S/M Only: Secluded Shore] (Surfing)
That's it! You can breed for it in any game as well!
When you get one
Simply, post your pictures in the comments of this thread, or post pictures on the main sub with "Wanted!" in the title so we know it's from the game! Be sure to specify that you caught a Wanted! Pokémon in your flair verification album and when requesting flair verification.
Links!
Flair verification thread
Discord invite link
Past "Wanted!" events
Q/A thread
1/6/2019 - 31/6/2019
MMXIX
submitted by jamfarts to ShinyPokemon [link] [comments]


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Marriage Spells are supposed to be very strong and affective Marriage Spells are supposed to be very strong and affective. If you are in a relation and your lover is not committing or is taking time to decide if she or she or she wants to get married to you or not then these very strong marriage spells are used by which your love will marry you and you will be having a very strong and happy married life.

Fertility spells/Pregnancy spell:-

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submitted by Khanbabaji44 to u/Khanbabaji44 [link] [comments]


2019.04.23 07:33 Khanbabaji44 7688880369 Love problem solution in Dubai

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Vashikaran is used popularly to attract someone , to attract suceess and good fortune . This is done by using Vashikaran Mantra and these Vashikaran Mantras are use to attract women or Vashikaran of a women , Vashikaran chetan shastri of Husband , Vashikaran of Wife , Soul mate , lover .

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Lost Love Spells:-

Lost Love Spell or Spells are used or performed, if you have lost your love and all the efforts that you have tried have failed and there is no way that you can get your love back. Lost love spell will bring your love back to you unconditionally. Also if your love is with some one else then by the power of this spell your love will break his or her relation and will be with you.

Attraction Spell:-

Dramatically improve your “curb” appeal. This spell brings your inner beauty to the surface, allowing others to see your sex appeal, your intriguing personality, your beautiful qualities. Not only will you feel better about yourself, but when stares and compliments come your way, your self-confidence will soar, and you will feel on top of the world. And well you should be because you are a very special person.

Divorce Spells:-

Divorce Spells should be used in extreme cases for example if your husband has disturbed you a lot and you are tired of his tortures, you need a divorce but he is not giving you and thus your life had become miserable in such cased you may go for these powerful Spells can also be used to prevent a divorce, if there are people who are not happy with your happy family life and are trying different ways to separate you and so are insisting on a divorce then these divorce spells should be used to protect you from all such evil people so that you may have a very happy and secured married life.

Marriage Spells:-

Marriage Spells are supposed to be very strong and affective Marriage Spells are supposed to be very strong and affective. If you are in a relation and your lover is not committing or is taking time to decide if she or she or she wants to get married to you or not then these very strong marriage spells are used by which your love will marry you and you will be having a very strong and happy married life.

Fertility spells/Pregnancy spell:-

Are often used by women’s who want to start her own family. But due to unknown problems she is not able to conceive and some time they may also be scared at the time of pregnancy thinking about the baby, fertility spell or pregnancy spells should be used for the above reasons so that they may have a safe pregnancy and without any problems or complications. Also fertility spells should be used to prevent Miscarriages.

Banish a Past Lover Magic Spell:-

If you’ve ended a relationship with someone and they just won’t accept that it’s over, if they keep calling you, writing to you, or even worse, if they keep coming over, then this might be just the spell you’ve been looking for! Within a day or two of casting this spell most people notice an inner feeling like a huge sigh of relief! Then, the past lover begins to attempt contact less and less often, and what usually happens next is other people will begin to get involved in the situation in such a way that the past lovers attention is diverted away from you and they have someone or something else to focus their energy on!

Do not wait if you have questions to ask or problems –

Hello People !

If you are not getting success in your life and always having problems, then you can email me your details or sms me your details and take time. I will bring about a change in your life with the help Indian Vedic Astrology. I will make your Birth-Chart and study it. Then I will tell you the remedies and lucky Gemstones.

Just mail me :www.vashikaranspecialistkaran.webs.com

1) Name

2) Sex

3) Time of birth

4) Day, Date & Year of Birth

5) Place of Birth

6) Your query

love marriage problem solve +91 7688880369

Are you having Problems in your life Get Solution through systematic remedies of all problems within 48 hours and with 100% GUARANTEE. Problems are like as follow 1. Like jadu-tona. 2. Business related problems. 3. Husband and wife relationship. 4. Be free from enemy / 2nd wife 5. Settle in foreign. 6. Desired love. 7. Disputes between husband / wife. 8. Problems in study. 9. Childless Women. 10. Intoxication. 11. Physical problems. 12. Domestic controversy. 13. Problems in family relations. 14. Promotions or willful marriage. 15. Lottary & lucky nomber Get all solutions in your life as you desire. aghori baba and get advise from him. there is no Consultation Charges. Any problems in the life get solution as your des Love priest -Love Solution- Love Problem -Vashikaran mantra for love { babaji} aghori ji is an uniqe name by his identy in astrological field . baba ji can solve any type of astrological related problem like problem in love vashikaran specialist ,marriage problem solution , dispute in relation, vashikaran astrology, black magic specialist, get your love back by vashikaran, voodoo love spells etc. if you want to get remedy about these problems dont waste your time and call +91–7688880369 love marriage problem, vashikaran specialist, black magic solution, graha klesh, karobar,intercast love marriage problem solution, vashikaran mantra for love marriage, vashikaran mantra for love, career problem solution, vashikaran astrology, vashikaran mantra, business problem solution, santan samasya (childless problem solution), lal kitab upay, indian vashikaran, black magic specialist, spell of black magic,voodoo spell lost love spell bring bang lost lover back witchcraft wicca ex love back control for vashikaran mantra wife & husband control lovers mind black magic jin kala jadu control forl girl & boy by vashikaran Childless problem solutionFinancial problem solution e free from enemyDivorce problem solutionVashikaran specialistAll type of problem solution by astrologyMarriage life problem solution Control your lover in hand by vashikaranBlack magic spellsBlack magic womanLost love spells business problem solution etc baba ji__________+91–7688880369

Greatest astrologer & powerfulVashii Karan specialist I have solved all types of problems through My astrology, and my all magical, And Spiritual abilities as Example as education, business loss, husband wife relationship, court case, love marriage, lost love, money problem, tour travel, job with my hard tantrum mantra Skills. ONE CALL CHANGE YOUR LIFE Just a Single Call and Solve your Problem cont. +91–7688880369

One Call Change Your Life +91-7688880369
24 Hours Service Open
World Famous No.1 Astrologer
All Types Problems Solutions
Contact Name=Baba Imran Khan Ji
Contact No.+91-7688880369
Website=http://babaimarankhan.co.in
[Gmail=[email protected]](mailto:Gmail=[email protected])
submitted by Khanbabaji44 to u/Khanbabaji44 [link] [comments]


2019.04.20 17:53 Khanbabaji44 +91-7688880369 (lucknow) love marriage solution by family agree solve baba ji

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समस्या बन सकती है आत्महत्या ।

9 घण्टे में काम की गारण्टी।

जैसे किया-कराया, प्रेम-विवाह, सौतन दुख, व्यापार, गृहक्लेश, दुश्मन से छुटकारा, वशीकरण, खुशहाल एवं प्रसन्नचित रहें, गृहक्लेश, व्यापारिक समस्या, विवाह में रुकावट, ऋण होना, ऊपरी समस्या, कुण्डली दोष, पति-पत्नी अनबन, प्रेम संबंधी, दुश्मनों से छुटकारा,

Black magic protection spells, healing spells, black magic spells, black magic healing, protection spells, protection power spells, talismans, charms, black magick protection, blackmagick protection, blackmagic healing.Black magic protection spells, healing spells, black magic spells, black magic healing, protection spells, protection power spells, talismans, charms, black magick protection, blackmagick protection, blackmagic

Like:-

BUSINESS PROBLEM, DISPUTE WITH HUSBAND OR WIFE, DISPUTE WITH LOVER,CHEATING IN LOVE, GET DONE OF MARRIAGE OR BREAKING OF ANY MARRIAGE,CHILDREN’S GO OUT OF ORDER FROM PARENTS, HOME CONFLICT, INTERRUPTION IN MARRIAGE, GET RID FROM ENEMY, FOREIGN TOUR, MOVIE OR MODELLING CAREER, MANGLIK PROBLEM, CAUGHT SIGHT (NAZAR LAGNA),

TEWA READING, KUNDLI MAKING, YOU CAN ATTRACT YOUR LOVER,

iF YOU ARE DEJECTED/ REJECTED DO NOT WORRY. HE/SHE WILL FEEL AN URGE TO CALL YOU, TO MEET YOU AT THE EARLIEST.LOVe MARRIAGE, AFFAIRS, DIVORCE, DISTURBED MARRIAGE LIFE, E TROUBLE IN MARRIAGE, FOREIGN TRAVELING AND ALL KIND OF ANY FAMILY PROBLEMS.

Lost Love Spells:-

Lost Love Spell or Spells are used or performed, if you have lost your love and all the efforts that you have tried have failed and there is no way that you can get your love back. Lost love spell will bring your love back to you unconditionally. Also if your love is with some one else then by the power of this spell your love will break his or her relation and will be with you.

Attraction Spell:-

Dramatically improve your “curb” appeal. This spell brings your inner beauty to the surface, allowing others to see your sex appeal, your intriguing personality, your beautiful qualities. Not only will you feel better about yourself, but when stares and compliments come your way, your self-confidence will soar, and you will feel on top of the world. And well you should be because you are a very special person.

Divorce Spells:-

Divorce Spells should be used in extreme cases for example if your husband has disturbed you a lot and you are tired of his tortures, you need a divorce but he is not giving you and thus your life had become miserable in such cased you may go for these powerful Spells can also be used to prevent a divorce, if there are people who are not happy with your happy family life and are trying different ways to separate you and so are insisting on a divorce then these divorce spells should be used to protect you from all such evil people so that you may have a very happy and secured married life.

Marriage Spells:-

Marriage Spells are supposed to be very strong and affective Marriage Spells are supposed to be very strong and affective. If you are in a relation and your lover is not committing or is taking time to decide if she or she or she wants to get married to you or not then these very strong marriage spells are used by which your love will marry you and you will be having a very strong and happy married life.

Fertility spells/Pregnancy spell:-

Are often used by women’s who want to start her own family. But due to unknown problems she is not able to conceive and some time they may also be scared at the time of pregnancy thinking about the baby, fertility spell or pregnancy spells should be used for the above reasons so that they may have a safe pregnancy and without any problems or complications. Also fertility spells should be used to prevent Miscarriages.

Banish a Past Lover Magic Spell:-

If you’ve ended a relationship with someone and they just won’t accept that it’s over, if they keep calling you, writing to you, or even worse, if they keep coming over, then this might be just the spell you’ve been looking for! Within a day or two of casting this spell most people notice an inner feeling like a huge sigh of relief! Then, the past lover begins to attempt contact less and less often, and what usually happens next is other people will begin to get involved in the situation in such a way that the past lovers attention is diverted away from you and they have someone or something else to focus their energy on!

Do not wait if you have questions to ask or problems –

Hello People !

If you are not getting success in your life and always having problems, then you can email me your details or sms me your details and take time. I will bring about a change in your life with the help Indian Vedic Astrology. I will make your Birth-Chart and study it. Then I will tell you the remedies and lucky Gemstones.

Just mail me :www.vashikaranspecialistkaran.webs.com

1) Name

2) Sex

3) Time of birth

4) Day, Date & Year of Birth

5) Place of Birth

6) Your query

love marriage problem solve +91 7688880369

Are you having Problems in your life Get Solution through systematic remedies of all problems within 48 hours and with 100% GUARANTEE. Problems are like as follow 1. Like jadu-tona. 2. Business related problems. 3. Husband and wife relationship. 4. Be free from enemy / 2nd wife 5. Settle in foreign. 6. Desired love. 7. Disputes between husband / wife. 8. Problems in study. 9. Childless Women. 10. Intoxication. 11. Physical problems. 12. Domestic controversy. 13. Problems in family relations. 14. Promotions or willful marriage. 15. Lottary & lucky nomber Get all solutions in your life as you desire. aghori baba and get advise from him. there is no Consultation Charges. Any problems in the life get solution as your des Love priest -Love Solution- Love Problem -Vashikaran mantra for love { babaji} aghori ji is an uniqe name by his identy in astrological field . baba ji can solve any type of astrological related problem like problem in love vashikaran specialist ,marriage problem solution , dispute in relation, vashikaran astrology, black magic specialist, get your love back by vashikaran, voodoo love spells etc. if you want to get remedy about these problems dont waste your time and call +91–7688880369 love marriage problem, vashikaran specialist, black magic solution, graha klesh, karobar,intercast love marriage problem solution, vashikaran mantra for love marriage, vashikaran mantra for love, career problem solution, vashikaran astrology, vashikaran mantra, business problem solution, santan samasya (childless problem solution), lal kitab upay, indian vashikaran, black magic specialist, spell of black magic,voodoo spell lost love spell bring bang lost lover back witchcraft wicca ex love back control for vashikaran mantra wife & husband control lovers mind black magic jin kala jadu control forl girl & boy by vashikaran Childless problem solutionFinancial problem solution e free from enemyDivorce problem solutionVashikaran specialistAll type of problem solution by astrologyMarriage life problem solution Control your lover in hand by vashikaranBlack magic spellsBlack magic womanLost love spells business problem solution etc baba ji__________+91–7688880369

Greatest astrologer & powerfulVashii Karan specialist I have solved all types of problems through My astrology, and my all magical, And Spiritual abilities as Example as education, business loss, husband wife relationship, court case, love marriage, lost love, money problem, tour travel, job with my hard tantrum mantra Skills. ONE CALL CHANGE YOUR LIFE Just a Single Call and Solve your Problem cont. +91–7688880369

One Call Change Your Life +91-7688880369
24 Hours Service Open
World Famous No.1 Astrologer
All Types Problems Solutions
Contact Name=Baba Imran Khan Ji
Contact No.+91-7688880369
Website=http://babaimarankhan.co.in
[Gmail=[email protected]](mailto:Gmail=[email protected])
submitted by Khanbabaji44 to u/Khanbabaji44 [link] [comments]


2019.04.18 00:25 iminterestingplease Part 44.

Here I am again.
6988.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember rainbow contrails not being a thing?
https://www.airlineratings.com/videos/gorgeous-rainbow-contrail-video/
6989.(New species.)Have you heard of the pelican eel?(Comet moth, sea angel, Spanish dance fish, albino pink bellies side neck, vulturine guineafowl, fish hook ant, unnamed "troll" animal, more weird blue and green and black colored reptiles, marine iguanas, more weird colored parrot fish, lots of weird bat fish, lumpsucker, Latvia blue cows, Amazon milk frog, saddleback caterpillar, alligator lizard, blue mushrooms, horseshoe crabs looking really different, pink elephants and hippos, piranhas in lakes and rivers in UK, more safaris in the US, flying dragon lizard, ghost trees can now have color, pink sharks now exist, white-throated rail comes back from extinction, tiny dinosaur with bat-like wings found in China, Dephinus Delphis Dolphin.)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pelican_eel
6990.(New species.)Have you heard of the floating feather star?(Giant Buddha statue carved into stone mountain in China, Ushiku Daibutsu in Ibaraki, Japan, Statue of Jesus Christ in Lisbon, giant Genghis Khan statue in Mongolia, bears that have snouts for sucking up insects, basket weave trees, cheetah lizard, Mandarin duck, mammoth donkey, common moths and caterpillars looking more and more detailed, giant Aboriginal statues in northern Australia, bees trained to sniff out bombs, daisies with pink or purple on the back, and 4, 2, 5, 6, 10, 21 and many other weirdly numbered leaf clovers now existing.)(Anything else off with clovers?)
https://www.leisurepro.com/blog/explore-the-blue/5-fun-facts-feather-stars/
6991.(Company Logo change.)Do you remember the N in Netflix not being cut ever?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netflix
6992.(Shoe name change.)Lugs/Lugz
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lugz
6993.(Water Logo change.)Do you remember Évian being blue instead of red?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Évian
6994.(Fictional Character name change.)General Khala/General Kala
https://flashgordon.fandom.com/wiki/General_Kala
6995.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember rhodium not being a thing?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhodium
6996.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember these things being different or not a thing?(Geese tongues and more birds with teeth, mollified man, human genes put into monkeys, sea lions have manes and other weird appearance changes, more reverse head humans, elephantiasis, cheetah face markings, NASA tethering similar to ballooning spider, more ice on the moon, pig brains brought back to life through experiments, more weird skinks, crescent shaped Venus and moon in daytime.)(Video below.)
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=Tw5TvnHvamg
6997.(Famous Singer name change.)Bonnie TayloBonnie Tyler(Do any of her logos look off?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonnie_Tyler
Add-On: Do you remember Jimi Hendrix never having any children?
https://www.quora.com/What-are-Jimi-Hendrix-s-children-doing-now
6998.(Real Life appearance change.)Do you remember Charlie Chaplin not looking as clean and not appearing as fit?(Does his whole face look cleaner?)(Were his clothes less professional?)(Did he always have the signature mustache?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Chaplin
6999.(Fictional Character name change.)Barbara Cole/Barbra Cole
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Night_of_the_Living_Dead_(film_series)
7000.(T.V. Show Logo change.)Do you remember the letters in Frasier not being connected?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frasier
7001.(Fictional Character appearance change.)Do you remember Homer Simpson having 3 strands of hair instead of 2?(Anything else off?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homer_Simpson
7002.(Movie Scene change.)Do you remember the shower scene in Psycho never showing the knife or the contact between the knife and the woman
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=0WtDmbr9xyY
7003.(Car Model Logo change.)Do you remember the letters in Cadillac Escalade not being connected?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadillac_Escalade
7004.(Vacuum Logo change.)Do you remember the letters in Oreck not being connected?(Anything else off?)
http://www.jonessewandvac.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/oreck-vacuums.png
Add-On: Do you remember the R in Rite Aid not being cut?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rite_Aid
7005.(Shampoo Logo change.)Do you remember the Xs in Nexxus not being connected?
https://www.nexxus.com/en/us/products/wash-and-care/shampoo/
7006.(Company Logo change.)Do you remember the letters in Grainger being different?
https://m.grainger.com
7007.(Company Logo change.)Do you remember the T and P in STP being normal?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/STP_(motor_oil_company)
7008.(Gas Station name change.)Mobile Oil/Mobiloil(Mobile Gas/Mobilgas)(Anything else about any of the logos look off?)
https://logos.fandom.com/wiki/Mobil
7009.(Car Model Logo change.)Do you remember the letters in Ford Escape being normal?(Anything else off?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ford_Escape
7010.(Movie Logo change.)Do you remember the R and A not being connected?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rain_Man
7011.(Car Model Logo change.)Do you remember the letters in Dodge Dakota being normal?(Anything else off about any of the logos having to do with Dodge?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dodge_Dakota
7012.(Car Model Logo change.)Do you remember the letters in Toyota Yaris being normal?(Anything else off?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toyota_Yaris
7013.(Delivery Company Logo change.)Do you remember the letters in DHL not being cut?(Is the D off?)(Did the company not exist?)(Did Jimmy John's not exist?)(Choclate/Chocolate)(Vanila/Vanilla)(Epics/Epix and is the logo off?)(Books no longer say Fiction or Non-Fiction on the spine?)(Kirk Cobain/Kurt Cobain)(Every Time You Go/Every Time You Go Away)(Anything else off?)("I don't want any damn peas!"/"I don't want any damn vegetables!")(Trix Rabbit's nose is a different shape.)(Tootsie Pop Owl is white or yellowish instead of brown or tan.)(Evander Hollyfield/Evander Holyfield and is the pronunciation off?)(Lenoox Lewis/Lennox Lewis)(Nellie Furtafo/Nelly Furtado)(Trivigo/Trivago)(Dillon's/Dhillons)(Other spellings?)(Didn't Kim Kercheval die already?)(SugeSugar)(Arcticat/Artic Cat)(Anything else off?)(Spider that resembles sushi.)(Zach Galifanakis/Zach Galifianakis and is the pronunciation off?)(Other spellings?)(Super giant pineapples exist.)(Numerous "Hear what you want to hear" videos.)(Mary Janes candy changed to Mary Jane, not the shoes.)(Bonnie Taylor didn't actually change according to the original finder.)(Sherman Hemsley died in 2012, then 2019, then 2012.)(Crazy Bone/Krayzie Bone)(Lazy Bone/Layzie Bone)(Flesh And Bone/Flesh-n-Bone)(Sherwood Forrest/Sherwood Forest)(More Razzle Dazzle stuff.)(George Reaves/George Reeves)(Trestella, California/Trestelle, California)(Hill Valley Town Square in Back To The Future now has memorial in it when some remember nothing and others remember a gazebo.)(HomeGoids Os are now cut a little.)(The Thing movie logo letters are connected.)(World's first sci-fi stiry was written in the 2nd century.)(Singing instructors tell people to sing from their stomach and liver.)(Elle Goulding/Ellie Goulding)(More tech ahead of its time.)(White ravens now exist.)(Cassowaries now exist.)(Very young serial killers.)(Documentary on Amazon Prime released already?)(Turkish black carrots now exist.)(Rubber duck isopods.)(Jimmy Vaughn/Jimmy Vaughan/Jimmie Vaughan))(Lexis/Lexus)(Quentan Tarantino/Quentin Tarantino)(Other spellings?)(Bill Keane/Bil Keane)(Orgin/Origin)(Bill Baird/Bil Baird)(Bill DwyeBil Dwyer)(Bill Donovan/Bil Donovan)(Maleficent's face is now a blueish color instead of green.)(Roddy McDowell/Roddy McDowall)(Dolly Pardon/Dolly Parton)(Joe Poesci/Joe Pesci)(Other spellings?)(Hart/Heart)(Chameleons can copy more patterns and colors now.)(Zone Of Silence in Mexico.)(Did 4-leaf and other types of clovers not exist for you at all?)(Weird new planet related Mandela Effects.)(Alison's Restaurant/Alice's Restaurant)(Astronomer buried on moon in 1999.)(8 deadly sins?)(Meghan Markle having a boy instead of girl.)(Frank L. Baum/L. Frank Baum)(Devilled Eggs/Deviled Eggs)(Anything else off with the word Deviled?)(Heads-up Display/Head-up Display)(Does The Sign by Ace Of Base sound off?)(RoboCop KFC commercials.)(Established connection in Britain's Got Talent episode.)(Both The Doors and Doors exist.)(Both The Beatles and Beatles exist.)(Both The Beach Boys and Beach Boys exist.)(So many high quality photos of the Titanic and onboard it and during the sinking of it and during the rescues.)(Truely/Truly)(Droped/Dropped)Annie's dress design has changed.)(Annie now has the tagline The Movie Of Tomorrow.)(Boston album logo is merged.)(Is it Oliver or Oliver Twist cause it may be both now?)(Old and new Geek Squad logos have changed.)(Alice's Restaurant logo has merged.)(AC Delco is now merged.)(Heart album logo and logo in general letters are off.)(All Paramount letters are way off from what they once were.)(Dakine logo has off letters.)(PB Max letters are off.)(Clark candy bar letters are off.)(West Coast Video letters are off.)(Western Express letters are off.)(Drakkar Noir letters are connected and off.)(The Covergirls/Covergirls and their logos are all off.)(Cartier letters are off.)(Regular text on online search and newspapers and in certain fonts is starting to merge and in handwriting too.)(RachefelleRochefelleRockefeller)(Other spellings?)(Mosanto/Monsanto)(The ending of ER has changed in a lot of ways.)(Do you remember any other singers singing certain songs?)(Octapus/Octopus)(Orphan trains now used to exist.)(Street Sharks was now a thing.)(Eagles never sang Margaritaville or Cheeseburger In Paradise. Jimmy Buffett did.)(Eddie Rabbitt never sang The Wanderer. Dion DiMucci did.)(Twisted Sister never sang Cum On Feel The Noize. Slade did.)(Janis Joplin never sang Son Of A Preacher Man. Dusty Springfield did.)(The Cure never sang I Melt With You. Modern English did.)(Didn't Freddie Starr die 10-15 years ago instead of May 9, 2019?)(Carl Benz/Karl Benz)(Winona Ryder now wears a monocle in Heathers.)(Horses now never wore blinders.)(Baby x-rays are way different.)(Evie Noel/Evie Noall)(Mark Ferwings/Mark Fewings)(Brian Stavely/Brian Staveley)(Don Skool/Don Scool)(Cantelope/Cantaloupe)(Butterfingers/Butterfinger)(Spiders that can imitate ladybugs.)(The way some people from certain places can balance so well on steep mountainsides which may not be a change but could be.)(Teddy from Stand By Me now has a mole in some scenes and it's more obvious in certain scenes.)(1872 Lone Pine Earthquake which was largest earthquake that ever hit California in recorded history.)(Cussing in Little House On The Prairie?)(Was Todd Bridges never in the show at all and did the episode with him in it not exist?)(Type-O/Typo)(Jerry McGuire/Jerry Maguire)(Character and movie.)(David Williams/David Walliams)(Zebra Bullhead Shark.)(Man wants to legally change birth year from 1949 to 1969.)(Wayne's World 2 now came out in 1993 instead of 1994.)(Top Gun now came out in 1986 instead of 1987.)(Highlander 3: The Final Dimension now came out in 1995 instead of 1993.)(Scott F. Fritzgerald/F. Scott Fitzgerald)(Robert Fritzgerald/Robert Fitzgerald)(Richard Fritzpatrick/Richard Fitzpatrick)(Ben Effleck/Ben Affleck)(Savannah house cats now exist.)(Marshmallow plants now exist and marshmallows are no longer completely artificial.)(Shaun Wallace/Wallace Shawn and now there is another celebrity named Shaun Wallace.)(Didn't Doris Day earlier than May 13, 2019?)(Sauerkraut is now from China and not Germany.)(Didn't Tim Conway die before May 14, 2019?)(Everybody Get Up/Get Up Everybody)("Sad story."/"Sad soul."/"Sad songs.")(Do any of his logos look off?)(Is the video off?)(Moser Hotel/Mosser Hotel)(Wasn't there a butterfly on the movie cover for The Butterfly Effect?)("Lived a man who sailed the seas."/"Lived a man who sailed to sea.")(Mark Chestnut/Mark Chesnutt)(Do any of his logos look off?)(She's a maniac. Maniac at your door."/"She's a maniac. Maniac at your love."/"She's a maniac. Maniac I sure know.")(Was it something else?)(Do any of his logos look off?)(Did Hall & Oates sing this song and not Michael Sembello?)(Anything else off?)("Are the voices in your head?"/"Or the voices in your head."/"All the voices in your head.")(Do any of her logos look off?)("Give me your answer true."/"Give me your answer do.")("I'm half crazy over the love the love of you."/"I'm half crazy all for the love of you.")("Bicycle made for two."/"Bicycle built for two.")(Do any of his logos look off?)(Is the title off?)("The ending is just the beginning."/"The ending is just a beginner.")(Do any of their logos look off?)(Tangueray/Tanqueray)(Charles Dickerson/Charles Dickens)(Ernest Hemmingway/Ernest Hemingway)("Once upon a midnight dreary."/"Once upon a midnight dearie.")(Do any of their logos look off?)("Can you see why kids love the taste of Cinnamon Toast Crunch?"/"Can you see why kids love Cinnamon Toast Crunch?")(Poinsetta/Poinsettia)(Exhalt/Exalt)(Bippity Boppity Boop/Bibbidi-Bobbidi-Boo)(Kanga from Winnie The Pooh almost never wears an apron.)(Eeyore's patches are missing.)(Piglet and Winnie The Pooh no longer have tails.)(Winnie The Pooh/Winnie-The-Pooh)(Hundred Acre Woods/Hundred Acre Wood)(Quails are poisonous.)(Polly In My Pocket/Polly Pocket)(Was it something else?)("Have yourself a Merry little Christmas time."/"Have yourself a merry little Christmas night."/"Have yourself a merry little Christmas now.")(US missionary killed by tribe happened years ago and has now only just happened.)("Thunderbolts and lightning."/"Thunderbolt and lightning.")(Monica Lewinski/Monica Lewinsky)("In the winter we can build a snowman."/"In the meadow we can build a snowman.")("Later on we'll perspire."/"Later on we'll conspire.")("No pleasure here on Earth I find."/"No pleasure here on Earth I found.")(Do any of their logos look off?)(Did the Beedrill and Ponyta Pokémon not exist?)(Arianna Grande/Ariana Grande)(Zapados/Zapdos)(Electrabuzz/Electabuzz)(Epseon/Espeon)("You want to go where everybody knows your name."/"You want to be where everybody knows your name.")(Octopuses don't have tentacles now. They have arms.)(Dainty Kane/Danity Kane)(Do any of their logos look off?)(Schitzophrenia/Schizophrenia)(Other spellings?)("You looking at me?"/"You talking to me?")(Gnocci/Gnocchi)(Macaroons are now the coconut deserts and macarons are the colorful cookies.)(Billy Banks/Billy Blanks)(Roobios/Rooibos)("If I could change the world."/"And I can change the world.")(Do any of his logos look off?)("Who could it be now?"/"Who can it be now.")("Christmas time is here."/"Christmas time is near.")("Time for joy."/"Time for toys.")("Do you really feel the way I feel?"/"Do I really feel the way I feel?")(Do any of his logos look off?)
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=kzo45hWXRWU
https://www.thedailybeast.com/americans-tricked-into-using-foreign-accents-nsfw
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=1QYYOuQGEp0
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=7czysbdHM1s
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=pPFQzhskyWw
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=z-Et63ZhfGg
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=0nVvRwrgsGU
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=CNXOu7gPEXM
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=MM6TH6UHqkg
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=5XYoGQSpzHA
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=WJH9JD0Ttcc
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/DHL
7014.(Company Logo change.)Do you remember the letters in Zumiez not being connected?(Is the WorldPants logo off?)
https://www.zumiez.com/brands/free-world/free-world-chinos-pants.html
7015.(Cereal Logo change.)Do you remember the Rs in Cap'n Crunch cereal being normal?(Were the letters never connected in any of the names?)
https://www.walgreens.com/store/c/cap%27n-crunch-crunch-berries-cereal/ID=prod6313504-product
7016.(T.V. Show name change.)The Twilight Zone/Twilight Zone/The Twilight Zone
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Twilight_Zone_(1959_TV_series)
7017.(Movie name change.)Spider-Man: Enter The Multiverse/Spider-Man: Into The Spider-Verse(Other names?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spider-Man:_Into_the_Spider-Verse
Add-On: Do you remember the Easter Island statues not having eyes and not having hieroglyphics on them?(Anything else off?)(Do you remember Easter being earlier or later in the year?)(More celebrities brought back to life.)(Cochella/Coachella and is the pronunciation off?)(Jimi Hendrix dies at 27 now instead of 28.)(Marilyn Monroe now has a brother and sister.)(Reese Whithherspoon/Reese Witherspoon)(Did Reese Witherspoon play in Clueless?)(Did Alicia Silverstone not exist?)(Tree that has its own waterfall-like spout.)(Gavin McGraw/Gavin DeGraw)(More weird bridges.)
https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/easter-island-statues-location-scli-intl/index.html
7018.(Famous Singer name change.)Lou Vega/Lou Bega(Other spellings?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lou_Bega
7019.(Song name change.)Winds Of Change/Wind Of Change
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wind_of_Change_(Scorpions_song)
7020.(Shoe name change.)Mary Janes/Mary Jane(Other names?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Jane_(shoe)
7021.(Cocoa Logo change.)Do you remember the Swiss Miss girl looking different or being dressed different or holding something or not?(Did she not exist?)(Did Swiss Miss pudding bars not exist?)(Did Swiss Miss only sell cocoa before?)
http://brandingsource.blogspot.com/2011/08/swiss-miss-brand-history.html?m=1
7022.(Fictional Character appearance change.)Do you remember Pop not having a white hat?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snap,_Crackle_and_Pop
7023.(Fictional Character appearance change.)Do you remember the Trix Rabbit having a black nose?(Was the TV Tropes logo normal?)(Marylin Monroe/Marilyn Monroe)
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Advertising/TrixRabbit?from=Main.Trix
7024.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember Marlboro Beer not existing?
https://beachpackagingdesign.com/boxvox/marlboro-beer
Add-On: Do you remember Tom Cruise's shirt in Risky Business not having stripes?
https://mysteriousunexplainedhistory.com/evidence-that-the-mandela-effect-is-changing-everything-risky-business-dance-scene/
Add-On: Do you remember Waldo having an all red hat and was his shirt inverted?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Where's_Wally%3F
7025.(Slogan change.)"The taste that refreshes."/"The pause that refreshes."
https://www.coca-colacompany.com/stories/coca-cola-slogans-through-the-years-#ath
7026.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember Inflammable and Flammable not meaning the same thing?(Was Inflammable not a word?)
https://www.dictionary.com/e/inflammable/
7027.(Date change.)Do you remember 420 not going as far back as the 1970's or not existing?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/420_(cannabis_culture)
7028.(Spelling change.)Hippy/Hippie(Was the former the only acceptable spelling?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippie
7029.(Celebrity death date change.)Do you remember Lorraine Warren dying way before April 18, 2019?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ed_and_Lorraine_Warren
7030.(Movie Series name change.)BladerunneBlade Runner(Do any of the logos look off?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_Runner
7031.(Famous Actor name change.)Bob Sagot/Bob Saget
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Saget
7032.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember sailing stones not being a thing?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sailing_stones
7033.(History change.)Do you remember Bonnie And Clyde being shot at by numerous cops as they exited a building instead of them being shot by less cops while in a car?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonnie_and_Clyde#Deaths
7034.(Music Lyrics change.)"You had my heart and soul in your hand."/"You had my heart inside of your hand."
https://genius.com/Adele-rolling-in-the-deep-lyrics
7035.(Amusement Park name change.)Hershey Park/Hersheypark
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hersheypark
Add-On: Do you remember Charlie Brown's hair being different in any way?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Brown
7036.(Famous Rapper name change.)Nate Dog/Nate Dogg
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nate_Dogg
7037.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember Snoop Dogg inventing terms and words like My Nizzle instead of stuff like appearing on Double Dutch Bus?
https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090319104813AABoRtp
7038.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember these things being different or not a thing?(Stingrays that look like gargoyles, Elvis never sang Crazy Little Thing Called Love and Queen actually did, more swastikas in our past, eyes being less or more sensitive or being better or not, Harris hawks hunt in packs, protruberance/protuberance, fabella bone, more anatomy changes, women have bigger anterior cortex, insects that can change color, more Statue Of Liberty changes, squid and octopus tentacles now have teeth in them and the suction cups can swivel up to 720 degrees, CERN Symmetry movie, more new and big sea animals, more geography changes, more statue changes and new statues, more weird new gorilla related changes, celestrial/celestial, more DNA changes.)(Video below.)
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=x8HkQZh8zuU
7039.(New fruits.)Have you heard of the Cucamelon?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melothria_scabra
7040.(Song name change.)Saying Goodbye To Hollywood/Say Goodbye Hollywood(Are the lyrics off?)(Anything else off?)
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=gTkb8URJczQ
7041.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember the Robinson Crusoe stories being completely fiction?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robinson_Crusoe
Add-On: Do you remember Billy Joel having his newer look in the We Didn't Start The Fire music video?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/We_Didn%27t_Start_the_Fire
7042.(New fruits.)Have you heard of the chocolate pudding fruit?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diospyros_nigra
7043.(Company name change.)J.P. Morgan Chase/JPMorgan Chase(Was the name officially J.P. Morgan Chase?)(Were the letters not connected?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/JPMorgan_Chase
7044.(Music Lyrics change.)"Love Stinks."/"Love Stink."(Do any of their logos look off?)
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=ELdyoqJU4xs
7045.(Famous Actor name change.)Chiwetel OkafoChiwetal Ejiofor(Other spellings?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiwetel_Ejiofor
7046.(Celebrity death date change.)Do you remember John Singleton dying earlier than April 29, 2019?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Singleton
7047.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember these things being different or not a thing?(Saturn's rings again, tribes with genetics of a 3rd human species, Malenesian people, Australian spider season, hypnotized chickens, camels are metal now, square starfish, planetary nebulas aren't planetary, sun is now blue-green, polar overdominance, genomic imprinting, mountains can be seen from further away now, new bone growth mechanism, more Amelia Earhart related changes, lots of earthquake changes surrounding how buildings used to be and how mud and water act now, more geography changes, women look more like men in the body and men look more like women in the body, hearts can continue to beat after death, moonfish, more anatomy changes, whipworms, more weird sea animals, clouds that rain in only one spot, sheep with huge butts, villages and places where all people only walk on all fours, smog in certain places, you can injure your shoulder if a doctor doesn't properly inject something into it.)(Video below.)
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=vnOs_Rqg8j8
7048.(Movie Quote change.)"Long ago in a galaxy far away."/"A long time ago in a galaxy far far away."
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=h5psCjg5-cI
7049.(Movie Quote change.)"May the force be with you."/"The force is with you always."(Was it the always the former and never anything else?)
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=M9iYT3lhmd4
7050.(Cereal name change.)Wheatos/Weetos(Wheatabix/Weetabix)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weetos
7051.(Restaurant name change.)Foodrockers/Fuddruckers
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuddruckers
7052.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember there not being so many high quality photos of Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frédéric_Auguste_Bartholdi
7053.(Movie Quote change.)"I've been a rich man and I've been a poor man and I'd take rich any fucking day of the week."/"I've been a rich man and I've been a poor man and I choose rich every fucking time."
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=PQleT6BtCbE
7054.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember Dayton Miller not existing?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dayton_Miller
7055.(Company name change.)Sthl/Stihl
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stihl
7056.(New species.)Have you heard of the fiery-throated hummingbird?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiery-throated_hummingbird
7057.(New plants.)Have you heard of giant dandelions?
https://davesgarden.com/community/forums/t/728702/#b
7058.(New fruits.)Have you heard of indoor dwarf fruit trees?
https://www.wideopeneats.com/indoor-fruit-trees/
7059.(Spelling change.)Novacaine/Novocaine(Was it only ever spelled Novacaine or something else?)(Was it never known as Procaine?)(Oralgel/Oragel/Orajel)(Lanacaine/Lanacane)(Dermaplast/Dermoplast)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Procaine
7060.(Famous Singer name change.)Taylor Dane/Taylor Dayne(Other spellings?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taylor_Dayne
7061.(Product name change.)Swimmer's Ear Drops/Swim-Ear
https://pics.drugstore.com/prodimg/12443/900.jpg
7062.(Company name change.)Funk & Wagners/Funk & Wagnalls
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Funk_%26_Wagnalls
7063.(Music Lyrics change.)"Hello my baby. Hello my darling."/"Hello my baby. Hello my honey."(Was it something else?)
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=YRWlbX92B3I
7064.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember the Coppertone baby's butt not completely showing?
https://i.ebayimg.com/images/g/pUQAAOSwJH5aUl9B/s-l400.jpg
7065.(Store name change.)Pet Value/Pet Valu(Were the logos never connected?)
http://petvalu.com
7066.(Comic Strip name change.)Family Circus/The Family Circus
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Family_Circus
7067.(Music Lyrics change.)"Below his knees."/"Below his knee."(Other lyrics?)
https://genius.com/The-beatles-come-together-lyrics
7068.(Rock Band name change.)Steeley Dan/Steely Dan(Do any of their logos look off?)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steely_Dan
7069.(Music Lyrics change.)"We can take it to the edge of the night."/"We can take it to the end of the line."(Do any of her logos look off?)(Other lyrics?)
https://genius.com/Bonnie-tyler-total-eclipse-of-the-heart-lyrics
7070.(Music Lyrics change.)"Hands touching hands."/"Hand touching hands."("To believe they ever wood."/"To believe they never wood.")("Good times never felt so good."/"Good times never seemed so good.")(Was there people singing a "Bomp, bomp, bomp" in the song?)
https://www.songfacts.com/lyrics/neil-diamond/sweet-caroline
7071.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember these things being different or not a thing?(Shark spiral egg case, Easter egg plant, Ginko/Gingko tree(Other spellings?),Opthalmologist/Ophthalmologist, silverback gorilla coloration abd other gorilla changes, shark nostrils and other shark changes, RH- is not 61 different antigens, human tongue can smell, white strawberries are natural and other strawberry changes, tarahumera tribe can run hundreds of miles without practicing, bat used pitcher plant as a toilet.)(Video below.)
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=hR3ekRCfnyA
7072.(Can't think of a title.)Do you remember these things being different or not a thing?(Christmas tree worms, pinhole cameras, Ground Zero photos look extremely fake now, more weird plants, person's finger grew over wedding ring, magnetic dunes, Russia and China almost went to nuclear war, more weird clouds, dish faced Arabian horses, 2 different types of nuclear bombs dropped on Japan, Earth's Star Trek shield, Bombay blood and more new weird blood types, water is number one greenhouse gas, pollen turns sky green, super corals, reindeer eyes change colors, water bullets from the sun, alcohol in space and the smell of space.)(Video below.)
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=dkbgM7GRuvI
submitted by iminterestingplease to Retconned [link] [comments]


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Attraction Spell:-

Dramatically improve your “curb” appeal. This spell brings your inner beauty to the surface, allowing others to see your sex appeal, your intriguing personality, your beautiful qualities. Not only will you feel better about yourself, but when stares and compliments come your way, your self-confidence will soar, and you will feel on top of the world. And well you should be because you are a very special person.

Divorce Spells:-

Divorce Spells should be used in extreme cases for example if your husband has disturbed you a lot and you are tired of his tortures, you need a divorce but he is not giving you and thus your life had become miserable in such cased you may go for these powerful Spells can also be used to prevent a divorce, if there are people who are not happy with your happy family life and are trying different ways to separate you and so are insisting on a divorce then these divorce spells should be used to protect you from all such evil people so that you may have a very happy and secured married life.

Marriage Spells:-

Marriage Spells are supposed to be very strong and affective Marriage Spells are supposed to be very strong and affective. If you are in a relation and your lover is not committing or is taking time to decide if she or she or she wants to get married to you or not then these very strong marriage spells are used by which your love will marry you and you will be having a very strong and happy married life.

Fertility spells/Pregnancy spell:-

Are often used by women’s who want to start her own family. But due to unknown problems she is not able to conceive and some time they may also be scared at the time of pregnancy thinking about the baby, fertility spell or pregnancy spells should be used for the above reasons so that they may have a safe pregnancy and without any problems or complications. Also fertility spells should be used to prevent Miscarriages.

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If you’ve ended a relationship with someone and they just won’t accept that it’s over, if they keep calling you, writing to you, or even worse, if they keep coming over, then this might be just the spell you’ve been looking for! Within a day or two of casting this spell most people notice an inner feeling like a huge sigh of relief! Then, the past lover begins to attempt contact less and less often, and what usually happens next is other people will begin to get involved in the situation in such a way that the past lovers attention is diverted away from you and they have someone or something else to focus their energy on!

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Contact Name=Baba Imran Khan Ji
Contact No.+91-7688880369
Website=http://babaimarankhan.co.in
[Gmail=[email protected]](mailto:Gmail=[email protected])
submitted by Khanbabaji44 to u/Khanbabaji44 [link] [comments]


2019.04.04 08:25 Khanbabaji44 (91-7688880369) Divorce Problem Solution Baba Ji Kolkata

Vashikaran Services available throughout India and the world . We provide astrology services related to vashikaran in major countries like India , UK , USA , Australia and South Africa . +91 7688880369
Vashikaran and Black Magic are extreme parts of Astrology , that are performed by a well known , vashikaran specialist , in such a way that it can be used in both reversible and irreversible directions .

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समस्या बन सकती है आत्महत्या ।

9 घण्टे में काम की गारण्टी।

जैसे किया-कराया, प्रेम-विवाह, सौतन दुख, व्यापार, गृहक्लेश, दुश्मन से छुटकारा, वशीकरण, खुशहाल एवं प्रसन्नचित रहें, गृहक्लेश, व्यापारिक समस्या, विवाह में रुकावट, ऋण होना, ऊपरी समस्या, कुण्डली दोष, पति-पत्नी अनबन, प्रेम संबंधी, दुश्मनों से छुटकारा,

Black magic protection spells, healing spells, black magic spells, black magic healing, protection spells, protection power spells, talismans, charms, black magick protection, blackmagick protection, blackmagic healing.Black magic protection spells, healing spells, black magic spells, black magic healing, protection spells, protection power spells, talismans, charms, black magick protection, blackmagick protection, blackmagic

Like:-

BUSINESS PROBLEM, DISPUTE WITH HUSBAND OR WIFE, DISPUTE WITH LOVER,CHEATING IN LOVE, GET DONE OF MARRIAGE OR BREAKING OF ANY MARRIAGE,CHILDREN’S GO OUT OF ORDER FROM PARENTS, HOME CONFLICT, INTERRUPTION IN MARRIAGE, GET RID FROM ENEMY, FOREIGN TOUR, MOVIE OR MODELLING CAREER, MANGLIK PROBLEM, CAUGHT SIGHT (NAZAR LAGNA),

TEWA READING, KUNDLI MAKING, YOU CAN ATTRACT YOUR LOVER,

iF YOU ARE DEJECTED/ REJECTED DO NOT WORRY. HE/SHE WILL FEEL AN URGE TO CALL YOU, TO MEET YOU AT THE EARLIEST.LOVe MARRIAGE, AFFAIRS, DIVORCE, DISTURBED MARRIAGE LIFE, E TROUBLE IN MARRIAGE, FOREIGN TRAVELING AND ALL KIND OF ANY FAMILY PROBLEMS.

Lost Love Spells:-

Lost Love Spell or Spells are used or performed, if you have lost your love and all the efforts that you have tried have failed and there is no way that you can get your love back. Lost love spell will bring your love back to you unconditionally. Also if your love is with some one else then by the power of this spell your love will break his or her relation and will be with you.

Attraction Spell:-

Dramatically improve your “curb” appeal. This spell brings your inner beauty to the surface, allowing others to see your sex appeal, your intriguing personality, your beautiful qualities. Not only will you feel better about yourself, but when stares and compliments come your way, your self-confidence will soar, and you will feel on top of the world. And well you should be because you are a very special person.

Divorce Spells:-

Divorce Spells should be used in extreme cases for example if your husband has disturbed you a lot and you are tired of his tortures, you need a divorce but he is not giving you and thus your life had become miserable in such cased you may go for these powerful Spells can also be used to prevent a divorce, if there are people who are not happy with your happy family life and are trying different ways to separate you and so are insisting on a divorce then these divorce spells should be used to protect you from all such evil people so that you may have a very happy and secured married life.

Marriage Spells:-

Marriage Spells are supposed to be very strong and affective Marriage Spells are supposed to be very strong and affective. If you are in a relation and your lover is not committing or is taking time to decide if she or she or she wants to get married to you or not then these very strong marriage spells are used by which your love will marry you and you will be having a very strong and happy married life.

Fertility spells/Pregnancy spell:-

Are often used by women’s who want to start her own family. But due to unknown problems she is not able to conceive and some time they may also be scared at the time of pregnancy thinking about the baby, fertility spell or pregnancy spells should be used for the above reasons so that they may have a safe pregnancy and without any problems or complications. Also fertility spells should be used to prevent Miscarriages.

Banish a Past Lover Magic Spell:-

If you’ve ended a relationship with someone and they just won’t accept that it’s over, if they keep calling you, writing to you, or even worse, if they keep coming over, then this might be just the spell you’ve been looking for! Within a day or two of casting this spell most people notice an inner feeling like a huge sigh of relief! Then, the past lover begins to attempt contact less and less often, and what usually happens next is other people will begin to get involved in the situation in such a way that the past lovers attention is diverted away from you and they have someone or something else to focus their energy on!

Do not wait if you have questions to ask or problems –

Hello People !

If you are not getting success in your life and always having problems, then you can email me your details or sms me your details and take time. I will bring about a change in your life with the help Indian Vedic Astrology. I will make your Birth-Chart and study it. Then I will tell you the remedies and lucky Gemstones.

Just mail me :www.vashikaranspecialistkaran.webs.com

1) Name

2) Sex

3) Time of birth

4) Day, Date & Year of Birth

5) Place of Birth

6) Your query

love marriage problem solve +91 7688880369

Are you having Problems in your life Get Solution through systematic remedies of all problems within 48 hours and with 100% GUARANTEE. Problems are like as follow 1. Like jadu-tona. 2. Business related problems. 3. Husband and wife relationship. 4. Be free from enemy / 2nd wife 5. Settle in foreign. 6. Desired love. 7. Disputes between husband / wife. 8. Problems in study. 9. Childless Women. 10. Intoxication. 11. Physical problems. 12. Domestic controversy. 13. Problems in family relations. 14. Promotions or willful marriage. 15. Lottary & lucky nomber Get all solutions in your life as you desire. aghori baba and get advise from him. there is no Consultation Charges. Any problems in the life get solution as your des Love priest -Love Solution- Love Problem -Vashikaran mantra for love { babaji} aghori ji is an uniqe name by his identy in astrological field . baba ji can solve any type of astrological related problem like problem in love vashikaran specialist ,marriage problem solution , dispute in relation, vashikaran astrology, black magic specialist, get your love back by vashikaran, voodoo love spells etc. if you want to get remedy about these problems dont waste your time and call +91–7688880369 love marriage problem, vashikaran specialist, black magic solution, graha klesh, karobar,intercast love marriage problem solution, vashikaran mantra for love marriage, vashikaran mantra for love, career problem solution, vashikaran astrology, vashikaran mantra, business problem solution, santan samasya (childless problem solution), lal kitab upay, indian vashikaran, black magic specialist, spell of black magic,voodoo spell lost love spell bring bang lost lover back witchcraft wicca ex love back control for vashikaran mantra wife & husband control lovers mind black magic jin kala jadu control forl girl & boy by vashikaran Childless problem solutionFinancial problem solution e free from enemyDivorce problem solutionVashikaran specialistAll type of problem solution by astrologyMarriage life problem solution Control your lover in hand by vashikaranBlack magic spellsBlack magic womanLost love spells business problem solution etc baba ji__________+91–7688880369

Greatest astrologer & powerfulVashii Karan specialist I have solved all types of problems through My astrology, and my all magical, And Spiritual abilities as Example as education, business loss, husband wife relationship, court case, love marriage, lost love, money problem, tour travel, job with my hard tantrum mantra Skills. ONE CALL CHANGE YOUR LIFE Just a Single Call and Solve your Problem cont. +91–7688880369

One Call Change Your Life +91-7688880369
24 Hours Service Open
World Famous No.1 Astrologer
All Types Problems Solutions
Contact Name=Baba Imran Khan Ji
Contact No.+91-7688880369
Website=http://babaimarankhan.co.in
[Gmail=[email protected]](mailto:Gmail=[email protected])
submitted by Khanbabaji44 to u/Khanbabaji44 [link] [comments]


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